Tobacco Use Disorder

Misleading Popular YouTube Videos Affect Attitudes About Tobacco

Misleading Popular YouTube Videos Affect Attitudes About Tobacco

Misleading portrayals of tobacco's health consequences in popular YouTube videos can increase positivity toward featured products including hookahs and e-cigarettes.

E-Cigarettes May Help Some Quit Tobacco Smoking

E-Cigarettes May Help Some Quit Tobacco Smoking

Some individuals self-report that electronic cigarettes help them quit smoking conventional cigarettes.

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

Youth should be protected from electronic cigarettes and other nicotine delivery devices.

E-Cigarette Flavorings May Impair Vascular Function

E-Cigarette Flavorings May Impair Vascular Function

Flavoring additives used in electronic cigarettes may have adverse effects on blood vessels.

Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

Nicotine preloading does not significantly increase subsequent smoking abstinence in adult daily smokers with tobacco dependence.

Financial Incentives May Up Rates of Smoker Abstinence

Financial Incentives May Up Rates of Smoker Abstinence

Financial incentives added to free cessation aids can improve the rate of sustained abstinence among smokers.

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP and other signatories also call on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products.

Greater Use of Tobacco Products Among Youth With Asthma

Greater Use of Tobacco Products Among Youth With Asthma

Youth with asthma have considerably higher use of tobacco products than those without asthma.

2011 to 2017 Saw Drop in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

2011 to 2017 Saw Drop in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

From 2011 to 2017 there were decreases in current use of any tobacco products among high and middle school students.

Higher Risk for Substance Abuse Among Reservation-Based American Indian Youth

Higher Risk for Substance Abuse Among Reservation-Based American Indian Youth

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Researchers emphasized the necessity of developing targeted interventions to address such health disparities among American Indian communities.

UK National Health Service Explores Justification for Rationing Elective Surgery in Smokers, Obesity

UK National Health Service Explores Justification for Rationing Elective Surgery in Smokers, Obesity

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Recent measures in the United Kingdom have proposed restricting access to elective surgery for smokers and people with obesity.

CDC Report: Integrating Tobacco Cessation Interventions in Mental Health, Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities

CDC Report: Integrating Tobacco Cessation Interventions in Mental Health, Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities

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Providing barrier-free access to proven cessation treatments is critical to reduce smoking-related disease and death in the United States.

Global Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Illicit Drug Use: A 2017 Status Report

Global Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Illicit Drug Use: A 2017 Status Report

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Researchers proposed that future projects investigate the geographical and temporal trends in substance use and its disease burden.

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapies May Not Increase MACE

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapies May Not Increase MACE

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There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.

Significant variation in mortality trends in substance use disorders among US counties

Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.

Increased Odds of Cigarette Use, Relapse Among Cannabis Users

Increased Odds of Cigarette Use, Relapse Among Cannabis Users

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The findings of these analyses suggest that, to an extent, this relationship might be generalized to cannabis users as a whole, not just those diagnosed with a cannabis use disorder.

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be.

E-Cigarettes Associated With More Harms Than Benefits at Population Level

E-Cigarettes Associated With More Harms Than Benefits at Population Level

E-cigarettes are associated with more harm than good on a population level.

Many Teens Who Use Tobacco Don't Self-Identify as Users

Many Teens Who Use Tobacco Don't Self-Identify as Users

Most adolescent users of tobacco products do not identify as users.

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

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Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.

Heavy Cigarette Smoking in Adolescence May Increase Risk for Psychosis

Heavy Cigarette Smoking in Adolescence May Increase Risk for Psychosis

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Despite the recognition that early daily tobacco use likely increases the risk for later psychosis, investigation of the effect of covariates such as substance use, existing psychotic features, or parental/family factors was lacking in the literature.

Naltrexone More Effective for Alcohol Use Disorder in Nicotine Users

Naltrexone More Effective for Alcohol Use Disorder in Nicotine Users

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There has been much variability in the capacity for pharmacological treatments to help curb alcoholism, and the research community has remained interested in determining specific factors that may predict the efficacy of treatments such as naltrexone.

Varenicline Reduces Heavy Drinking, Cigarette Smoking in Men With Alcohol Use Disorder

Varenicline Reduces Heavy Drinking, Cigarette Smoking in Men With Alcohol Use Disorder

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Varenicline may have a role in the treatment of alcohol use disorder in men who smoke cigarettes.

Population-Level Interventions May Reduce Tobacco-Related Death, Disease

Population-Level Interventions May Reduce Tobacco-Related Death, Disease

In the US today, about 20% of adults use any type of tobacco product.

Gene Linked to Increased Risk of Nicotine Dependence Identified

Gene Linked to Increased Risk of Nicotine Dependence Identified

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Researchers identified a DNA variant—located in the DNMT3B gene—that increases likelihood of nicotine dependence. The variant is commonly found in people of European and African descent. The discovery could create possibilities into new research for nicotine addiction treatments.

Opioid Overdoses a Leading Cause of Death in Rural Areas

Opioid Overdoses a Leading Cause of Death in Rural Areas

Factors including economics, environment, and demographic and social factors might put rural residents at a higher risk of these preventable causes of death.

FDA Removing Black Box Warnings on Smoking Cessation Drugs

FDA Removing Black Box Warnings on Smoking Cessation Drugs

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The US Food and Drug Administration has determined that varenicline and bupropion pose a lower risk of serious mental health side effects than was previously thought.

Smokeless Tobacco Use Associated With Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality

Smokeless Tobacco Use Associated With Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality

Compared with men who never used tobacco, those who used snus but did not smoke had a 24% higher risk of death from prostate cancer.

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Researchers find heavy users have lower bone density than cigarette smokers.

Cigarette Smoking Predicts Development of Depression

Cigarette Smoking Predicts Development of Depression

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Cigarette smoking prevalence among persons with severe mental illness is approximately 3 times greater than the rate observed in the general population.

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