Tobacco Use Disorder
Nationwide initiatives to decrease cigarette smoking prevalence have not accommodated individuals with mental health or substance use disorders.
Non-smoking adolescents with tobacco smoke exposure have increased risk for TSE-related symptoms.
Teenagers' use of any tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes, is associated with subsequent marijuana use.
The AMA has adopted several policies to improve the regulation of tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes.
There was a large increase in sales of electronic cigarettes and related products in the United States in recent years as their prices fell.
Electronic cigarette use is most common among current smokers.
There have been substantial increases in complete abstinence from substance use reported by high school students over the past 40 years.
Misleading portrayals of tobacco's health consequences in popular YouTube videos can increase positivity toward featured products including hookahs and e-cigarettes.
Some individuals self-report that electronic cigarettes help them quit smoking conventional cigarettes.
Youth should be protected from electronic cigarettes and other nicotine delivery devices.
Flavoring additives used in electronic cigarettes may have adverse effects on blood vessels.
Nicotine preloading does not significantly increase subsequent smoking abstinence in adult daily smokers with tobacco dependence.
Financial incentives added to free cessation aids can improve the rate of sustained abstinence among smokers.
AAFP and other signatories also call on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products.
Youth with asthma have considerably higher use of tobacco products than those without asthma.
From 2011 to 2017 there were decreases in current use of any tobacco products among high and middle school students.
Researchers emphasized the necessity of developing targeted interventions to address such health disparities among American Indian communities.
UK National Health Service Explores Justification for Rationing Elective Surgery in Smokers, ObesityJune 08, 2018
Recent measures in the United Kingdom have proposed restricting access to elective surgery for smokers and people with obesity.
CDC Report: Integrating Tobacco Cessation Interventions in Mental Health, Substance Abuse Treatment FacilitiesJune 05, 2018
Providing barrier-free access to proven cessation treatments is critical to reduce smoking-related disease and death in the United States.
Researchers proposed that future projects investigate the geographical and temporal trends in substance use and its disease burden.
There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.
Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.
The findings of these analyses suggest that, to an extent, this relationship might be generalized to cannabis users as a whole, not just those diagnosed with a cannabis use disorder.
The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be.
E-cigarettes are associated with more harm than good on a population level.
Most adolescent users of tobacco products do not identify as users.
Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.
Despite the recognition that early daily tobacco use likely increases the risk for later psychosis, investigation of the effect of covariates such as substance use, existing psychotic features, or parental/family factors was lacking in the literature.
There has been much variability in the capacity for pharmacological treatments to help curb alcoholism, and the research community has remained interested in determining specific factors that may predict the efficacy of treatments such as naltrexone.
Varenicline may have a role in the treatment of alcohol use disorder in men who smoke cigarettes.
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