Slideshows Archives - Psychiatry Advisor

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Pros: PTSD

Medical Marijuana in Psychiatry: Weighing the Pros and Cons

As more states legalize the use of medical marijuana, researchers have conducted studies that explore how marijuana use affects various conditions. Individuals with certain psychiatric disorders seem to benefit from marijuana use, while others may experience adverse effects. Read through the slideshow to see how marijuana may positively or negatively affect different psychiatric illnesses based…

A company called Psious has developed various virtual/augmented reality programs to treat various phobias, including flying, needles, heights, enclosed spaces, open spaces, public speaking, and driving. Each treatment contains various virtual reality scenarios to elicit elevating levels of anxiety in patients with different phobias. For example, a patient with a fear of heights will first experience a simulation of standing at the edge of a 10-story building, working their way up to a 52-story building. During treatment, the therapist receives biofeedback from their patient and has the ability to control and customize the program to suit the patient. The effectiveness of virtual reality exposure therapy for the treatment of phobias has been shown in many studies, including a meta-analysis of such studies that showed that virtual reality was just as effective, if not slightly more effective, than traditional exposure therapy.

Interactive Media for Mental Health

Virtual reality has been explored for several decades as a treatment for various conditions including anxiety, PTSD, and phobias. Often, researchers use virtual reality devices to immerse patients in virtual exposure therapy, a form of behavior therapy where patients are exposed to feared or traumatic experiences. As advancements make this technology more affordable, virtual reality…

Roseroot (Rhodiola rosea) has been used to treat nervous system ailments, including depression, muscle weakness/fatigue, altitude sickness, and Parkinson’s disease. Roseroot is often called an adaptogen, a type of plant that decreases cellular sensitivity to stress. It is believed to optimize serotonin and dopamine levels through monoamine-oxidase inhibition and its influence on opioid peptides.

Alternative Therapies for Psychiatric Conditions

Although pharmacotherapy can be effective in treating many psychiatric disorders, some patients may be looking for a more natural approach to supplement or take the place of other treatments. Many complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) exist for common psychiatric disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and behavioral problems. If your patients ask about CAM, consider these…

OCD typically appears either between the ages of 8 and 12 years or between the late teen years and early adulthood. The exact causes of OCD remain unknown, but scientists believe that both brain structure and genetics play a role in the development of the disorder. Genetics have been shown to play a larger role when OCD begins in childhood compared with OCD that develops later in life.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by uncontrollable obsessions. In order to relieve the anxiety caused by these obsessions, a patient with OCD feels compelled to perform specific rituals or routines, called compulsions. This cycle of obsessions and compulsions significantly interferes with daily life. Read through the slideshow to learn more about the…

To improve stroke outcomes, a few hospitals in Germany and the United States are now using mobile stroke treatment units. Each unit, housed in an ambulance-type vehicle, has an onboard paramedic, critical care nurse, EMT, and CT technologist. A portable CT scanner takes brain images in 2 minutes, which are then sent via wireless link to hospital neurologists and neuroradiologists for diagnosis. Doctors then prescribe and direct treatment via a video connection.Mobile stroke treatment units can treat strokes in as little as 11 minutes after arrival. Because the timing of stroke treatment is so crucial, these new units are giving patients the chance for a full recovery that they may not have had with traditional emergency care.

Top 10 Medical Innovations of 2014

The Cleveland Clinic has selected the top 10 medical innovations that they predict will have the biggest impact on improving patient care in 2015. The selections include more effective medications, new vaccines, and novel devices that improve upon existing treatment options. View the slideshow to learn more about each of the 10 innovations.

Anyone can get PTSD at any age. This includes war veterans and survivors of physical and sexual assault, abuse, accidents, disasters and many other serious events. Not everyone with PTSD has been through a dangerous event. Some people get PTSD after a friend or family member experiences danger or is harmed. The sudden, unexpected death of a loved one can also cause PTSD.

Understanding Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that some people get after seeing or living through a dangerous event. When in danger, it is natural to feel afraid. This fear triggers many split-second changes in the body to prepare to defend against the danger or to avoid it. This “fight-or-flight” response is a healthy…

People with bipolar disorder experience unusually intense emotional states that occur in distinct periods called "mood episodes." Manic episodes consist of overly joyful or overexcited state, and depressive episodes consist of an extremely sad or hopeless state. Mood episodes can include symptoms of both mania and depression, called a mixed state.

Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms and Treatment

Bipolar disorder, formerly known as “manic-depressive disorder,” is mood disorder in which the individual most commonly experiences episodes of depression and episodes of mania. It is more common in women than men, with a ratio of approximately 3:2. The median age of onset for bipolar disorder is 25 years, with men having an earlier age…

For most people, pain is an automatic reflex that protects them from damaging stimulus like a hot stove or candle. For example, heat exposure activates pain receptors in the skin, which pass a signal along a sensory neuron to the spinal cord. This activates a motor neuron, which sends a signal to the muscles in the arm, causing it to contract. But nerve damage can send false signals that cause real pain, or prevent individuals from feeling pain when they are injured.

Neuropathic Pain Symptoms & Treatment

Nerve damage affects approximately 20 million Americans. There more than 100 different types of nerve damage with a range of different causes including compression, trauma, autoimmune diseases, diabetes, motor neuron diseases, nutritional deficiencies, infections, cancer and drug side effects and toxicities. Learn more about the symptoms of and treatments for neuropathic pain with this slideshow.

Patients with anorexia nervosa have an intense fear of gaining weight. They are severely underweight, but continue to restrict food intake despite being thin. Medical signs of anorexia are BMI less than 17.5, irregular or slow heartbeat, low BP, slow pulse rate and abnormal blood counts. Patients with anorexia tend to have a flat disposition and lack emotional expression.

Anorexia and Bulimia Warning Signs

Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are eating disorders that cause serious medical problems. Anorexia and bulimia frequently develop during adolescence or early adulthood, but can occur during childhood or later in adulthood. An estimated 8 million Americans – 7 million women and 1 million men – have an eating disorder. Malnutrition due to anorexia and…

Childhood ADHD is comprised of three types: hyperactive/impulsive type, inattentive type and combined type. Symptoms may include inability to pay attention or sit still; impulsivity; trouble listening to a speaker, following directions, finishing tasks or keeping track of personal items; excessive talking; and difficulty playing quietly.

Childhood ADHD Types & Treatments

Attention-deficit hyperactivity-disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurobehavioral childhood disorders, according to the CDC. American Psychiatric Association data reveal that between 3% and 7% of U.S. school age children have some form of ADHD as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria, and that prevalence has been increasing in…