Pain management programs rooted in the biopsychosocial approach lead to reduced pain.
Results of brain imaging studies demonstrate that “hypnosis influences all of the cortical areas and neurophysiological processes that underlie pain and emotions.”
Migraine was more significantly associated with muscle soreness or pain than anxiety disorders in patients with MDD.
Patients in the visual arm of the study wore flashing LED goggles delivering visual stimulation in the alpha-band range.
The major issues of drug development are that pre-clinical animal efficacy studies do not accurately predict human efficacy, and clinical trials often inaccurately fail to show drug efficacy.
The recovery time varies depending on which class of medication the patient is overusing.