Suicide & Self-Harm

Self-Harm, Suicidality Among Adolescents Associated With Poor Outcomes, Recurrent Clinical Care

Self-Harm, Suicidality Among Adolescents Associated With Poor Outcomes, Recurrent Clinical Care

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Youth with self-harm should be a prioritized group for assessment and targeted treatment.

Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School Students

Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School Students

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These findings demonstrate the importance of developing support systems within schools for gender-nonconforming students.

Correctional Psychiatry: Challenges and Rewards

Correctional Psychiatry: Challenges and Rewards

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Approximately 15% of incarcerated people have serious mental illness, although that number can vary depending on the type of illness.

Those Left Behind: Working With Suicide-Bereaved Families

Those Left Behind: Working With Suicide-Bereaved Families

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Rumination is common in individuals experiencing suicide bereavement and is unique compared with the responses to bereavement for other reasons.

Stress, Minority Status Associated With Higher Risk for Mental Health Diagnoses in College Students

Stress, Minority Status Associated With Higher Risk for Mental Health Diagnoses in College Students

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This research highlights the urgency of allocating proper psychiatric resources to college students, particularly those who belong to minority groups.

Transgender Boys, Nonbinary Adolescents Face Highest Suicide Risk by Gender

Transgender Boys, Nonbinary Adolescents Face Highest Suicide Risk by Gender

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Although the disproportionate suicide rate among transgender youth may be daunting, family acceptance and support are associated with reduced disparities in depression between transgender and cisgender children.

Suicide Attempt Risk Among LGB Populations Higher Than Previously Estimated

Suicide Attempt Risk Among LGB Populations Higher Than Previously Estimated

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Study results showed that when accounting for information bias in the context of socially stigmatized exposure and outcome, the estimated lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts is increased among sexual minorities.

Outpatient Engagement May Lower Suicide Attempts in Patients With Fibromyalgia

Outpatient Engagement May Lower Suicide Attempts in Patients With Fibromyalgia

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Researchers identified risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in patients with fibromyalgia.

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

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Clinicians may find these data useful in considering the mediating effects of family function and psychiatric comorbidities among patients with ADHD.

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

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Researchers sought to identify risk factors for recurrent suicide attempts, controlling for gender and addictive substance exposure.

Ketamine Infusions Reduce Suicidal Ideation in Depression: Characterizing Different Responses

Ketamine Infusions Reduce Suicidal Ideation in Depression: Characterizing Different Responses

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Researchers found 3 distinct subgroups of patients in relation to suicidal ideation and effects of ketamine, with one group's suicidal ideation completely eliminated and the other group's improvement independent of depressed mood.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Alter Suicidal Ideation in Anxiety Disorders

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Alter Suicidal Ideation in Anxiety Disorders

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Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety-related disorders was associated with improvements in suicide ideation rather than exacerbation.

Self-Injury Surpasses Diabetes as Cause of Death in United States

Self-Injury Surpasses Diabetes as Cause of Death in United States

In the United States, self-injury mortality exceeded diabetes as a cause of death in 2015, with the gap expanding in 2016.

Parental Religiosity May Lower Risk for Suicidal Ideation in Offspring

Parental Religiosity May Lower Risk for Suicidal Ideation in Offspring

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This study suggests that parental spirituality may affect offspring mental health, particularly regarding suicidal behaviors.

Predictors of Suicide Attempt and the Effect of Treatment-Seeking Behavior

Predictors of Suicide Attempt and the Effect of Treatment-Seeking Behavior

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Clinicians assessing individuals with major depressive episodes are urged to inquire about prior suicide attempts, recurrent thoughts of death, quality of life, and the severity of depressive symptomatology.

Most commonly used HIV drug worldwide not associated with increased risk for suicide in Uganda

Regarding both depression and suicide, no baseline differences were observed between patients exposed to efavirenz and nevirapine compared with those never exposed.

Traumatic brain injury associated with higher rate of suicide

In this retrospective study, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) was associated with a doubling in deaths by suicide, especially within the 6 months post-TBI.

TBI Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

TBI Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

Individuals with medical contact for traumatic brain injury have increased risk for suicide.

First-Episode Drug-Naive Patients With Schizophrenia More Likely to Attempt Suicide

First-Episode Drug-Naive Patients With Schizophrenia More Likely to Attempt Suicide

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Researchers found a suicide attempt rate of 12.0% in first-episode, drug-naive inpatients.

App-Supported Inpatient Intervention to Prevent Postdischarge Suicide Attempts

App-Supported Inpatient Intervention to Prevent Postdischarge Suicide Attempts

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The rate of suicide attempts in participants assigned to intervention plus treatment as usual was half of that in participants in the treatment as usual-alone group.

Neural Pattern Classifier Distinguishes Between Acute Suicidal Acts and Current Suicidal Thoughts

Neural Pattern Classifier Distinguishes Between Acute Suicidal Acts and Current Suicidal Thoughts

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The use of intrinsic brain activity to differentiate acute suicidal acts from current suicidal thoughts is a promising step toward the development of an objective measure of imminent suicide risk.

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

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Although emotional abuse and neglect may not be as easily detected as other forms of maltreatment, professionals must be aware of their long-term effect on nonsuicidal self-injury likelihood.

Safety Planning Intervention With Follow-Up Reduces Postdischarge Suicidal Behavior

Safety Planning Intervention With Follow-Up Reduces Postdischarge Suicidal Behavior

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The investigators argue that safety planning and active outreach, a set of low-burden strategies, are valuable elements in an effective suicide prevention program.

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

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These data highlight the necessity of more targeted interventions for patients with a history of high-risk behavior, such as self-harm or suicide ideation.

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

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Patients with these cardiovascular diseases would benefit from early psychiatric help.

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

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The researchers believe this study is the first to detect a statistically significant, unexpected inverse association between efavirenz use and depression.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

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The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

Suicide prevention needs to be a public health priority.

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

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These models substantially outperform existing tools for suicide prevention, indicating a potential need for modification of currently available interventions.

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide rates have increased significantly in the US since 1999.

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