Suicide & Self-Harm

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

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These data highlight the necessity of more targeted interventions for patients with a history of high-risk behavior, such as self-harm or suicide ideation.

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

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Patients with these cardiovascular diseases would benefit from early psychiatric help.

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

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The researchers believe this study is the first to detect a statistically significant, unexpected inverse association between efavirenz use and depression.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

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The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

Suicide prevention needs to be a public health priority.

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

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These models substantially outperform existing tools for suicide prevention, indicating a potential need for modification of currently available interventions.

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide rates have increased significantly in the US since 1999.

Suicide Risk in Black vs White Youths Significantly Mediated by Age

Suicide Risk in Black vs White Youths Significantly Mediated by Age

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These results challenge the public perception that suicide rates are uniformly higher among white children compared with black children.

Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine May Pose Fewer Psychiatric Risks Than Other Antiepileptic Drugs

Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine May Pose Fewer Psychiatric Risks Than Other Antiepileptic Drugs

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Carbamazepine, in particular, was associated with lower hazards for depression and anxiety in secondary analyses.

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.

Children's hospital visits for suicide ideation and attempts are increasing

The percentage of patients seen at children's hospitals for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts more than doubled between 2008 and 2015. The academic school year may play a role.

 Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

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Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Longer Breaks Between Deployments Decreased Suicide Risk in Soldiers

Longer Breaks Between Deployments Decreased Suicide Risk in Soldiers

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Analyses revealed that the likelihood of suicide attempts during or after second deployment were twice as high in soldiers whose first deployment occurred within their initial 12 months of service.

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

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A number of factors including chronic pain co-occurring with posttraumatic stress disorder and pain interference may predict suicidal ideation and violent impulses in US veterans with chronic pain.

Stricter state firearm laws associated with lower rates of firearm suicide and homicide

Strong state firearm laws were associated with lower firearm suicide and homicide rates and overall suicide rates regardless of surrounding state laws. States with weak firearm laws only had lower rates of firearm homicide if they were surrounded by states with strong laws.

Significant variation in mortality trends in substance use disorders among US counties

Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

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If approved, esketamine has the potential to be the first treatment for patients with major depressive disorder at imminent risk for suicide.

Child Irritability Correlated With Suicide Risk, Especially in Girls

Child Irritability Correlated With Suicide Risk, Especially in Girls

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Children who were described as both highly depressed/anxious and highly irritable were 2 times as likely to report suicidal thinking and attempts compared with children who exhibited neither depression nor irritability.

Late-Life Indicators of Suicidal Behavior Identified in Older Adults

Late-Life Indicators of Suicidal Behavior Identified in Older Adults

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Investigators sought to identify distinct pathways toward suicidal behaviors in older adults with major depression.

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Adolescents have an increased risk of suicide after nonfatal self-harm.

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

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Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.

Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Rates of Adverse Mental Health Outcomes

Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Rates of Adverse Mental Health Outcomes

Adverse mental health outcome rates are higher in adolescent cancer survivors.

Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide

Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide

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The majority of patients who commit suicide visit a healthcare provider within months of their death, representing an important opportunity to intercede and connect them with mental health resources.

Risk for Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm Increased After Bariatric Surgery

Risk for Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm Increased After Bariatric Surgery

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These results indicate the need for thorough preoperative psychiatric history assessment in patients considering bariatric surgery, as well as postoperative surveillance.

Childhood Abuse, Neglect Linked With Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

Childhood Abuse, Neglect Linked With Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

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Screening for childhood mistreatment can assess the risk for nonsuicidal self-injury.

Lithium Remains Underused for Mood Disorders in US Clinical Practice

Lithium Remains Underused for Mood Disorders in US Clinical Practice

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The use of lithium is underused for treating mood disorders.

Suicidal Behavior, Thoughts Associated With Perfectionist Tendencies

Suicidal Behavior, Thoughts Associated With Perfectionist Tendencies

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Perfectionist tendencies are positively associated with suicide attempts and ideation.

Frequent Cannabis Use Associated With Increased Likelihood of MDD

Frequent Cannabis Use Associated With Increased Likelihood of MDD

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Frequent cannabis use was shown to be associated with an increased risk of major depressive disorder and suicidal ideation.

FDA Grants Fast Track Status to Oral Treatment for Acute Suicidal Ideation

FDA Grants Fast Track Status to Oral Treatment for Acute Suicidal Ideation

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NRX-100 followed by NRX-101 has been granted Fast Track status by the Food and Drug Administration.

Higher Suicide Risk in Young Adults With Chronic Illness

Higher Suicide Risk in Young Adults With Chronic Illness

Young adults with diseases such as asthma, are 4 times more likely to attempt suicide.

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