Personality Disorders

Updates in Borderline Personality Disorder: Your Questions Answered

Updates in Borderline Personality Disorder: Your Questions Answered

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Borderline personality disorder, a disorder that is often misunderstood by the general public, also raises questions for psychiatrists.

High Psychopathy Scores Associated With Lower Self-Reported Empathy Levels

High Psychopathy Scores Associated With Lower Self-Reported Empathy Levels

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The researchers hypothesize that empathy induction activities could increase prosocial behavior among violent offenders.

TMS Device Cleared to Treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

TMS Device Cleared to Treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain.

Improving Psychotherapy Dosing for Comorbid Depression and Personality Disorders

Improving Psychotherapy Dosing for Comorbid Depression and Personality Disorders

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Researchers are conducting a trial to determine whether 25 or 50 psychotherapy sessions in a year will be more effective at reducing symptoms of depression in patients with personality disorders.

Examining Whether Adjunctive Glutamatergic Medication Further Eases OCD Symptoms

Examining Whether Adjunctive Glutamatergic Medication Further Eases OCD Symptoms

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Researchers examined whether adjunctive gabapentin or memantine and standard treatment with a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) might lead to further improvements in patients with OCD.

FDA Permits Marketing of Brain Stimulation Device for OCD

FDA Permits Marketing of Brain Stimulation Device for OCD

A brain stimulation device to treat OCD has received approval for marketing by the US Food and Drug Administration.

Factors That Predict Treatment Outcomes, Remission in Pediatric OCD

Factors That Predict Treatment Outcomes, Remission in Pediatric OCD

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These results identify several predictive factors for remission in children with OCD and may be useful for clinicians in tailoring their treatment approach, although the impact of adjunctive d-cycloserine requires further investigation.

OCD Associated With Socioeconomic Factors and Mental Health Comorbidities

OCD Associated With Socioeconomic Factors and Mental Health Comorbidities

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A lower socioeconomic status, childhood maltreatment, and the presence of comorbid mental health conditions were associated with diagnosed OCD in the studied Canadian population.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Ethical Questions and Surgical Contraindications

Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Ethical Questions and Surgical Contraindications

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The potential consequences of providing cosmetic treatment to a patient with BDD can extend beyond ethical concerns.

Cognitive Therapy Plus Exposure and Response Prevention Effective in OCD

Cognitive Therapy Plus Exposure and Response Prevention Effective in OCD

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The treatment led to significantly greater symptom relief and belief reduction compared with exposure and response prevention.

Perimenstrual Symptom Exacerbation Observed in Borderline Personality Disorder

Perimenstrual Symptom Exacerbation Observed in Borderline Personality Disorder

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These data highlight potential risk periods for emotional symptom worsening in borderline personality disorder.

Concise Questionnaire Found Consistent, Reliable at Monitoring OCD

Concise Questionnaire Found Consistent, Reliable at Monitoring OCD

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The Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-9 may also potentially be used outside of intensive care settings, such as in longitudinal research.

Effectiveness of Inpatient Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder

Effectiveness of Inpatient Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder

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The prevalence of borderline personality disorder is estimated to between 15% and 20% in inpatient settings.

Lamotrigine Similar to Placebo in Treating Borderline Personality Disorder

Lamotrigine Similar to Placebo in Treating Borderline Personality Disorder

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The authors discouraged physicians from the prescription of lamotrigine, despite the "considerable pressure" that may be created by its recommendation in certain textbooks.

Politically Focused Thoughts, Behaviors Tied to Psychopathology

Politically Focused Thoughts, Behaviors Tied to Psychopathology

Politically focused intrusive thoughts and associated ritualistic behaviors are associated with measures of psychopathology and disability.

Interventions to Improve Social Outcomes in Offenders With Personality Disorders

Interventions to Improve Social Outcomes in Offenders With Personality Disorders

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It is unknown whether training in emotional, social, and practical skills generalize to the "real world" setting once offenders are released.

Borderline Personality Disorder: Not Just an Adult Condition

Borderline Personality Disorder: Not Just an Adult Condition

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Over the past 10 years, a strong research base has been mounting supporting the concept of a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder in teens.

Re-evaluation of Fear Processing in Psychopathy: New Evidence and Application to Other Psychiatric Disorders

Re-evaluation of Fear Processing in Psychopathy: New Evidence and Application to Other Psychiatric Disorders

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This is the first meta-analysis to examine subjective emotion experience in psychopathy.

Do Personality Disorders Increase Obesity Risk?

Do Personality Disorders Increase Obesity Risk?

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Assessment of comorbid personality disorder could be key to successful weight loss strategies.

Therapists' Fear of Borderline Personality Disorder Persists

Therapists' Fear of Borderline Personality Disorder Persists

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Many clinicians are apprehensive about the risk associated with symptoms of BPD, such as self-harm and suicidal behavior.

Bullied Preemies At Greater Risk for Mental Illness as Adults

Bullied Preemies At Greater Risk for Mental Illness as Adults

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Preemies may possess elevated levels of characteristics that put them at risk for peer victimization, including more anxiety and depression.

Women, Chronic Psychiatric Patients Seek Out Assisted Suicide the Most

Women, Chronic Psychiatric Patients Seek Out Assisted Suicide the Most

Patients are usually women; most have chronic, severe conditions with histories of suicide.

Internet-Based CBT Best for Body Dysmorphia

Internet-Based CBT Best for Body Dysmorphia

Superior to online supportive therapy for symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder.

Psychiatric Disorders Have Increased in Declining Smoker Population

Psychiatric Disorders Have Increased in Declining Smoker Population

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Nicotine-dependent smokers who began smoking in the 1980s were more likely than older smokers to have a psychiatric condition, such as bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder, or ADHD.

Psychotherapy Impacts Neural Circuits in Personality Disorder

Psychotherapy Impacts Neural Circuits in Personality Disorder

Transference-focused psychotherapy is associated with alterations in frontolimbic circuitry in borderline personality disorder.

Effective Therapies for Trichotillomania

Effective Therapies for Trichotillomania

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Researchers found significant improvements in hair-pulling symptoms with both "decoupling" and progressive muscle relaxation.

OCD Patients Who Fail on Meds Helped By Exposure Therapy

OCD Patients Who Fail on Meds Helped By Exposure Therapy

By the end of the exposure and response prevention therapy treatment, more than half of the patients with OCD were considered excellent responders.

A Primer on Intermittent Explosive Disorder

A Primer on Intermittent Explosive Disorder

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IED has comorbidities, including mood disorders, lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and substance abuse.

Bad Spiritual Beliefs Can Negatively Impact Mental Health

Bad Spiritual Beliefs Can Negatively Impact Mental Health

Those in the negative spirituality group reported significantly worse pain as well as worse physical and mental health.

Bisexual Women Have High Rates of Eating Disorders

Bisexual Women Have High Rates of Eating Disorders

Homosexual and bisexual men had higher rates of eating disorders than straight men.

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