Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Younger Gestational Age Associated With Symptoms of ADHD in Children

Younger Gestational Age Associated With Symptoms of ADHD in Children

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These findings illustrate potential gains of reducing the number of preterm births and the importance of providing custom support to children born preterm to prevent neurodevelopmental problems.

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

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Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.

In Children, Food Insecurity Tied to Behavior, Cognition

In Children, Food Insecurity Tied to Behavior, Cognition

Food insecurity may be linked to behavioral problems and poorer cognitive performance in children.

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

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The high risk for several neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders supports more extended use of genetic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry.

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

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Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

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Medication continuity in youth with ADHD is affected by several potentially modifiable factors that could be productive targets of intervention for pediatricians.

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

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These findings offer preliminary evidence of the validity of the short UPPS-P-C to screen for impulsivity traits in both typically developing children and in those with ADHD.

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

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While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Mindfulness, Psychoeducation Effective Treatments for Working Memory in Adult ADHD

Mindfulness, Psychoeducation Effective Treatments for Working Memory in Adult ADHD

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The results of the study point to effective alternatives to psychopharmacologic treatments with methylphenidate for patients who experience nonresponse, contraindications, or adverse events, or for patients who prefer nonpsychopharmacologic treatments.

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

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Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.

Behavior Therapy Reduces Tic Severity, But Less for Youth with ADHD

Behavior Therapy Reduces Tic Severity, But Less for Youth with ADHD

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Antipsychotics have been shown to reduce tic severity, as has behavior therapy. However, the mechanisms behind the efficacy of behavior therapy have yet to be clarified by research.

Examining the Effects of Maternal Cholesterol Levels on Risk for ADHD in Offspring

Examining the Effects of Maternal Cholesterol Levels on Risk for ADHD in Offspring

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These findings may raise new hypotheses for understanding the origins of ADHD, gender differences, and future targets in the prevention of ADHD.

Perinatal Use of Acetaminophen May Lead to Language Delays in Children

Perinatal Use of Acetaminophen May Lead to Language Delays in Children

There is a link between language delays in girls, and acetaminophen use in pregnancy.

Neurobehavioral Performance Impaired by JIA and Comorbid OSA

Neurobehavioral Performance Impaired by JIA and Comorbid OSA

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The study's lead investigator said prior research shows a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in school-age children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Microcephaly Associated With Significant Developmental Deficits

Microcephaly Associated With Significant Developmental Deficits

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Infants with postnatal etiology showed worse developmental deficits across all domains.

Arbaclofen May Benefit Some Patients With Autism

Arbaclofen May Benefit Some Patients With Autism

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Study results suggest continued study of arbaclofen for autism spectrum disorder.

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

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Autism is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder that is approximately 4 times more prevalent in males than females.

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

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Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.

Autism: Does Race, Sex Affect Risk of Younger Siblings With Affected Older Siblings?

Autism: Does Race, Sex Affect Risk of Younger Siblings With Affected Older Siblings?

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While past studies have shown that younger siblings with an affected older sibling are at higher risk of autism, these findings have not been evaluated in a large, racially and ethnically diverse population.

Increase in Treatment of Children with Autism Remains Modest Following Insurance Mandates

Increase in Treatment of Children with Autism Remains Modest Following Insurance Mandates

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The longer autism spectrum disorder insurance mandates remained in place, the more that mandate-associated treated prevalence increased.

In Vitro Modeling of Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism

In Vitro Modeling of Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism

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In vitro assays hold promise as diagnostic tools in complex neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism.

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

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Neuropsychological findings indicate that similar executive functions are affected in ADHD and OCD, but new neuroimaging data indicate differences exist in brain structure and function.

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Progression of infant motor development is associated with cognitive ability in later childhood.

ADHD Symptoms in Adulthood Vary Based on Work Environment

ADHD Symptoms in Adulthood Vary Based on Work Environment

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While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments such as medication, psychotherapy, education, or training can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning.

CDC Report: Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis Was "Entirely Preventable"

CDC Report: Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis Was "Entirely Preventable"

The city's water supply was poisoned with lead as a result of corrosion of leaded pipes.

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