Neurocognitive Disorders

Abstinence From Regular Cannabis Use Improves Memory Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Abstinence From Regular Cannabis Use Improves Memory Among Adolescents, Young Adults

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Future studies need to determine whether improvement in cognition with abstinence is associated with improvement in academic and other functional outcomes.

Dementia Often Misclassified With Brief Cognitive Assessments

Dementia Often Misclassified With Brief Cognitive Assessments

When using brief cognitive assessments, dementia is often misclassified.

Mortality Rates in Parkinson Disease Psychosis With Pimavanserin, Quetiapine

Mortality Rates in Parkinson Disease Psychosis With Pimavanserin, Quetiapine

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In patients with Parkinson disease psychosis, treatment with pimavanserin has a lower risk for mortality compared with quetiapine or combination therapy.

Feeling Young May Be Reflected in Brain Structure

Feeling Young May Be Reflected in Brain Structure

People who feel younger than their age show fewer signs of brain aging than those who feel their age or older than their age.

Worse Cognitive Outcomes Associated With CMV Antibodies Following ART for HIV

Worse Cognitive Outcomes Associated With CMV Antibodies Following ART for HIV

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Investigators sought to determine the association between antiretroviral therapy and cytomegalovirus infection in individuals with HIV, as well as the potential impact of both on neurocognitive performance.

Low Serum Sodium Linked to Cognitive Decline in Older Men

Low Serum Sodium Linked to Cognitive Decline in Older Men

126 to 140 mmol/L was linked to increased odds of prevalent cognitive impairment and decline in older men.

Predicting Progression From Normal Cognition to Mild Cognitive Impairment

Predicting Progression From Normal Cognition to Mild Cognitive Impairment

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There are a handful of biomarkers that offer potential value for predicting the risk for development of MCI symptoms from AD symptoms.

Intervention Improves Quality of Life, Agitation in Nursing Home Patients With Dementia

Intervention Improves Quality of Life, Agitation in Nursing Home Patients With Dementia

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Patients randomly assigned to the intervention experienced a statistically significant improvement in quality of life, agitation, and overall neuropsychiatric symptoms.

Goal-Oriented Cognitive Rehabilitation vs As-Usual Care Outcomes in Parkinson Disease

Goal-Oriented Cognitive Rehabilitation vs As-Usual Care Outcomes in Parkinson Disease

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Cognitive rehabilitation may be an effective therapy for Parkinson-associated dementias.

AAN Issues New Guidelines for Treatment of Mild Cognitive Impairment

AAN Issues New Guidelines for Treatment of Mild Cognitive Impairment

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The AAN has issued new recommended guidelines for treating mild cognitive impairment.

High BMI Associated With Increased Risk of Dementia

High BMI Associated With Increased Risk of Dementia

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Higher BMI was linked to an increased risk of dementia when weight was measured 20 years before dementia diagnosis.

Alzheimer Disease and Associated Comorbidities: Investigating Modifiable Risk Factors

Alzheimer Disease and Associated Comorbidities: Investigating Modifiable Risk Factors

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Obesity and associated comorbidities are seen to be potential contributers to Alzheimer disease pathophysiology.

Does Alcohol Use Increase Cognitive Impairment in HIV-Positive Individuals?

Does Alcohol Use Increase Cognitive Impairment in HIV-Positive Individuals?

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HIV-positive patients with higher alcohol consumption levels did worse on several neurocognitive tests, however alcohol was not the primary factor.

Early Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery May Lead to Improved Cognitive Outcomes

Early Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery May Lead to Improved Cognitive Outcomes

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In order to maximize cognitive benefits in patients with epilepsy, early consideration of and evaluation for epilepsy surgery is key.

Neuropsychiatric Outcomes in Childhood Epilepsy Predicted by Seizure Frequency

Neuropsychiatric Outcomes in Childhood Epilepsy Predicted by Seizure Frequency

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Findings suggest that children with BECTS is predictive of neuropsychological outcomes, not age of first seizure.

Patients With Excessive Daytime Sleepiness May Benefit From Sodium Oxybate

Patients With Excessive Daytime Sleepiness May Benefit From Sodium Oxybate

Sodium oxybate seems to be well tolerated in patients with Parkinson's disease and excessive daytime sleepiness.

Anesthesia for Surgery and Subsequent Onset of Cognitive Dysfunction

Anesthesia for Surgery and Subsequent Onset of Cognitive Dysfunction

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Results from animal studies have been showing that anesthetics may be neurotoxic and could lead to cognitive dysfunction.

Cardiovascular Risk Management May Slow Neurocognitive Decline in HIV

Cardiovascular Risk Management May Slow Neurocognitive Decline in HIV

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HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder is a term used to describe a range of neurocognitive dysfunction issues linked to HIV infection.

Subjective Cognitive Decline Linked to Alzheimer Biomarker

Subjective Cognitive Decline Linked to Alzheimer Biomarker

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There were associations found between SCD and region-specific tauopathy.

Is Hypertension Linked to an Increased Risk of Dementia?

Is Hypertension Linked to an Increased Risk of Dementia?

A recently published study reports that women who develop high blood pressure in their 40s could be at a higher risk for developing dementia later in life.

Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease Accurately Predicted by Algorithm

Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease Accurately Predicted by Algorithm

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A new analytic model can now predict cognitive decline within 10 years of onset PD.

Families Shoulder Majority of Dementia Care Costs

Families Shoulder Majority of Dementia Care Costs

For individuals with dementia, lifetime care costs are increased.

Better Diagnostics Needed for Milder Neurocognitive Disorders Linked to HIV

Better Diagnostics Needed for Milder Neurocognitive Disorders Linked to HIV

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New data were presented at the IAS Conference, pertaining to predictive factors and cognitive screening for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.

Brain Changes Encourage Chance of Financial Exploitation in Seniors

Brain Changes Encourage Chance of Financial Exploitation in Seniors

Neural changes can lead to potential financial exploitation in older adults.

Opioid Receptors May Affect Later Pain Processing

Opioid Receptors May Affect Later Pain Processing

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This study suggests a link between high reward receptor responses in the striatal cortex and expression of pain complaints 2 years later.

CNS Symptoms Apparent After Head Impacts in Soccer

CNS Symptoms Apparent After Head Impacts in Soccer

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Head impacts in soccer are independently associated with moderate to very severe central nervous system (CNS) symptoms.

Methylphenidate & CBT Benefits TBI Patients with Cognitive Problems

Methylphenidate & CBT Benefits TBI Patients with Cognitive Problems

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These preliminary findings suggest that combined treatment with MAAT and methylphenidate can improve attention, episodic and working memory, and executive functioning following traumatic brain injury.

Exploring Possible Causes of Decreasing Dementia Rates In the US

Exploring Possible Causes of Decreasing Dementia Rates In the US

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Better management of cardiovascular risk factors and higher levels of education may have contributed to this improvement.

Advancing Pain Management: Human Studies

Advancing Pain Management: Human Studies

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Research on monogenic disorders has made vital contributions to all aspects of medical care, including our understanding of pain pathophysiology.

Medication Overuse Headache: Diagnosis & Treatment

Medication Overuse Headache: Diagnosis & Treatment

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The recovery time varies depending on which class of medication the patient is overusing.

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