Generic Name and Formulations:
Sargramostim (recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, or rhu GM-CSF) 250mcg; per vial; pwd for SC inj or IV infusion after reconstitution; preservative-free.
Sanofi Genzyme Company
Indications for LEUKINE:
To speed neutrophil recovery and reduce infections after induction chemotherapy in treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in patients >55 years of age. To mobilize hematopoietic progenitor cells into peripheral blood for collection by leukapheresis. To speed myeloid recovery in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and Hodgkin's disease in autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT). To speed myeloid recovery in allogeneic BMT. Patients with BMT failure or engraftment delay.
See full labeling for timing and duration of dosing, and for repeat courses of therapy. Individualize. Neutrophil recovery: 250mcg/m2 per day IV over 4 hrs. Mobilization or post peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation: 250mcg/m2 per day IV over 24 hrs or SC once daily. Myeloid recovery after BMT: 250mcg/m2 per day IV over 2 hrs. BMT failure or engraftment delay: 250mcg/m2 per day IV over 2 hrs for 14 days.
See full labeling.
Excessive leukemic myeloid blasts in bone marrow or peripheral blood (≥10%). Allergy to GM-CMF or yeast-derived products. Concomitant (within 24 hrs) chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
Fluid retention, pleural or pericardial effusions. Pulmonary infiltrates. Respiratory disease or symptoms. Hypoxia. Reduce infusion rate by ½ if dyspnea occurs; discontinue if dyspnea worsens. Cardiac disease. CHF. Renal or hepatic dysfunction (monitor before and every other week during therapy). Monitor CBC and differential twice weekly. Reduce dose by ½ or discontinue if absolute neutrophil count exceeds 20,000cells/mm3 or if platelet count exceeds 500,000cells/mm3. Use for shortest duration required. Myeloid malignancies. Monitor body weight and hydration. Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers.
Caution with lithium, corticosteroids, others that may enhance myeloproliferative effects. May be antagonized by radiotherapy, myelotoxic drugs.
Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (recombinant).
Flu-like symptoms, GI disturbances, edema, dyspnea, pharyngitis, rash, joint or bone or chest pain, eye hemorrhage, hypomagnesemia, anxiety, headache, pleural +/or pericardial effusion, arthralgia, myalgia, others.
Sign Up for Free e-newsletters
Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- Adjunctive Therapies for Bipolar Disorder Show Promise, Need More Evidence
- Predicting Treatment-Emergent Mania to Tailor Pharmacotherapy in Bipolar Disorder
- Abnormalities of Cortical Thickness in Bipolar Disorder With Auditory Hallucinations
- Antidepressants Increase Seizure Risk in Youth and Severely Depressed
- Prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder Remains High In US Population
- The Way to the Head May Be Through the Gut: Probiotics for Depression
- Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide
- Agoraphobia: An Evolving Understanding of Definitions and Treatment
- Parental Pressure to Diet Linked With Long-term Harm in Adolescents
- Does Access to Medical Cannabis Reduce Risk for Opioid Abuse?
- Evidence of Methylphenidate Abuse: Characterizing Patterns of Use in Pediatric and Adult Populations
- Intranasal Oxytocin Reduces Negative Effects, Improves Cognitive Function in Schizophrenia
- Most Patients Comfortable With Clinicians Asking About Sexual Orientation
- Peer-to-Peer Depression Awareness Program May Be Beneficial
- Examining Rates of Long-term Opioid Use in Youth With Psychiatric Disorders