HealthDay News — Stimulus control therapy and sleep restriction therapy are viable single-component treatments for chronic insomnia, according to a study published in the June issue of Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing.

Souraya Sidani, Ph.D., from the Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing at Ryerson University in Toronto, and colleagues compared the effect of three single-component therapies (sleep education and hygiene, stimulus control therapy, or sleep restriction therapy) and one multiple-component therapy on short-term sleep outcomes among 517 persons with chronic insomnia.

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The researchers found that sleep education and hygiene was least effective, while stimulus control therapy, sleep restriction therapy, and multiple-component therapy were moderately effective. For perceived insomnia severity and some sleep parameters, stimulus control therapy and sleep restriction therapy demonstrated slightly higher remission rates than multiple-component therapy.

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“Single-component insomnia treatment may be more convenient to implement in the primary care setting due to the reduced number of treatment recommendations compared to multiple-component therapy,” the authors write.

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