Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a widely used nonpharmacologic treatment for insomnia disorders and an analysis of the medical literature suggests it also can work for patients whose insomnia is coupled with psychiatric and medical conditions, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.
Previous meta-analyses have suggested that cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia can improve sleep, although many of these studies excluded individuals with co-existing psychiatric and medical conditions.
Jason C. Ong, Ph.D., of Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, and coauthors reviewed medical literature to examine the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in patients with psychiatric conditions (including alcohol dependence, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder) and/or medical conditions (including chronic pain, cancer and fibromyalgia). The authors included 37 studies with data from 2,189 participants in their final analysis.
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