Children with epilepsy face a number of challenges, including an increased risk of cognitive impairment.

That’s the takeaway from three studies presented at the American Epilepsy Society’s (AES) 69th Annual Meeting.

To explore how cognitive milestones develop in children with epilepsy compared with their healthy peers, researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of California-Irvine turned to techniques from a branch of mathematics known as graph theory in the first study.

The researchers administered a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests to 178 children ranging in age from eight to 18, including 104 children with new or recent-onset epilepsy and 74 of their normally developing cousins.

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