A job description that includes hiring and firing authority appears to affect women and men differently. In a new study, researchers discovered that having job authority increases symptoms of depression among women, but decreases them among men.

“Women with job authority — the ability to hire, fire, and influence pay — have significantly more symptoms of depression than women without this power,” said Tetyana Pudrovska, an assistant professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Texas at Austin. “In contrast, men with job authority have fewer symptoms of depression than men without such power.”

The study, “Gender, Job Authority, and Depression,” has been published in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

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