Exposure to air pollution may have adverse effects on cognitive aging and brain health in older adults.
In older women, objectively measured visual impairment is associated with a twofold to more than fivefold increased risk for dementia.
Patients with psychiatric disorders are another population that may be more exposed to COVID-19, and the secondary effects of the pandemic may detract from ongoing treatment, thus worsening overall mental health.
Focused eating habits with high processed meats and unhealthy snacking may be associated with increased dementia risk.
Most community-dwelling older adults with newly identified dementia die or are admitted to a long-term care home within five years.
Researchers suggested the Act-Belong-Commit mental health promotion campaign as a possible intervention given its focus on staying physically and mentally active and maintaining social connections.
The study authors noted that the pattern of poor mental health trajectories in older adults is mirrored in younger adults, ages 35 to 59 years, suggesting that these trends may be related to declining economic opportunity in the late 2000s.
Depressive symptoms arising in the final year of life were greater among women, young adults, and nonwhite adults.
For older adults, a higher rate of hospitalizations is associated with more rapid cognitive decline.
Although 11.0% of individuals taking antidepressants developed dementia, only 2.6% of the unexposed sample went on to be diagnosed with dementia.