For transgender individuals with a diagnosis of gender incongruence, increased time since last gender-affirming surgery is associated with reduced mental health treatment.
Investigators sought to assess risk factors associated with poor mental health in Chinese transgender and gender-nonbinary adolescents.
A 2- to 4-fold higher prevalence of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, self-injury, and suicidality was reported in gender minority students compared with their cisgender counterparts.
The prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury ranged from 38.04 to 52.97 percent for sexual-minority youth between 2005 and 2017.
Transgender adults are more likely to report diminished health-related quality of life.
As non-binary gender becomes more mainstream, it’s important for physicians to create a welcoming, care-centered environment for patients who identify as such.
Primary care providers are well positioned to provide critical support and personalized care for youth with gender dysphoria and their caregivers or families.
While all the sexual minority groups had an increased risk for suicide attempt compared with heterosexuals, transgender youths were at the highest risk.
These findings demonstrate the importance of developing support systems within schools for gender-nonconforming students.
Gender nonconformity is associated with mental distress for female and male students.