Emerging research suggests that when infants and children are raised in a sterile environment of psychosocial neglect, cortical development is slowed, increasing the risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Over the past decades, the world has observed tragic examples where the failure of institutions to meet the needs of infants for social contact and stimulation has led to the failure of these infants to thrive. University of Washington research on children who began life in overcrowded Romanian orphanages shows that early childhood neglect is associated with changes in brain structure.

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