Aspects of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may persist into adulthood, even when current diagnostic measures fail to identify its presence, according to new research published in the journal European Child Adolescent Psychiatry.
The findings show that young adults who had been diagnosed with ADHD in adolescence have differences in brain structure and perform poorly in memory tests compared to their peers.
Some experts have speculated that as the brain develops in adulthood, children may grow out of ADHD, but until now there has been minimal rigorous research to support this.
So far, most studies that have followed up on children and adolescents with ADHD into adulthood have focused on interview-based assessments, leaving questions of brain structure and function unanswered.
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