Prescription opioid misuse is more common among binge drinkers, with the prevalence of opioid misuse increasing with binge drinking frequency.
Although some pharmacological agents may help improve abstinence and treatment retention in patients with cocaine use disorder, the majority of these drugs are ineffective for treating this condition.
Children of parents with opioid use had a 2-fold increased risk for suicide attempts vs children of matched controls.
Only one-third of Philadelphia pharmacies carry naloxone nasal spray and many pharmacies require a physician’s prescription.
The Opioid Safety Initiative has been effective for decreasing opioid prescriptions among patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.
For callers reporting heroin use, many buprenorphine prescribers do not offer new appointments or rapid access to buprenorphine.
For adolescents and young adults, the rate of opioid prescribing in emergency departments is high.
Integrated stepped alcohol treatment (ISAT) reduces alcohol consumption in patients with HIV and a known drinking problem.
Buprenorphine treatment may be more available to individuals who are white, use self-pay, or have private insurance.
Patients at high risk of opioid overdose rarely receive prescriptions for naloxone, despite many interactions with the health care system.