Study findings suggest that the brain age index may be an effective biomarker associated with dementia. It could also be used as a screening tool for the presence of underlying neurodegenerative disease and for the monitoring of disease progression.
Alcohol use decreased, but marijuana use and co-use of marijuana and alcohol increased from 2002 to 2018 in US young adults.
Examining whether an early career episode of burnout has long-term consequences on cognitive functions, symptoms of depression, and insomnia for nurses a decade after graduation.
Researchers analyzed autopsy brain tissue from confirmed obstructive sleep apnea cases for amyloid beta and tau, hallmark proteins of Alzheimer disease.
Women are 3 times more likely to be treated for a mood disorder, depression, or anxiety than for ADHD compared with men.
For US adults with problem substance use who use nonmedical opioids, the odds of opioid use are increased on days when cannabis is used.
Criticism perceived in an individual’s own environment may influence the response to criticism from a third-party perspective.
Both insufficient and excessive sleep are associated with faster cognitive decline compared with sleeping approximately 7 hours per night.
Examining the potential shared genetic liability of sleep deficits and cannabis use behaviors using multiple genomic methods.
Implementation of complimentary, alternative, and integrative medicine can help improve patient symptoms in scenarios where conservative treatments have failed.
One of the first studies to follow a large, population-based, cohort sample of children into adolescence in order to evaluate the natural history of insomnia symptoms and a broad number of relevant clinically and objectively assessed risk factors.
Insomnia with objective short sleep duration has been previously associated with adverse cardiometabolic health outcomes, as well as poorer cognitive performance in otherwise noncognitively impaired adults. However, studies demonstrating an increased prevalence of cognitive impairment in this insomnia phenotype are lacking.
As effective insomnia interventions addressing autonomic dysregulation are lacking, investigators evaluated high-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) in a randomized, controlled clinical trial.
Examining the mechanisms that could explain the relationship between adolescents’ sleep difficulties and non-suicidal self-injury.
A review of relevant literature looked at the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and adverse COVID-19 outcomes.
Reporting on three cases of successful transition from low dose sublingual buprenorphine to a single injection of 100 mg extended release buprenorphine.
Individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face higher financial distress and subsequent suicide risk.
Opioid products approved by the FDA between 1997 and 2018 relied on short- or intermediate-term studies that did not adequately analyze safety outcomes.
For nonelderly patients with depression, augmentation with newer antipsychotics is associated with an increased mortality risk.
Examining the risk of future dementia associated with overall alcohol consumption andalcohol-induced loss of consciousness amongst current drinkers.
The primary hypothesis, formulated after data collection but before analysis, was that poor prenatal family functioning would be associated with smaller hippocampal and amygdala volumes in late childhood.
Some of the major theories behind why Black patients have seemingly worse outcomes than White patients cite racism, not race, as the root of the problem.
A machine learning-based risk calculator may help predict bipolar disorder at age 22 years by using information collected at a visit at age 18 years.
While the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is generally lower among Black individuals compared with the general population, black individuals living in countries where they are considered a minority population group are underrepresented in studies evaluating ADHD.
Investigators revealed distinct neuronal and non-neuronal epigenetic signatures and identified a locus in the proximity of the gene encoding tyrosine kinase FYN as the most affected region in neurons.
Acute stress and depressive symptoms have increased as COVID-19 deaths increased across the United States, with COVID-19-related media exposure and secondary stressors associated with these symptoms.
Researchers performed a double-blind randomized study to investigate the efficacy of tDCS as an augmentation strategy to sertraline in the treatment of vascular depression.
The COVID-19 pandemic and the policies to contain it are pervasive, but the effects on depression symptoms are largely unknown.
Preterm and postterm birth are associated with an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder.
Exploring the relationships between the discrepancy facet of perfectionism, time spent on academic tasks, task-related and overall anxiety, and general psychological well-being in high-achieving university students.
There are concerns exist that the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in adults, but the evidence for children and adolescents is limited.
When talking about work issues, Dr Bernstein recommends trying not to focus too much on how awful things are because it can be disheartening.
Individuals with autism have increased health risks even when considering lifestyle factors.
These findings have important implications to mitigate the effect of early-life stress and promote life-course mental health through dealing with childhood intrafamilial aggression and peer bullying experiences.
Adults with chronic back pain who had adverse allergic reactions to NSAIDs are at higher risk for developing an opioid use disorder.
Researchers explored the occurrence of sleep disturbances, fatigue, and anxiety/depression in patients with psoriatic arthritis.
Researchers at the University of Michigan sought to identify the percentage of older adults who may have experienced isolation or loneliness during the COVID-19 pandemic in their National Poll on Healthy Aging.
There have been few studies that have examined the specificity of mood disorder subtypes among the children of parents with both major subtypes of mood disorders and controls based on prospective tracking across the transition from childhood to adulthood.
Suicide mortality risk was assessed through data obtained from the US Veterans Affairs/Department of Defense Mortality Data Repository.
An analysis to assess the effect of a PGx-guided drug therapy on the length of hospitalization, severity of depression, and number of antidepressant switches.
Alcohol use disorder hospitalizations increased from 1998 to 2016, while in-hospital mortality for patients hospitalized with Alcohol use disorder decreased.
The eligibility criteria of the studies include: a maximum of 10 years having passed from the study publication, geographical diversity of the studies performed, and results pertaining both to animal models of AD, and to humans.
Researchers conducted a prospective study in immigrant and non-immigrant populations to assess undiagnosed depression, persistent depressive symptoms, and mental health care assistance.
Benzodiazepines are widely used to treat a variety of conditions including anxiety disorders, insomnia and seizures.
There is great variation in the treatment of mental illness in adolescents.
Patients received 40 Hz gamma tACS to provide data on the use of varying stimulation periods.
The relationship of palmoplantar plaque psoriasis and comorbidities known to be associated with generalized plaque psoriasis were examined.
There is an inverted U-shaped association between sleep duration and global cognitive decline.
Women who stopped antidepressant treatment during pregnancy and resumed in the following weeks had a rebound effect of increased prescription of benzodiazepines and anxiolytics.
Ongoing COVID-19 studies may not be paying attention to the risk factors of insomnia. In this study, the prevalence of insomnia and its contributing factors in a general public sample was documented.