Individuals taking extended-release injection naltrexone for opioid use disorder may be less likely to drop out of treatment after a single use of opioids compared with patients receiving placebo.
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have differences in the brain that limit appropriate responses to “stop cues.”
Children in states with statewide child psychiatric telephone consultation programs are significantly more likely to receive mental health services than children in states without such programs.
Individuals representing some of the nation’s preeminent medical organizations have called for “reasonable, evidence-based solutions” to reduce injury and death related to firearms.
Warning letters about 44 flavored e-liquid and hookah tobacco products being sold illegally in the United States have been sent to four companies.
Professional coaching can reduce emotional exhaustion, improve overall quality of life, and build resilience among physicians.
Regional variation in naloxone dispensing considerable; rates lowest in most rural counties.
The author investigates the use of a regional state unrepresented patient advocacy committee as an alternative to appointing legal guardians or using physicians as decision makers.
Social problems were related to subclinical delusions but not subclinical hallucinations in a representative adolescent population.
A short-term cognitive behavioral therapy program was associated with improvements in self-reported symptoms, time spent online, and psychosocial functioning.
Based on their findings, the authors concluded that further research is needed to better understand the long term effects of CAM therapy for depression.
In 2017, the age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths was higher in urban than rural counties.
Variation in autism spectrum disorder occurrence may be due to genetic influences, rather than maternal or environmental effects.
“We found that vitamin D supplementation may alleviate ADHD symptoms, which were supported by improvements in ADHD total scores, inattention scores, hyperactivity scores, and behavior scores,” the authors stated.
Prenatal opioid exposure may be associated with poorer cognitive and motor development in children from age 6 months to adolescence.
Patients want more information from physicians on self-care.
Results from the first 2 phases of the MARIGOLD pilot study showed high acceptance of the online self-guided depression intervention.
Objectively measured cognition in patients with bipolar disorder was directly associated with performance-based functional capacity, but not with interview-based or self-reported functional capacity.
An estimated 20 million people in the United States meet the criteria for substance use disorder.
More than 10% of US adults aged 65 years and older are estimated to be current binge drinkers.
National norms have been developed for assessing empathy among men and women at different levels of medical school education.
Three components of mental health interventions aimed at adolescents had significant effects over multiple outcomes: interpersonal skills, emotional regulation, and alcohol and drug education.
Anxiety and/or depression in patients with asthma were associated with worse health-related quality of life.
Higher affective well-being was associated not only with greater longevity but also with healthier aging without chronic disease or disability.
Overall, US older adults who reported longer sleep duration have poorer objective and subjective cognitive performance.
For youth with ADHD, stimulants have strong protective effects on functional outcomes.
Although not definitive, results suggest that biases linking surgery with men and family medicine with women may be widespread across the United States among surgeons.
Based on index prescription renewals, rates of stimulant medication adherence were low among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
JUUL developed its electronic cigarette for adult smokers who want to stop and never intended it to be adopted by underage teenagers, company cofounder James Monsees told a US House subcommittee on Thursday, adding that “combating underage use” is the company’s highest priority.
Most pharmacological therapies evaluated for methamphetamine/amphetamine use disorder have not been associated with a statistically significant benefit.
Participation in Accountable Care Organization (ACO) Investment Model during the first performance year by providers serving rural/underserved areas was associated with lower spending in the Medicare program than that among non-ACO providers serving the same areas.
Investigators sought to identify components of cognitive decline associated with anxiety and depression in patients with MS.
Older adults reporting passive suicidal ideation may not be depressed, but may be experiencing worse health and functioning.
The treatment of veterans with chronic pain and insomnia with cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia may improve sleep and mood, but not pain.
Despite a high prevalence of depressive symptoms, black and Hispanic patients with type 2 diabetes are significantly less likely to receive antidepressants compared with white patients.
Summer appears to be a risk factor for drug use initiation.
Developing and implementing evidence-based mitigation strategies specifically targeting preventable patient harm could lead to major service quality improvements in medical care which could also be more cost effective.
Intermittent theta-burst stimulation was associated with improved social and occupational function in veterans with PTSD.
Top-down regulatory mechanisms influenced whether or not children with autism spectrum disorder expressed atypical behavioral responses to sensory stimuli.
From 2001 to 2017, the rate of suicides among African-American (AA) adolescents increased.
Investigators evaluate medical decision making for patients who are incarcerated and unrepresented and identifies advantages and disadvantages of different classes of decision makers for them.
Parental physical abuse at 4 years of age and peer emotional abuse at 15 years of age are risk factors associated with amygdala activity response to emotional stimuli.
Adhansia XR (methylphenidate HCl extended-release capsules) for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in patients aged 6 years and older, has launched.
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy may be an effective treatment for youth with anxiety disorders who have at least one parent with bipolar disorder.
Riluzole may be linked with a maintained response to acute treatment and improved response posttreatment in patients who had not responded immediately to acute-phase treatment.
Increases in time spent on social media, computers, and watching television are linked to a corresponding increase in depression in adolescents.
According to the findings of a recent review, the Food and Drug Administration rarely disagrees with recommendations made by its advisory committees.
In this observational study, investigators analyzed the relationship between the independent contributions of a patient’s neighborhood and its local hospital’s service area and risk for 30-day readmission.
Mood stabilizers and second-generation antipsychotics are associated with a high incidence of failure in bipolar disorder during the first year of treatment.
Cognitive behavioral therapy response rates in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder may be related to avoidance and impairment recognition, but not to poor insight.