Persistent loneliness in midlife is associated with a higher risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) and other dementias. The good news is that people who bounce back from loneliness build resilience to dementia and AD.
Researchers conducted a secondary analysis of data from 2 randomized clinical trials conducted in Georgia that tested family-centered prevention programs.
For youth in a temporary juvenile detention center, the prevalence of psychiatric disorders is high 15 years after detention.
For hospitalized adults with comorbid substance use disorders (SUDs), patient navigation services reduce readmissions and emergency department use.
The researchers systematically reviewed research describing peer mentorship programs for autistic students in postsecondary education.
Study researchers sought to assess the racial differences in triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 in patients with Alzheimer disease.
The sNDA submission was supported by data from the pivotal phase 3 HARMONY study.
Medicare spending on physician services declined an estimated $9.4 billion between January and June 2020.
Use of urgent care centers is associated with a small reduction in lower-acuity emergency department visits, but with an increase in urgent care center costs.
This study aimed to investigate associations between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and occupational outcomes, and to examine the influence of educational attainment, comorbid developmental disorders, and intellectual disability on these associations.
The approval was based on data from an extensive development program that included four phase 3 studies involving more than 1000 patients 6 to 17 years of age with ADHD.
The researchers reviewed literature and assessment databases to identify and summarize activities of daily living assessments for adults with autism.
For telemedicine to thrive in a postpandemic era, temporary rules regarding reimbursement and providers’ ability to fully care for the patient in any setting must be made permanent.
From 2005 to 2015, there was an increase in prolonged length of stay (LOS) for pediatric mental health emergency department visits.
Annual medical costs associated with substance use disorder in U.S. emergency departments and inpatient settings exceeded $13 billion in 2017.
The researchers’ goal was to study the frequency of electronic media usage by preschool children and the risks of high-dose e-media use on young children’s psychosocial well-being.
From 2009 to 2019, increase in OD deaths involving cocaine and opioids faster than for those involving cocaine with no opioids
With a small number of studies utilizing prepulse inhibition (PPI) as a discriminating factor between schizophrenia and antisocial personality disorder, the researchers evaluated PPI and the phenotype of patients with cocaine-related disorder who presented with a dual diagnosis of both disorders.
Obstructive sleep apnea in young patients results in pathophysiologic changes associated with aging.
For the 12-month period ending in May 2020, the CDC reported 81,000 drug overdose deaths — the most ever recorded in a 12-month period in the United States. We interviewed Danielle F. Haley, MPH, PhD, assistant professor in the department of community health sciences at the Boston University School of Public Health about COVID-19 and the rates of substance abuse and overdose cases.
This study looked at whether intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) transcranial magnetic stimulation targeting the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is safe and efficacious in acute bipolar depression.
The researchers conducted a secondary analysis of 46 pregnant women who were treated with digital cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia in a randomized controlled trial.
Practicing mindfulness exercising using the Headspace app improved inattentiveness and hyperactive/impulsivity scores in children and teens with ADHD.
The researchers evaluated the various impacts of the concurrent COVID-19 and opioid epidemics, taking into consideration the severely restricted access to chronic pain management.
Existing smokers or users of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) report increased use during the initial COVID-19 lockdown.
Parents report that the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the mental health of their teens.
Self-reported data via text messaging revealed that patients did not use about 60 percent of prescribed opioid tablets following common orthopedic or urologic procedures.
This study looked to identify modifiable early intervention factors that are associated with better outcomes and possible high-risk groups of children with ASD who are at risk of poorer outcomes.
This study sought to examine adolescent firearm access in homes with guns, how storage may modify access, and the discordance between parent and adolescent reports of access.
There are not that many controlled studies examining canine therapy in ASD. This study examined the effectiveness of a dog training intervention on adaptive skills, autism severity, and anxiety using a controlled crossover design.
According to this systematic review, sexual and gender minority patients may be at risk for several neurologic deficiencies.
Study researchers sought to address the gap in research regarding the association between poor sleep and executive function in children with ASD, ADHD, or typical development
During Aug. 19, 2020, to Feb. 1, 2021, the percentage of adults with symptoms of an anxiety or depressive disorder increased, as did the percentage reporting that they needed but did not receive mental health counseling or therapy.
Study authors discuss recent advances in the interventional management of neuropathic pain; new therapies are needed to offer longitudinal and sustained management.
Many healthcare providers are unclear as to when a request is made by an individual pursuant to a HIPAA authorization versus a HIPAA access request, particularly when a patient wants records to be sent to a third party, a HIPAA compliance officer at a law firm explained.
While those with psychological trauma experiences have a poor prognosis with regard to treatment participation and outcomes for substance use disorders, knowledge on the effect of the number of trauma experiences is scarce. In this study the researchers assessed the impact of having experienced multiple potentially traumatic experiences on drug use disorder treatment efficacy.
Clinical Pain Advisor met with Scharles Konadu, MD, a member of the American Board of Internal Medicine Gastroenterology Specialty Board, to discuss how deeply racial inequity is woven into our health care system.
Study researchers examined whether baseline MRI-markers and demographic and clinical data can help predict cognitive worsening patients with multiple sclerosis.
Main neurologic manifestations included brain fog for 81 percent and headache for 68 percent; 85 percent experience fatigue
Misuse of propylhexedrine in over-the-counter inhalers can bring dangers.
While past research has found that young smokers are more likely to attempt to quit smoking, findings regarding age and success of quitting is conflicted. This study examines the degree to which smoker age is related to making quit attempts and quit success.
The patient, who had suffered a traumatic brain injury approximately 8 months prior, presented to the emergency department complaining of increasing dizziness as well as sleepwalking frequency.
Current smoking is associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) in a cohort of African-Americans.
To gain better insight into new psychoactive substance (NPS) use, other data sources besides law enforcement agencies are required. In this study, influent wastewater was analyzed from 14 sites in 8 countries for a variety of NPS.
The researchers sought to estimate the age-specific incidence and prevalence of dementia diagnoses among older adults with schizophrenia in the United States compared to those without serious mental illness.
The researchers conducted an extensive pain assessment of patients with systemic sclerosis, examining pain chronification and its association with disease manifestations.
Researchers investigated whether psychological comorbidities predated the diagnosis and propagation of inflammatory bowel disease.
Smoking cessation is associated with improvement in mental health symptoms.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused large disruptions to physical activity, sleep, time use, and mental health among young adults.
Investigators assessed white matter hypeintensity burden in patients with Alzheimer disease and behavioral-variant frontotemporal dementia.