Depressive Disorders

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Electroconvulsive therapy was initially utilized as a treatment for schizophrenia. However, it has become more commonly used in treatment-resistant depression since the introduction of antipsychotics to treat schizophrenia. However, for patients with schizophrenia who are not responsive to these medications, ECT remains an essential treatment modality more than 80 years after it was first tested in a human patient.

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Recent studies have shown an increase in depression and suicidality in transgender youth. To learn more about the mental health challenges affecting transgender youth and how clinicians can better support these patients, we interviewed Jason V. Lambrese, MD, staff child and adolescent psychiatrist at Cleveland Clinic’s Lakewood Family Health Canter in Lakewood, Ohio, and Ralph Vetters, MD, MPH, pediatrician and site medical director at the Sidney Borum Jr. Health Center, a program of Fenway Health in Boston.