Colorectal and other GI cancers:
Indications for ELOXATIN:
Adjuvant treatment for Stage III colon cancer in patients who have undergone complete resection of the primary tumor (in combination with infusional 5-FU/LV). Treatment of advanced colorectal cancer (in combination with infusional 5-FU/LV).
See full labeling. Premedicate with antiemetics. Give by IV infusion every two weeks for a total of 6 months (12 cycles) for adjuvant use or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity for advanced disease. Day 1: 85mg/m2 + leucovorin, followed by 5-FU. Day 2: Leucovorin followed by 5-FU. Severe renal impairment: initially 65mg/m2. Neuropathy, other toxicities: see full labeling for dose adjustments.
Known allergy to other platinum compounds.
Monitor for allergic reactions; discontinue if occurs; do not rechallenge. Have epinephrine, corticosteroids, antihistamines available during infusion. Monitor for neuropathy; reduce dose or discontinue if needed. Severe neutropenia: delay therapy until neutrophils ≥1.5 x 109/L; withhold for sepsis or septic shock; reduce dose after recovery. Monitor WBCs with differential, hemogloblin, platelets, blood chemistries (including ALT, AST, bilirubin, creatinine) before each cycle. Discontinue if interstitial lung disease or pulmonary fibrosis is suspected. Patients with CHF, bradyarrhythmias, concomitant drugs known to prolong the QT interval, and electrolyte abnormalities: monitor ECG. Correct hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia prior to initiation; monitor periodically during therapy. Congenital long QT syndrome; avoid. Renal impairment. Avoid extravasation. Pregnancy (Cat.D); avoid use. Nursing mothers: not recommended.
Alkylating agent (organoplatinum complex).
Caution with concomitant nephrotoxic agents. Monitor oral anticoagulants.
Peripheral sensory neuropathy, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, GI upset, increased liver enzymes, fatigue, stomatitis; allergic reactions, pulmonary fibrosis (may be fatal), hepatotoxicity, QT prolongation, ventricular arrhythmias, rhabdomyolysis (may be fatal; discontinue if occurs).
Testing considerations: ERCC1 overexpression
Single-use vials (50mg, 100mg)—1