Before the next set of guidelines are updated and harmonized, individual studies may provide direction for clinicians.
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Increased implementation of integrated primary care could help to improve the availability of psychological treatment for this patient population.
Experts provide practical tips to aid in the often-challenging process of incorporating pharmacogenetic testing into clinical practice.
While many treatments for substance use disorder are not evidence based, several evidence-based approaches have shown effectiveness in court-mandated treatment settings.
Mental health professionals supporting patients living with HIV need to make space for their patients to process the emotional effect of their diagnosis, but not to make assumptions about what it means to them.
Offenders with major psychopathic traits can be identified in all ethnic groups that have been studied, including European Americans, African Americans, and Latino Americans, but some of the evidence pointing to the validity of psychopathy is stronger in European Americans.
Rheuatology Advisor speaks with a psychologist about addressing mental health in patients with inflammatory arthritis.
It has been proposed that inflammation stemming from persistent pathogens may influence the development of mood disorders.
Patients will still be at risk for schizophrenia or bipolar disorder even several years after an episode of substance-induced psychosis.
Mood symptoms in patients with bipolar disease may be a marker of cognitive symptom severity or cognitive deficits.
Endocrinologist Kevin M. Pantalone, DO, and psychiatrist Christian Kohler, MD, discuss the risk associated with the use of antipsychotic medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Clinicians address issues relating to treating patients with comorbid chronic fatigue syndrome and mood disorders.
Identifying a patient's preferences and goals leads to a care plan that can reflect those goals, and this may improve patient satisfaction.
"It is important to highlight that VR is a safe method to use in people with psychosis."
Parents using intervention strategies in addition to the interventionist working directly with the child can be very beneficial, as an interventionist only gets to see a child for a few hours a week.
ADHD's many deficits cannot be ameliorated by pharmacotherapy alone. Researchers and clinicians are investigating computer interventions and physical activity that get to the root of the ADHD domain, such as inattention, memory, or time management.
One of the requirements for diagnosing OCD is that the individuals don't want to engage in their behaviors. However, youth with autism who have verbal skills often say that they feel content with their repetitive behaviors and have no interest in stopping them.
No single solution to address sexual harassment in medicine exists, but physicians of all genders must come together to make progress.
Cognitive behavioral therapy may be effective for children in learning how to separate from their parents and engage in activities.
The prevalence of borderline personality disorder is estimated to between 15% and 20% in inpatient settings.
One of the biggest challenges faced by individuals with ASD is finding ways to be happy and successful in a neurotypical world.
As sleep disturbances in patients with depression are associated with increased episode recurrences, persistent illness course, and poor outcomes, assessment of the relationship between both and review of effective treatment modalities is essential for improving quality of life for these patients.
Sarah Hollingsworth Lisanby, MD, director, Translational Research Division at the National Institute of Mental Health, discusses the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for maintenance therapy in depression.
Careful clinical and metabolic monitoring should be implemented by clinicians caring for patients with severe mental illness.
Psychiatry Advisor interviews with Allegra I. Broft, MD, to explore the connection between bipolar disorder and binge eating disorder.
Mental health professionals regularly grapple with the best way to support clients navigating an onslaught of sexual violence in their daily lives.
The prevalence of bipolar postpartum depression is greater than previously understood and requires distinct treatment.
Malpractice liability reform would best be analyzed on a specialty-by-specialty basis.
Evidence suggests that several underlying mechanisms of bipolar disorder may be improved with dietary interventions, and good nutrition is associated with improved outcomes in this population.
"Since the current generation of psychiatrists has been raised on second-generation antipsychotics and has relatively little experience with first-generation antipsychotics, keeping tardive dyskinesia in mind is not, on the whole, part of their experience or training," said Christoph U. Correll, MD.
It is not always clear whether treatment resistance in schizophrenia is related to medication underexposure or the result of medication being ineffective.
The Goldwater Rule has proven remarkably resilient and has not been seriously challenged for half a century — until now.
Raloxifene has demonstrated mostly positive results in meta-analyses of men and women with schizophrenia who received the selective estrogen receptor modulator as adjunctive therapy.
In the current treatment landscape where there are few solid strategies to address treatment resistance, augmentation with T3 has been recommended by several clinical practice guidelines.
Awareness of risk factors for bipolar disorder facilitates early intervention, typically beginning with lifestyle changes rather than pharmacotherapy.
As pharmacologic options have largely remained the same during the last decade, there exists a need to consider adjunctive therapies for bipolar disorder treatment.
Even though physician-assisted suicide is legal in 5 states and Washington, DC, no state allows euthanasia.
Neuropathic pain has been linked with negative outcomes including psychological distress.
Various professional guidelines recommend cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for the management of psychosis and schizophrenia; however, the clinical application of CBT is limited by its complexity and the need for intensive training.
Digital technology shows promise in monitoring and collecting patient information to contribute to schizophrenia research.
While results so far may seem to support a link between increased access to cannabis and a reduction in prescription opioid use, findings from a study published in 2018 found otherwise.
The relationship between agoraphobia and panic has gone through some changes and reconceptualization, as evidenced by the diagnostic categories laid out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Although the theory of the gut-brain axis has existed for more than a century, recent studies are now examining how gut microbiota influence mood.
This article discusses the issue of physician suicide trends, then and now.
As major depressive disorder is a leading causes of disability, and approximately one-third of patients with the condition do not respond to currently approved treatments, there exists an unmet need for more effective and rapidly acting antidepressants.
"Compassion fatigue" is understood to affect workers across the spectrum of helping professions, and to be extremely prevalent among physicians.
Successful management of both the manic and depressive states in bipolar disorder has been difficult to achieve, despite a broad range of pharmacologic treatments available.
Michael Thase, MD, comments on the potential for lithium in drinking water as a psychiatric prophylactic agent.
More than 60% of healthcare institutions in the US are using electronic communication to exchange patient medical information.
Sexual harassment perpetuated by celebrities, prominent government officials, and others in positions of power is broadly affecting US culture.
As failure to recognize depression symptoms contributes to the association between mortality and depression in cancer patients, early recognition and treatment with pharmacologic and/or psychologic support is essential for improving outcomes.
Obesity and associated comorbidities are seen to be potential contributers to Alzheimer disease pathophysiology.
The frequent comorbidity of bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder presents a significant challenge for clinicians managing patients with these conditions.
Variability in definitions of "anxious depression" in research impedes the ability to make clear comparisons.
The principal driver of practicing defensive medicine is the desire to avoid litigation.
It is unknown whether training in emotional, social, and practical skills generalize to the "real world" setting once offenders are released.
The Oregon Foundation for Reproductive Health recommends that all medical providers ask all female patients of reproductive age if they plan to become pregnant in the next year.
Although PTSD is a significant component of the ongoing trauma from torture, it is far from representative of the whole spectrum of physical, mental, and psychological distress that survivors experience.
Suicide in prisons is multifactorial, with contributing factors that include medical and mental health issues as well as those involving family, lack of purposeful activity, and conditions of the specific prison environment, as well as the stress of adjusting to incarceration.
Lifestyle factors including exercise may be a strategic target to decrease symptoms of depression.
40% of people with dementia are still driving.
Bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder reflect alternate expressions of the same underlying disorder.
The connection between PSD and mortality appears to result from increased cardiovascular mortality.
A growing body of research consistently shows that patients with schizophrenia often suffer from sleep disturbances.
Using mindfulness instead of exposure therapy may reach more veterans averse to discussing trauma.
The growing field of nutritional psychiatry explores the role of diet in mental health.
Although existing management strategies for delirium are limited in effectiveness, researchers are hopeful that improvements in prevention strategies for delirium may be achieved by gaining a better understanding of the role of cognitive and brain reserve.
Depersonalizing may help a lot of struggling parents understand the severity of an eating disorder.
Children and adolescents with hearing loss may be more prone to developing depression, aggression, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and psychopathy than their normally hearing peers.
Over the past 10 years, a strong research base has been mounting supporting the concept of a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder in teens.
The opioid crisis needs to be addressed in order to reduce overdose deaths.
Dermatologic diseases such as acne, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis frequently have psychiatric comorbidities such as depression or suicidal ideation.
Results from animal studies have been showing that anesthetics may be neurotoxic and could lead to cognitive dysfunction.
There are indications that for some patients, drug treatment is less effective when reinstated after relapse.
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder is a term used to describe a range of neurocognitive dysfunction issues linked to HIV infection.
This review explored studies that investigated the efficacy and safety of maintenance rTMS following successful acute treatment with rTMS or ECT in treatment-resistant patients with unipolar or bipolar depression.
In the past, clinicians believed anorexia arose from control battles with parents and that the individual had to develop insight and motivation to recover.
Up to 30% of patients with HIV are resistant to standard interventions for depression.
"Anxiety disorders are persistent and incapacitating, and despite the availability of effective treatments, not all individuals with anxiety receive adequate treatment."
Should the statistical significance of the P-value be lowered?
Work continues on refining our understanding on the identification of alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARBD).
Understanding more about the original protocols of RCTs for various drugs may offer helpful insights into the clinical implications of those trials' findings.
For people with chronic pain, psychological interventions have been helpful.
Making mental health predictions based on clinical presentation has major limitations.
The concept that lying is more cognitively draining than telling the truth has found considerable support in clinical studies.
Clinicians prescribing antidepressants may need to consider augmenting their therapy with another agent.
Mental health patients with urgent symptoms may be assisted by emPATH units.
Among older people with visual impairment, 57.2% are at risk for mild or moderate depression.
Contrary to common belief, the prevalence of depression in older adults does not decrease with age.
The malware race is a battle between hackers and security experts.
Smartphone addiction appears to be linked to sleep disorders, anxiety and stress disorders, and greater consumption of alcohol and tobacco.
Healthcare systems are expanding in the numbers of people covered and in the care across lifespan.
Well-intentioned parents may not realize that it is terrifying for a youngster to be left without any parental direction, even if the child does not act scared.
Men, including male physicians, are less likely than female physicians to seek medical treatment for their own health conditions.
Clinicians should be better trained about the importance and roles of depression screening to improve patient care.
Non-monogamy can have rules and meanings as varied as the clients who practice it.
Siblings of children with disabilities may experience a "wide range of emotions.
Catastrophizing undermines pain treatment effectiveness and facilitates structural brain changes that serve to maintain pain and distress.
Rape has been linked with the strongest risk for PTSD in both women and men, followed by combat exposure and child molestation.
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Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- Belief That Abortion Harms Women's Mental Health Appears Misinformed
- Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk
- Probiotics Effective in Reducing Rehospitalization for Patients With Mania
- Caffeine Sodium Benzoate Effective as Electroconvulsive Therapy Augmentation
- Personality Disorders Related to Adverse Outcomes in Bipolar Disorder
- Court-Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment: Exploring the Ethics and Efficacy
- ADHD Treatments
- Esketamine Nasal Spray: A New Treatment Possibility for Treatment-Resistant Depression
- Pharmacogenetics in Psychiatry: Promising Developments and Potential Pitfalls
- Substance Abuse and Primary Psychosis: A Closer Look
- Preop Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Tied to Bariatric Surgery Outcomes in Teens
- Meds With Depression As Adverse Side Effect Commonly Used
- Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD
- Antipsychotic Treatment Linked to Adiposity Changes in Youth
- Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child