Child/Adolescent Psychiatry Archive

Pathways for Intellectual Disability in Children: Maternal Mental Illness vs Obstetric Complications

Pathways for Intellectual Disability in Children: Maternal Mental Illness vs Obstetric Complications

Investigators sought to determine the relationship between familial severe mental illness vs obstetric complications and the risk for developing intellectual disability

AAP: More Children Visiting Pediatric EDs for Mental Health

AAP: More Children Visiting Pediatric EDs for Mental Health

From 2012 to 2016 there was an increase in the number of children visiting pediatric emergency departments with mental health-related diagnoses.

Institutional Rearing Associated With Psychopathology Risk in Children

Institutional Rearing Associated With Psychopathology Risk in Children

Children reared in an institution are found to have increased vulnerability to psychopathology diagnoses between childhood and adolescence.

Self-Harm, Suicidality Among Adolescents Associated With Poor Outcomes, Recurrent Clinical Care

Self-Harm, Suicidality Among Adolescents Associated With Poor Outcomes, Recurrent Clinical Care

Youth who engage in self-harm should be a prioritized group for assessment and targeted treatment.

Parents' Technology Use Can Negatively Affect Children

Parents' Technology Use Can Negatively Affect Children

Parents' use of digital devices may exacerbate their child's poor behavior.

Combination Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Fluoxetine Effective for Adolescent Depression

Combination Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Fluoxetine Effective for Adolescent Depression

This research suggests that combination therapy not only produces greater proportional response in depression symptoms but that it is also effective in a broader range of individuals.

Early Talk, Interaction Predicts School-Age Language Outcomes

Early Talk, Interaction Predicts School-Age Language Outcomes

Talk and interaction during early childhood, especially during 18 to 24 months, is associated with language and cognitive outcomes.

Paternal Antisocial Personality Traits, Maternal Postpartum Depression Affect Early Aggressive Behavior

Paternal Antisocial Personality Traits, Maternal Postpartum Depression Affect Early Aggressive Behavior

These findings indicate the importance of investigating paternal in addition to maternal psychiatric status when evaluating early aggressive behavior in children, especially because the 2 factors can interact in surprising ways.

Child Maltreatment Associated With Poor Psychological Health Outcomes in Adulthood

Child Maltreatment Associated With Poor Psychological Health Outcomes in Adulthood

These findings suggest that child maltreatment affects physical health in adulthood.

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

Compared with controls, those with subthreshold ADHD experienced greater impairments in social functioning and had higher rates of requiring extra help in school.

Psychotic-Like Experiences in Adolescence Could Cause Neural Changes During Reward Processing

Psychotic-Like Experiences in Adolescence Could Cause Neural Changes During Reward Processing

These findings indicate that developmental changes are part of the etiology of psychotic disorders, and compensatory cognitive control could be a mechanism to contextualize the psychotic-like experiences precluding psychosis during adolescence.

Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Foster Parenting

Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Foster Parenting

The current study aims to test the effectiveness of a video-feedback intervention in increasing caregiver sensitivity to foster children.

Little Global Development Assistance for Adolescent Health

Little Global Development Assistance for Adolescent Health

These findings suggest that adolescent health has gained little donor attention.

Antipsychotics Adversely Affect Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

Antipsychotics Adversely Affect Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

While antipsychotic treatments can improve behavioral symptoms, risk of hyperglycemia and weight gain should inform careful consideration of antipsychotic use in young patients.

Early Childhood Out-of-Home Placement Associated With Adverse Outcomes in Adulthood

Early Childhood Out-of-Home Placement Associated With Adverse Outcomes in Adulthood

These results suggest a significant need for psychiatric resources for children placed in foster care or other out-of-home circumstances.

Predicting Medication Adherence in Youths With Severe Mental Illness

Predicting Medication Adherence in Youths With Severe Mental Illness

These data provide insight into the specific risk factors for nonadherence in youths with mental disorders.

Short Forms of Parent General Behavior Inventory Reliable at Identifying Youth Mood Symptoms

Short Forms of Parent General Behavior Inventory Reliable at Identifying Youth Mood Symptoms

The short forms each displayed diagnostic accuracy comparable with that of the full-length scales.

Orbitofrontal Connectivity Associated With Mood, Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents Who Use Marijuana

Orbitofrontal Connectivity Associated With Mood, Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents Who Use Marijuana

Marijuana usage is increasing in adolescents, and the rate of comorbidity with mood and anxiety disorders is high. These findings may aid in identifying adolescents who are potentially at risk.

Parent, Teacher Reports of Adolescent Behavior Important in Mental Health Monitoring

Parent, Teacher Reports of Adolescent Behavior Important in Mental Health Monitoring

These data emphasize the important role of parents and teachers in detecting mental health needs in adolescents.

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

Although emotional abuse and neglect may not be as easily detected as other forms of maltreatment, professionals must be aware of their long-term effect on nonsuicidal self-injury likelihood.

Parents' Childhood Affects Their Children's Behavioral Health

Parents' Childhood Affects Their Children's Behavioral Health

Parents' adverse childhood events, such as abuse, neglect, or household dysfunction, can impact their children's lives.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids Offer No Therapeutic Advantage Over Placebo for Adolescent Depression

Omega-3 Fatty Acids Offer No Therapeutic Advantage Over Placebo for Adolescent Depression

These results challenge existing conceptions that omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in treating adolescent major depressive disorder.

Strong Social Networks May Mitigate the Effects of Childhood Adversity

Strong Social Networks May Mitigate the Effects of Childhood Adversity

These findings support initiatives targeted at reducing the effect of negative early childhood experiences on psychopathology.

TECH Parenting Can Limit Negative Effect of Media on Kids

TECH Parenting Can Limit Negative Effect of Media on Kids

TECH parenting framework can promote positive and specific media parenting behaviors that could help mitigate the potential negative impacts of media consumption for youth.

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.

Factors That Influence Whether Adolescents Seek Help for Depression

Factors That Influence Whether Adolescents Seek Help for Depression

Clinical intervention focusing on parental involvement may be effective in combating depression in children.

Exploring Physical Activity Trends in Youth at Clinically High Risk for Psychosis

Exploring Physical Activity Trends in Youth at Clinically High Risk for Psychosis

Treatment modes targeting motivation may be effective in promoting exercise in youth at clinically high risk for psychosis.

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Increases Risk for Aggressive Behavior in Offspring

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Increases Risk for Aggressive Behavior in Offspring

The findings of this study provide evidence for a small direct link between maternal smoking during pregnancy and aggression in offspring.

Antipsychotics Associated With Increased Adiposity, Decreased Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

Antipsychotics Associated With Increased Adiposity, Decreased Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

Adverse changes in adiposity and insulin sensitivity are potential risk factors for premature cardiometabolic morbidity and should be considered by clinicians in planning antipsychotic treatment course for youths.

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder May Be at Greater Risk for Food Allergies

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder May Be at Greater Risk for Food Allergies

At least 2 previous studies have reported a relationship between food sensitivities and autism spectrum disorder, while other research has focused primarily on respiratory and skin allergies.

Preoperative Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Associated With Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Preoperative Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Associated With Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Psychiatric diagnoses may not be a contraindication to weight loss surgery.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

Medication continuity in youth with ADHD is affected by several potentially modifiable factors that could be productive targets of intervention for pediatricians.

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

These findings offer preliminary evidence of the validity of the short UPPS-P-C to screen for impulsivity traits in both typically developing children and in those with ADHD.

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

Social Deficits May Be Reversible Among Transgender Youth

Social Deficits May Be Reversible Among Transgender Youth

Recent research following transgender individuals from late childhood into young adulthood shows that gender-affirmative hormonal and surgical care results in normative global functioning.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Examining the Relationship Between Childhood Anxiety, Depression and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Examining the Relationship Between Childhood Anxiety, Depression and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

The potential plasticity of the cardiovascular system during childhood may explain the lack of significant relationship between depression and anxiety symptomatology and CVD risk in this study population.

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.

Social Hygiene: Screening for Social Media Addiction in Adolescent Patients

Social Hygiene: Screening for Social Media Addiction in Adolescent Patients

Adolescents love their phones. But what is the downside of this addictive technology?

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.

Psychotropic Medication Use in Young Children Indicates Need for Outcomes Research

Psychotropic Medication Use in Young Children Indicates Need for Outcomes Research

The investigators found that 4550 children had a psychiatric diagnosis (19.7%) by the age of 8 years, and that 57.7% of these diagnoses were behavioral.

Risk for Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

Risk for Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

Medicaid-insured children are at increased risk for mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions after hospitalization for an injury.

Mental Health Comorbidity Examined in Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth

Mental Health Comorbidity Examined in Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth

These findings suggest an urgent need for improved measures of social and clinical support in transgender and/or gender-nonconforming youth.

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

The presence of sleep disorders in children with chronic pain may result in greater pain levels and pain interference, a relationship that may in part be mediated by anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Latent Variable Approach Effective in Parsing Neural Mechanisms of Co-Occurring Anxiety, Irritability in Youth

Latent Variable Approach Effective in Parsing Neural Mechanisms of Co-Occurring Anxiety, Irritability in Youth

These results indicate that a "latent variable" approach may be useful for neuropsychiatric research involving co-occurring symptoms.

Questions Surround Concept of Internet Gaming Disorder

Questions Surround Concept of Internet Gaming Disorder

The concept of internet gaming disorder and the pathways leading to it are unclear.

Several Techniques of Self-Regulation Training Effective in Children

Several Techniques of Self-Regulation Training Effective in Children

The findings of this review would be useful for policy makers, educators, and health professionals focusing on prevention, as self-regulation attracts more attention as an intervention target.

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.

Self-Regulation Interventions Beneficial for Children

Self-Regulation Interventions Beneficial for Children

A range of interventions can successfully improve self-regulation in children and adolescents.

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

These data confirmed the increased risk for psychiatric disorders in women with PCOS, and indicated an increased risk for ADHD and ASD in their children.

Youth With Gender Nonconformity Vulnerable to Adversity

Youth With Gender Nonconformity Vulnerable to Adversity

Youth with gender nonconformity are vulnerable to experiencing adversity.

Psychosis Could Be a Potential Side Effect of Steroid Treatment in Kids

Psychosis Could Be a Potential Side Effect of Steroid Treatment in Kids

Iatrogenic steroid-induced psychosis is a rare side effect of glucocorticoid therapy which is mostly seen in adults, although it has been reported in children and adolescents.

Adolescent MDD Associated With Anxious-Depressive Symptoms in Childhood

Adolescent MDD Associated With Anxious-Depressive Symptoms in Childhood

Investigators sought to determine early warning signs in elementary school children to predict the development of MDD.

Examining Rates of Long-Term Opioid Use in Youth With Psychiatric Disorders

Examining Rates of Long-Term Opioid Use in Youth With Psychiatric Disorders

Adolescents with anxiety, mood, neurodevelopmental, sleep, and nonopioid substance use disorders and most mental health treatments were significantly more likely to receive opioids.

Effect of Antidepressant Class, Dose on Pediatric Anxiety Disorders

Effect of Antidepressant Class, Dose on Pediatric Anxiety Disorders

Researchers identified 9 trials examining the efficacy of SSRIs or SSNRIs in the treatment of social, generalized and/or separation anxiety disorder in pediatric patients.

Bullying, Maltreatment in Childhood May Increase Risk for Teen Pregnancy

Bullying, Maltreatment in Childhood May Increase Risk for Teen Pregnancy

Teen pregnancy is higher among sexual minorities due to maltreatment and bullying.

Limited Evidence of Victimization-Induced DNA Methylation

Limited Evidence of Victimization-Induced DNA Methylation

Investigators believe this is the most comprehensive analysis of epigenetic alterations due to victimization stress in a pediatric population.

Heritable Cognitive Ability, Psychopathology Associated With White Matter Properties

Heritable Cognitive Ability, Psychopathology Associated With White Matter Properties

White matter brain architecture of crossing fibers in frontotemporal connections was shown to be more expressed in participants with better cognitive performance and less expressed in participants with more severe general psychopathology.

Neurodevelopment in Children: Nutrients Key in First 1000 Days

Neurodevelopment in Children: Nutrients Key in First 1000 Days

Providing healthy eating and adequate nutrients to a baby during their first 1000 days is important for optimal neurodevelopment.

Multisystemic Therapy vs Management as Usual for Adolescents With Antisocial Behavior

Multisystemic Therapy vs Management as Usual for Adolescents With Antisocial Behavior

Study participants received either management as usual or multisystemic therapy for moderate-to-severe antisocial behavior.

Consuming Fish May Improve Long-Term Cognitive Functioning in Children

Consuming Fish May Improve Long-Term Cognitive Functioning in Children

Children show higher IQ scores and less sleep problems with the more fish that they consume.

Predictive Psychiatric Genetic Testing for At-Risk Minors: Risk vs Reward

Predictive Psychiatric Genetic Testing for At-Risk Minors: Risk vs Reward

Researchers identified 5 nonmedical themes that affect the decision to conduct predictive genetic testing for psychiatric conditions.

Peer Review Policy Leads to Decreased Use of Atypical Antipsychotics in Children

Peer Review Policy Leads to Decreased Use of Atypical Antipsychotics in Children

The use of atypical antipsychotics can be reduced with the implementation of a peer review prior authorization policy.

Depression Treatments For Young Patients Have Distinct Trajectories

Depression Treatments For Young Patients Have Distinct Trajectories

There are distinct treatment trajectories which have different health outcomes for depressed youth.

Dating Violence Victimization Among High School Students Linked to Nonmedical Prescription Drugs

Dating Violence Victimization Among High School Students Linked to Nonmedical Prescription Drugs

Non medical use of prescription drugs is linked with dating violence victimization among high school students.

ADHD, Autism Associated With Postnatal Treatment of Congenital Hypothyroidism

ADHD, Autism Associated With Postnatal Treatment of Congenital Hypothyroidism

In children with congenital hypothyroidism behavioral problems can be mitigated through appropriate levels of treatment during infancy.

Adolescents Underreport Nonmedical Amphetamine Use

Adolescents Underreport Nonmedical Amphetamine Use

Adolescents don't realize that Adderall is an amphetamine.

Depression Severity Inversely Correlated With Body Composition in Adolescents

Depression Severity Inversely Correlated With Body Composition in Adolescents

Depression severity was inversely associated, prospectively, with body mass index (BMI), fat mass index, and lean BMI z scores.

Mental Health, Behavioral Screenings Vital for Pediatric Patients With T1D

Mental Health, Behavioral Screenings Vital for Pediatric Patients With T1D

Mental health and behavioral screenings should be routine part of care for pediatric patients with diabetes.

Adverse Childhood Experience Linked to Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Adverse Childhood Experience Linked to Adverse Cardiovascular Events

As a result of impaired coronary distensibility index, individuals with adverse childhood experience may have a greater risk for MACE.

Psychiatric Disorders in Children Linked to Celiac Disease

Psychiatric Disorders in Children Linked to Celiac Disease

Children with celiac disease are at a 1.4-fold increased risk for psychiatric disorders.

More Risk, Challenge on School Playgrounds Linked to Happier Children

More Risk, Challenge on School Playgrounds Linked to Happier Children

Greater opportunities for risk and challenge were associated with fewer reports of bullying to adults.

CBT, Amitriptyline an Effective Migraine Treatment

CBT, Amitriptyline an Effective Migraine Treatment

Treatment with CBT and amitriptyline led to greater improvements in youth with chronic migraine.

Connection Found Between Emotional Abuse and Migraine

Connection Found Between Emotional Abuse and Migraine

Childhood emotional abuse may directly lead to the development of migraine in young adults.

Mental Health Counseling Lacking for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Mental Health Counseling Lacking for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Lack of medical coverage was cited as a reason adolescent and young adult cancer survivors avoid mental health treatment.

Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression Affects Child's Brain Development

Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression Affects Child's Brain Development

A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort, but the mechanism behind it remains unclear.

Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the US

Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the US

The decline was seen across all socioeconomic strata.

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.

Study Protocol: How Does School Affect Adolescent Mental Health?

Study Protocol: How Does School Affect Adolescent Mental Health?

The Kupol study provides a unique platform to evaluate the association between different aspects of school and adolescent mental health.

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

Childhood is a critical developmental period in the brain's response to traumatic stress such as family adversity.

Aberrant Reward Processing Likely Precedes Psychotic Disorders

Aberrant Reward Processing Likely Precedes Psychotic Disorders

Genetic risk for psychosis influences reward processing in healthy adolescents.

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

Adolescents who experience chronic pain have higher prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in adulthood.

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Progression of infant motor development is associated with cognitive ability in later childhood.

There Is No Safe Level of Lead for Children

There Is No Safe Level of Lead for Children

Lead exposure is one of the most common preventable poisonings of childhood, and children are particularly sensitive to the effects of lead.

Cognitive Ability and Brain Gray Matter in Adolescents With Type 2 Diabetes

Cognitive Ability and Brain Gray Matter in Adolescents With Type 2 Diabetes

High-resolution MRI revealed an association between less gray matter and the ability to pronounce and sound out unfamiliar words.

Obese First Graders Experience High Rates of Bullying

Obese First Graders Experience High Rates of Bullying

As early as first grade, obese children experience bullying.

Innovation Needed to Meet Mental Health Needs in Higher Education

Innovation Needed to Meet Mental Health Needs in Higher Education

Budget cuts and institutions' financial challenges may complicate meeting students' needs and require creative and innovative ways to serve them.

Children's Mental Health Care Varies Widely in Primary Care

Children's Mental Health Care Varies Widely in Primary Care

The prevalence of mental health diagnosis and psychotropic medication prescribing varies across US practices.

Sleep Apnea Negatively Influences Neurocognitive Function in Children

Sleep Apnea Negatively Influences Neurocognitive Function in Children

Those with higher apnea-hypopnea index more impaired than those with lower AHI.

Iron Supplements May Improve Motor Development in Infants

Iron Supplements May Improve Motor Development in Infants

Improved gross motor test scores at age 9 months.

Consequences With Parental Use of Mobile Devices To Calm Toddlers

Consequences With Parental Use of Mobile Devices To Calm Toddlers

Toddlers with more social-emotional problems more likely to be given mobile technology to calm down.

Openly Transgender Youth Do Not Have Higher Depression Rates

Openly Transgender Youth Do Not Have Higher Depression Rates

Transgender children who have socially transitioned have only minimal elevations in anxiety.

Attention Shifting Game Could Help Depression in Adolescents

Attention Shifting Game Could Help Depression in Adolescents

Attention bias modification is intended to shift one's attention away from negative stimuli.

Guidelines Developed for Possible Zika in Children

Guidelines Developed for Possible Zika in Children

Acute Zika virus should be suspected in children who traveled to affected area, have symptoms.

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