Child/Adolescent Psychiatry Archive
Pathways for Intellectual Disability in Children: Maternal Mental Illness vs Obstetric Complications
Investigators sought to determine the relationship between familial severe mental illness vs obstetric complications and the risk for developing intellectual disability
From 2012 to 2016 there was an increase in the number of children visiting pediatric emergency departments with mental health-related diagnoses.
Children reared in an institution are found to have increased vulnerability to psychopathology diagnoses between childhood and adolescence.
Youth who engage in self-harm should be a prioritized group for assessment and targeted treatment.
Parents' use of digital devices may exacerbate their child's poor behavior.
This research suggests that combination therapy not only produces greater proportional response in depression symptoms but that it is also effective in a broader range of individuals.
Talk and interaction during early childhood, especially during 18 to 24 months, is associated with language and cognitive outcomes.
Paternal Antisocial Personality Traits, Maternal Postpartum Depression Affect Early Aggressive Behavior
These findings indicate the importance of investigating paternal in addition to maternal psychiatric status when evaluating early aggressive behavior in children, especially because the 2 factors can interact in surprising ways.
These findings suggest that child maltreatment affects physical health in adulthood.
Compared with controls, those with subthreshold ADHD experienced greater impairments in social functioning and had higher rates of requiring extra help in school.
These findings indicate that developmental changes are part of the etiology of psychotic disorders, and compensatory cognitive control could be a mechanism to contextualize the psychotic-like experiences precluding psychosis during adolescence.
The current study aims to test the effectiveness of a video-feedback intervention in increasing caregiver sensitivity to foster children.
These findings suggest that adolescent health has gained little donor attention.
While antipsychotic treatments can improve behavioral symptoms, risk of hyperglycemia and weight gain should inform careful consideration of antipsychotic use in young patients.
These results suggest a significant need for psychiatric resources for children placed in foster care or other out-of-home circumstances.
These data provide insight into the specific risk factors for nonadherence in youths with mental disorders.
The short forms each displayed diagnostic accuracy comparable with that of the full-length scales.
Marijuana usage is increasing in adolescents, and the rate of comorbidity with mood and anxiety disorders is high. These findings may aid in identifying adolescents who are potentially at risk.
These data emphasize the important role of parents and teachers in detecting mental health needs in adolescents.
Although emotional abuse and neglect may not be as easily detected as other forms of maltreatment, professionals must be aware of their long-term effect on nonsuicidal self-injury likelihood.
Parents' adverse childhood events, such as abuse, neglect, or household dysfunction, can impact their children's lives.
These results challenge existing conceptions that omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in treating adolescent major depressive disorder.
These findings support initiatives targeted at reducing the effect of negative early childhood experiences on psychopathology.
TECH parenting framework can promote positive and specific media parenting behaviors that could help mitigate the potential negative impacts of media consumption for youth.
Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.
Clinical intervention focusing on parental involvement may be effective in combating depression in children.
Treatment modes targeting motivation may be effective in promoting exercise in youth at clinically high risk for psychosis.
The findings of this study provide evidence for a small direct link between maternal smoking during pregnancy and aggression in offspring.
Adverse changes in adiposity and insulin sensitivity are potential risk factors for premature cardiometabolic morbidity and should be considered by clinicians in planning antipsychotic treatment course for youths.
At least 2 previous studies have reported a relationship between food sensitivities and autism spectrum disorder, while other research has focused primarily on respiratory and skin allergies.
Psychiatric diagnoses may not be a contraindication to weight loss surgery.
The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.
Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.
Medication continuity in youth with ADHD is affected by several potentially modifiable factors that could be productive targets of intervention for pediatricians.
Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.
These findings offer preliminary evidence of the validity of the short UPPS-P-C to screen for impulsivity traits in both typically developing children and in those with ADHD.
While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.
Recent research following transgender individuals from late childhood into young adulthood shows that gender-affirmative hormonal and surgical care results in normative global functioning.
There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.
Examining the Relationship Between Childhood Anxiety, Depression and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease
The potential plasticity of the cardiovascular system during childhood may explain the lack of significant relationship between depression and anxiety symptomatology and CVD risk in this study population.
Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.
Adolescents love their phones. But what is the downside of this addictive technology?
From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.
Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.
The investigators found that 4550 children had a psychiatric diagnosis (19.7%) by the age of 8 years, and that 57.7% of these diagnoses were behavioral.
Medicaid-insured children are at increased risk for mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions after hospitalization for an injury.
These findings suggest an urgent need for improved measures of social and clinical support in transgender and/or gender-nonconforming youth.
The presence of sleep disorders in children with chronic pain may result in greater pain levels and pain interference, a relationship that may in part be mediated by anxiety and depressive symptoms.
Latent Variable Approach Effective in Parsing Neural Mechanisms of Co-Occurring Anxiety, Irritability in Youth
These results indicate that a "latent variable" approach may be useful for neuropsychiatric research involving co-occurring symptoms.
The concept of internet gaming disorder and the pathways leading to it are unclear.
The findings of this review would be useful for policy makers, educators, and health professionals focusing on prevention, as self-regulation attracts more attention as an intervention target.
The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.
A range of interventions can successfully improve self-regulation in children and adolescents.
These data confirmed the increased risk for psychiatric disorders in women with PCOS, and indicated an increased risk for ADHD and ASD in their children.
Youth with gender nonconformity are vulnerable to experiencing adversity.
Iatrogenic steroid-induced psychosis is a rare side effect of glucocorticoid therapy which is mostly seen in adults, although it has been reported in children and adolescents.
Investigators sought to determine early warning signs in elementary school children to predict the development of MDD.
Adolescents with anxiety, mood, neurodevelopmental, sleep, and nonopioid substance use disorders and most mental health treatments were significantly more likely to receive opioids.
Researchers identified 9 trials examining the efficacy of SSRIs or SSNRIs in the treatment of social, generalized and/or separation anxiety disorder in pediatric patients.
Teen pregnancy is higher among sexual minorities due to maltreatment and bullying.
Investigators believe this is the most comprehensive analysis of epigenetic alterations due to victimization stress in a pediatric population.
White matter brain architecture of crossing fibers in frontotemporal connections was shown to be more expressed in participants with better cognitive performance and less expressed in participants with more severe general psychopathology.
Providing healthy eating and adequate nutrients to a baby during their first 1000 days is important for optimal neurodevelopment.
Study participants received either management as usual or multisystemic therapy for moderate-to-severe antisocial behavior.
Children show higher IQ scores and less sleep problems with the more fish that they consume.
Researchers identified 5 nonmedical themes that affect the decision to conduct predictive genetic testing for psychiatric conditions.
The use of atypical antipsychotics can be reduced with the implementation of a peer review prior authorization policy.
There are distinct treatment trajectories which have different health outcomes for depressed youth.
Non medical use of prescription drugs is linked with dating violence victimization among high school students.
In children with congenital hypothyroidism behavioral problems can be mitigated through appropriate levels of treatment during infancy.
The FDA has granted Orphan Drug Designation to Valbenazine.
Adolescents don't realize that Adderall is an amphetamine.
Depression severity was inversely associated, prospectively, with body mass index (BMI), fat mass index, and lean BMI z scores.
Mental health and behavioral screenings should be routine part of care for pediatric patients with diabetes.
As a result of impaired coronary distensibility index, individuals with adverse childhood experience may have a greater risk for MACE.
Children with celiac disease are at a 1.4-fold increased risk for psychiatric disorders.
Greater opportunities for risk and challenge were associated with fewer reports of bullying to adults.
Treatment with CBT and amitriptyline led to greater improvements in youth with chronic migraine.
Childhood emotional abuse may directly lead to the development of migraine in young adults.
Lack of medical coverage was cited as a reason adolescent and young adult cancer survivors avoid mental health treatment.
A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort, but the mechanism behind it remains unclear.
The decline was seen across all socioeconomic strata.
Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.
The Kupol study provides a unique platform to evaluate the association between different aspects of school and adolescent mental health.
Childhood is a critical developmental period in the brain's response to traumatic stress such as family adversity.
Genetic risk for psychosis influences reward processing in healthy adolescents.
Adolescents who experience chronic pain have higher prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in adulthood.
Progression of infant motor development is associated with cognitive ability in later childhood.
Lead exposure is one of the most common preventable poisonings of childhood, and children are particularly sensitive to the effects of lead.
High-resolution MRI revealed an association between less gray matter and the ability to pronounce and sound out unfamiliar words.
As early as first grade, obese children experience bullying.
Budget cuts and institutions' financial challenges may complicate meeting students' needs and require creative and innovative ways to serve them.
The prevalence of mental health diagnosis and psychotropic medication prescribing varies across US practices.
Those with higher apnea-hypopnea index more impaired than those with lower AHI.
Improved gross motor test scores at age 9 months.
Toddlers with more social-emotional problems more likely to be given mobile technology to calm down.
Transgender children who have socially transitioned have only minimal elevations in anxiety.
Attention bias modification is intended to shift one's attention away from negative stimuli.
Acute Zika virus should be suspected in children who traveled to affected area, have symptoms.
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