Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Infections, Antibiotics Associated With Subsequent Increased Risk for Mental Disorders in Youth

Infections, Antibiotics Associated With Subsequent Increased Risk for Mental Disorders in Youth

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The risk for mental disorders increased after severe infections requiring hospitalizations in children.

Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Motivated by Pain Relief in Adolescence Predicts Later SUD

Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Motivated by Pain Relief in Adolescence Predicts Later SUD

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A set of characteristics of nonmedical use of prescription opioids in adolescents may help identify youth at high risk for substance use disorder, including opioid misuse, in early midlife.

Subthreshold Pediatric Bipolar Disorder Is a Significant Psychiatric Burden

Subthreshold Pediatric Bipolar Disorder Is a Significant Psychiatric Burden

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Researchers evaluated the relationship between pediatric subthreshold bipolar disorder and significant psychiatric impairments and increased rates of suicidality.

Interview-Only Version of Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Effective for OCD Monitoring in Youth

Interview-Only Version of Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Effective for OCD Monitoring in Youth

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Study data found that a single 60-minute interview session may be sufficient for capturing obsessive-compulsive symptoms in youth.

Eating Disorder Prevalence in Children Age 9 to 10 Shows No Sex-Based Differences

Eating Disorder Prevalence in Children Age 9 to 10 Shows No Sex-Based Differences

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No significant sex differences were found in the prevalence of eating disorders in children age 9 to 10.

Mental, Behavior, Developmental Disorders in Children Increased in Low-Income Households

Mental, Behavior, Developmental Disorders in Children Increased in Low-Income Households

Children in lower-income households more often receive a diagnosis of mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders.

Electronic Referrals and Social Workers Improve Use of Mental Health Services for Adolescents

Electronic Referrals and Social Workers Improve Use of Mental Health Services for Adolescents

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Both electronic referral and care management by social workers increase the effective use of mental health services for adolescents in the United States significantly.

Part 2: Adolescent Tech Use & Mental Health: Expert Perspective

Part 2: Adolescent Tech Use & Mental Health: Expert Perspective

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For part 2 of this article, Psychiatry Advisor interviewed Dr Brenda L Curtis, whose research focuses on "big data" generated from social networking sites, technology-based interventions for substance use disorders and related issues, and Internet research ethics.

Cognitive Ability May Help Differentiate OCD From Generalized Anxiety in Children

Cognitive Ability May Help Differentiate OCD From Generalized Anxiety in Children

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A study compared participants with clear diagnoses of either generalized anxiety disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder with each other, as well as with controls, in order to identify cognitive differences between both groups.

Psychosocial Factors Key in Pediatric Care for Special-Needs Kids

Psychosocial Factors Key in Pediatric Care for Special-Needs Kids

Pediatric providers need to be aware of the impact of psychosocial factors on the health and wellness of children and youth with special health care needs and their families.

Childhood Trauma May Be Associated With Psychotic Experiences in Adulthood

Childhood Trauma May Be Associated With Psychotic Experiences in Adulthood

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Exposure to trauma in childhood may be associated with an increased chance of having psychotic experiences in early adulthood.

Part 1: Adolescent Tech Use and Mental Health: Expert Roundtable

Part 1: Adolescent Tech Use and Mental Health: Expert Roundtable

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The use of technology is also transforming the mental health landscape, with significant implications for clinicians who work with adolescents, in particular.

Depressive Symptoms Increased From Age 10 for Sexual-Minority Youth

Depressive Symptoms Increased From Age 10 for Sexual-Minority Youth

Sexual-minority youth have higher depressive symptoms at age 10 and an increased likelihood of self-harm in adolescence and young adulthood.

Antipsychotics Increase Risk for Unexpected Death in Youths

Antipsychotics Increase Risk for Unexpected Death in Youths

Antipsychotic use is associated with an increased risk for unexpected death among children and youths.

Anxiety-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Help Kids in Other Ways

Anxiety-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Help Kids in Other Ways

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Cognitive behavioral therapy that focuses on anxiety may help adolescent patients with other issues such as social skills and depression.

Infections Linked to Increased Later Risk for Mental Disorders

Infections Linked to Increased Later Risk for Mental Disorders

Infections requiring hospitalization or treatment with anti-infective agents are associated with an increased subsequent risk for mental disorders.

Behavioral Health Screening Advocated for Teens With Epilepsy

Behavioral Health Screening Advocated for Teens With Epilepsy

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Teen patients with epilepsy experience high levels of depressive symptoms, with 13% requiring behavioral health interventions.

Psychosocial Intervention Improves Anxiety and Quality of Life in Patients With Psoriasis

Psychosocial Intervention Improves Anxiety and Quality of Life in Patients With Psoriasis

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A recent review found that existing psychosocial interventions using cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based approaches had a small but significant effect on quality of life and anxiety outcomes in patients with psoriasis.

Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Is Effective Treatment for Adolescent Anxiety

Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Is Effective Treatment for Adolescent Anxiety

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Investigators conducted a comprehensive literature review to determine whether CBT is the most effective form of psychotherapy for children with anxiety disorders.

ASD Risk on Offspring With Prenatal Use of Medication Affecting Neurotransmitter System

ASD Risk on Offspring With Prenatal Use of Medication Affecting Neurotransmitter System

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Investigators sought to determine the association between prenatal exposure of medications affecting the neurotransmitter system and the risk for autism spectrum disorders.

USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Prevention of Child Maltreatment

USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Prevention of Child Maltreatment

The USPSTF concludes that the evidence on the benefits and harms of primary care interventions for preventing child maltreatment is currently inadequate.

Sensory Responsiveness in Toddlers at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Sensory Responsiveness in Toddlers at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders

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Investigators aimed to characterize patterns of sensory responsiveness in high-risk children aged 12 to 24 months with and without autism spectrum disorder.

Predictors of CBT Outcomes Identified in Youths With Anxiety Disorders

Predictors of CBT Outcomes Identified in Youths With Anxiety Disorders

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Investigators sought to determine predictors of long-term treatment outcomes in youths with mixed anxiety disorders.

Impulsivity in Bipolar Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, ADHD

Impulsivity in Bipolar Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, ADHD

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Investigators examined the effect of early trauma on impulsivity and the feature of impulsivity in bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, and ADHD.

Pathways for Intellectual Disability in Children: Maternal Mental Illness vs Obstetric Complications

Pathways for Intellectual Disability in Children: Maternal Mental Illness vs Obstetric Complications

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Investigators sought to determine the relationship between familial severe mental illness vs obstetric complications and the risk for developing intellectual disability

AAP: More Children Visiting Pediatric EDs for Mental Health

AAP: More Children Visiting Pediatric EDs for Mental Health

From 2012 to 2016 there was an increase in the number of children visiting pediatric emergency departments with mental health-related diagnoses.

Cannabis Use in Adolescence Associated With Poorer Mental Health Outcomes

Cannabis Use in Adolescence Associated With Poorer Mental Health Outcomes

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These results provide strong evidence for the deleterious and prolonged effects of cannabis use in adolescence.

Sexual Minority Youth at Increased Risk for Suicide Attempt, With Transgender Youth at Highest Risk

Sexual Minority Youth at Increased Risk for Suicide Attempt, With Transgender Youth at Highest Risk

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While all the sexual minority groups had an increased risk for suicide attempt compared with heterosexuals, transgender youths were at the highest risk.

Institutional Rearing Associated With Psychopathology Risk in Children

Institutional Rearing Associated With Psychopathology Risk in Children

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Children reared in an institution are found to have increased vulnerability to psychopathology diagnoses between childhood and adolescence.

Self-Harm, Suicidality Among Adolescents Associated With Poor Outcomes, Recurrent Clinical Care

Self-Harm, Suicidality Among Adolescents Associated With Poor Outcomes, Recurrent Clinical Care

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Youth who engage in self-harm should be a prioritized group for assessment and targeted treatment.

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