Child/Adolescent Psychiatry

Strong Social Networks May Mitigate the Effects of Childhood Adversity

Strong Social Networks May Mitigate the Effects of Childhood Adversity

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These findings support initiatives targeted at reducing the effect of negative early childhood experiences on psychopathology.

Psychotic Experiences Associated With Increased Risk for Eating Disorders in Adolescents

Psychotic Experiences Associated With Increased Risk for Eating Disorders in Adolescents

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These data suggest the need for targeted interventions in children with psychotic experiences to prevent disordered eating behaviors in later adolescence.

TECH Parenting Can Limit Negative Effect of Media on Kids

TECH Parenting Can Limit Negative Effect of Media on Kids

TECH parenting framework can promote positive and specific media parenting behaviors that could help mitigate the potential negative impacts of media consumption for youth.

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

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Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.

Factors That Influence Whether Adolescents Seek Help for Depression

Factors That Influence Whether Adolescents Seek Help for Depression

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Clinical intervention focusing on parental involvement may be effective in combating depression in children.

Exploring Physical Activity Trends in Youth at Clinically High Risk for Psychosis

Exploring Physical Activity Trends in Youth at Clinically High Risk for Psychosis

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Treatment modes targeting motivation may be effective in promoting exercise in youth at clinically high risk for psychosis.

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Increases Risk for Aggressive Behavior in Offspring

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Increases Risk for Aggressive Behavior in Offspring

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The findings of this study provide evidence for a small direct link between maternal smoking during pregnancy and aggression in offspring.

Antipsychotics Associated With Increased Adiposity, Decreased Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

Antipsychotics Associated With Increased Adiposity, Decreased Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

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Adverse changes in adiposity and insulin sensitivity are potential risk factors for premature cardiometabolic morbidity and should be considered by clinicians in planning antipsychotic treatment course for youths.

Technology-Enhanced Intervention in the ED Appears Promising for Reducing Underage Drinking, Consequences

Technology-Enhanced Intervention in the ED Appears Promising for Reducing Underage Drinking, Consequences

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This intervention provides flexibility in the clinical setting, allowing for therapist delivery when staff is available and computer delivery when staff resources are not available.

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder May Be at Greater Risk for Food Allergies

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder May Be at Greater Risk for Food Allergies

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At least 2 previous studies have reported a relationship between food sensitivities and autism spectrum disorder, while other research has focused primarily on respiratory and skin allergies.

Preoperative Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Associated With Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Preoperative Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Associated With Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

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Psychiatric diagnoses may not be a contraindication to weight loss surgery.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

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The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

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Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

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Medication continuity in youth with ADHD is affected by several potentially modifiable factors that could be productive targets of intervention for pediatricians.

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

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These findings offer preliminary evidence of the validity of the short UPPS-P-C to screen for impulsivity traits in both typically developing children and in those with ADHD.

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

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While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

Social Deficits May Be Reversible Among Transgender Youth

Social Deficits May Be Reversible Among Transgender Youth

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Recent research following transgender individuals from late childhood into young adulthood shows that gender-affirmative hormonal and surgical care results in normative global functioning.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Examining the Relationship Between Childhood Anxiety, Depression and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Examining the Relationship Between Childhood Anxiety, Depression and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

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The potential plasticity of the cardiovascular system during childhood may explain the lack of significant relationship between depression and anxiety symptomatology and CVD risk in this study population.

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

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Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.

Social Hygiene: Screening for Social Media Addiction in Adolescent Patients

Social Hygiene: Screening for Social Media Addiction in Adolescent Patients

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Adolescents love their phones. But what is the downside of this addictive technology?

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.

Decrease in medication use among US children and adolescents

While overall prescribing of medications decreased compared with the early 2000s, the use of ADHD medication, asthma medicine, and contraceptive use increased while use of antibiotics, antihistamines, and upper respiratory combination medications decreased.

Children's hospital visits for suicide ideation and attempts are increasing

The percentage of patients seen at children's hospitals for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts more than doubled between 2008 and 2015. The academic school year may play a role.

Emotional regulation intervention linked to decreased high risk sexual behavior

Adolescents with no baseline sexual activity who underwent an emotional regulation sexual health intervention were less likely to report first-time vaginal or anal sex over a follow-up period of 30 months compared with adolescents who underwent a traditional health promotion sexual health intervention.

 Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

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Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

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Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.

Psychotropic Medication Use in Young Children Indicates Need for Outcomes Research

Psychotropic Medication Use in Young Children Indicates Need for Outcomes Research

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The investigators found that 4550 children had a psychiatric diagnosis (19.7%) by the age of 8 years, and that 57.7% of these diagnoses were behavioral.

Risk for Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

Risk for Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

Medicaid-insured children are at increased risk for mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions after hospitalization for an injury.

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