Child/Adolescent Psychiatry

Social Hygiene: Screening for Social Media Addiction in Adolescent Patients

Social Hygiene: Screening for Social Media Addiction in Adolescent Patients

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Adolescents love their phones. But what is the downside of this addictive technology?

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.

Decrease in medication use among US children and adolescents

While overall prescribing of medications decreased compared with the early 2000s, the use of ADHD medication, asthma medicine, and contraceptive use increased while use of antibiotics, antihistamines, and upper respiratory combination medications decreased.

Children's hospital visits for suicide ideation and attempts are increasing

The percentage of patients seen at children's hospitals for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts more than doubled between 2008 and 2015. The academic school year may play a role.

Emotional regulation intervention linked to decreased high risk sexual behavior

Adolescents with no baseline sexual activity who underwent an emotional regulation sexual health intervention were less likely to report first-time vaginal or anal sex over a follow-up period of 30 months compared with adolescents who underwent a traditional health promotion sexual health intervention.

 Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

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Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

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Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.

Psychotropic Medication Use in Young Children Indicates Need for Outcomes Research

Psychotropic Medication Use in Young Children Indicates Need for Outcomes Research

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The investigators found that 4550 children had a psychiatric diagnosis (19.7%) by the age of 8 years, and that 57.7% of these diagnoses were behavioral.

Risk for Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

Risk for Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

Medicaid-insured children are at increased risk for mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions after hospitalization for an injury.

Mental Health Comorbidity Examined in Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth

Mental Health Comorbidity Examined in Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth

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These findings suggest an urgent need for improved measures of social and clinical support in transgender and/or gender-nonconforming youth.

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

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The presence of sleep disorders in children with chronic pain may result in greater pain levels and pain interference, a relationship that may in part be mediated by anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Latent Variable Approach Effective in Parsing Neural Mechanisms of Co-Occurring Anxiety, Irritability in Youth

Latent Variable Approach Effective in Parsing Neural Mechanisms of Co-Occurring Anxiety, Irritability in Youth

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These results indicate that a "latent variable" approach may be useful for neuropsychiatric research involving co-occurring symptoms.

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

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Parents using intervention strategies in addition to the interventionist working directly with the child can be very beneficial, as an interventionist only gets to see a child for a few hours a week.

Questions Surround Concept of Internet Gaming Disorder

Questions Surround Concept of Internet Gaming Disorder

The concept of internet gaming disorder and the pathways leading to it are unclear.

Several Techniques of Self-Regulation Training Effective in Children

Several Techniques of Self-Regulation Training Effective in Children

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The findings of this review would be useful for policy makers, educators, and health professionals focusing on prevention, as self-regulation attracts more attention as an intervention target.

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

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These results challenge modern theories that disturbances in the endogenous opioid of patients with autism may affect pain reactivity.

Beyond Normal Attachment: Managing Childhood Separation Anxiety Disorder

Beyond Normal Attachment: Managing Childhood Separation Anxiety Disorder

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Cognitive behavioral therapy may be effective for children in learning how to separate from their parents and engage in activities.

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

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The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.

Self-Regulation Interventions Beneficial for Children

Self-Regulation Interventions Beneficial for Children

A range of interventions can successfully improve self-regulation in children and adolescents.

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

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These data confirmed the increased risk for psychiatric disorders in women with PCOS, and indicated an increased risk for ADHD and ASD in their children.

Psychosis Could Be a Potential Side Effect of Steroid Treatment in Kids

Psychosis Could Be a Potential Side Effect of Steroid Treatment in Kids

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Iatrogenic steroid-induced psychosis is a rare side effect of glucocorticoid therapy which is mostly seen in adults, although it has been reported in children and adolescents.

Risk for Neurodevelopmental Disorders Increased in Siblings of ADHD Probands

Risk for Neurodevelopmental Disorders Increased in Siblings of ADHD Probands

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These results may be used to improve early identification of at-risk siblings based on a proband diagnosis of ADHD.

Bullying, Maltreatment in Childhood May Increase Risk for Teen Pregnancy

Bullying, Maltreatment in Childhood May Increase Risk for Teen Pregnancy

Teen pregnancy is higher among sexual minorities due to maltreatment and bullying.

Heavy Cigarette Smoking in Adolescence May Increase Risk for Psychosis

Heavy Cigarette Smoking in Adolescence May Increase Risk for Psychosis

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Despite the recognition that early daily tobacco use likely increases the risk for later psychosis, investigation of the effect of covariates such as substance use, existing psychotic features, or parental/family factors was lacking in the literature.

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders likely to be vastly underdiagnosed in US

A multisite, cross-sectional study found a large mismatch between previously diagnosed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the actual prevalence of cases identified.

Limited Evidence of Victimization-Induced DNA Methylation

Limited Evidence of Victimization-Induced DNA Methylation

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Investigators believe this is the most comprehensive analysis of epigenetic alterations due to victimization stress in a pediatric population.

Heritable Cognitive Ability, Psychopathology Associated With White Matter Properties

Heritable Cognitive Ability, Psychopathology Associated With White Matter Properties

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White matter brain architecture of crossing fibers in frontotemporal connections was shown to be more expressed in participants with better cognitive performance and less expressed in participants with more severe general psychopathology.

Third Trimester Maternal SSRI Exposure Linked to Depression, Anxiety in Offspring

Third Trimester Maternal SSRI Exposure Linked to Depression, Anxiety in Offspring

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The issue of whether and how prenatal SSRI exposure affects offspring has remained murky.

Consuming Fish May Improve Long-Term Cognitive Functioning in Children

Consuming Fish May Improve Long-Term Cognitive Functioning in Children

Children show higher IQ scores and less sleep problems with the more fish that they consume.

Predictive Psychiatric Genetic Testing for At-Risk Minors: Risk vs Reward

Predictive Psychiatric Genetic Testing for At-Risk Minors: Risk vs Reward

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Researchers identified 5 nonmedical themes that affect the decision to conduct predictive genetic testing for psychiatric conditions.

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