autism spectrum disorders
Currently, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends pregnant women receive the Tdap vaccination to prevent pertussis infection.
Levels of p,p'-DDE were higher in mothers of children with autism than in mothers of children in the control group.
Understanding the course of autism symptoms over a period of years could help clinicians diagnose cases after early childhood.
Autism spectrum disorder is associated with increased risk for depression in young adulthood.
The strong association between PCOS and autism raises the question of whether early treatments or surveillance might be considered for one condition given the presence of the other.
Maternal prepregnancy obesity without pregestational diabetes mellitus or gestational diabetes mellitus was associated with a slightly increased risk of having a child with a neurodevelopmental or psychiatric disorder.
Of the 14 families, 12 reported observing increased eye contact and greater social acuity in the children.
The high risk for several neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders supports more extended use of genetic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry.
At least 2 previous studies have reported a relationship between food sensitivities and autism spectrum disorder, while other research has focused primarily on respiratory and skin allergies.
Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.
The researchers emphasized the importance of continuing the path toward precise tools for early autism diagnosis that will enable prompt intervention.
There is international consensus as to the importance of work experience and vocational training for helping individuals with ASD obtain employment.
These data indicate an increased need for "behavioral, educational, residential, and occupational services" at various levels across the United States and emphasize the importance of research on the risk factors for ASD.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been used for refractory psychiatric conditions in the United States since 1938. Despite this, few practitioners are comfortable recommending ECT for minors.
Parents using intervention strategies in addition to the interventionist working directly with the child can be very beneficial, as an interventionist only gets to see a child for a few hours a week.
One of the requirements for diagnosing OCD is that the individuals don't want to engage in their behaviors. However, youth with autism who have verbal skills often say that they feel content with their repetitive behaviors and have no interest in stopping them.
These results challenge modern theories that disturbances in the endogenous opioid of patients with autism may affect pain reactivity.
Awareness of ASD and its manifestations and comorbidities remain imperative in the treatment of T1D, as both conditions require long-term medical follow-up to continue improving diabetes care and metabolic control outcomes.
The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.
One of the biggest challenges faced by individuals with ASD is finding ways to be happy and successful in a neurotypical world.
These data confirmed the increased risk for psychiatric disorders in women with PCOS, and indicated an increased risk for ADHD and ASD in their children.
Recognizing the increased risk for mood disorders in children with ASD and ADHD may be useful for clinicians and parents in developing proper screening and treatment strategies.
Greater depth of ultrasonography may be more likely to alter subependymal or germinal matrix cell migration rather than the more superficial cerebral cortical cells of the developing brain.
Cognitive enhancement therapy seems to be beneficial in neurocognitive function for adults with autism spectrum disorder.
These findings may prove valuable in counseling families about the likelihood of disease recurrence in subsequent offspring.
Psychiatrists should think beyond traditional models of therapy when looking to engage patients with ASD.
Dixdc1 knockout mice demonstrated behaviors suggestive of depression, anxiety, and impaired social behavior.
Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.
While past studies have shown that younger siblings with an affected older sibling are at higher risk of autism, these findings have not been evaluated in a large, racially and ethnically diverse population.
These results are contrary to results from a prior large population study.
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