Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Robot Will See You Now: The Increasing Role of Robotics in Psychiatric Care

The Robot Will See You Now: The Increasing Role of Robotics in Psychiatric Care

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Dr Pransky shares some examples of robots that have shown impressive psychiatric applications, as well as her thoughts on giving robots the critical role of delivering healthcare to human beings.

Prenatal Exposure to Air Pollutants Linked With Increased Incidence of Autism

Prenatal Exposure to Air Pollutants Linked With Increased Incidence of Autism

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Researchers investigated a potential link between increased risk for autism and prenatal exposure to air pollution.

Risk Increased for Later-Born Siblings of Children With ASD, ADHD

Risk Increased for Later-Born Siblings of Children With ASD, ADHD

Later-born siblings of children with ASD or ADHD have an elevated risk of being diagnosed with the same or the other disorder.

ASD Risk on Offspring With Prenatal Use of Medication Affecting Neurotransmitter System

ASD Risk on Offspring With Prenatal Use of Medication Affecting Neurotransmitter System

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Investigators sought to determine the association between prenatal exposure of medications affecting the neurotransmitter system and the risk for autism spectrum disorders.

Estimated 2.5 Percent of US Children Diagnosed With Autism

Estimated 2.5 Percent of US Children Diagnosed With Autism

The prevalence of parent-reported autism spectrum disorder is estimated at 2.5% among US children aged 3 to 17 years.

Sensory Responsiveness in Toddlers at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Sensory Responsiveness in Toddlers at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders

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Investigators aimed to characterize patterns of sensory responsiveness in high-risk children aged 12 to 24 months with and without autism spectrum disorder.

Social Stigma Worsens Mental Health With Autism

Social Stigma Worsens Mental Health With Autism

Stress related to social stigma may contribute to why people with autism experience more mental health problems than the general population.

New Blood Test Identifies Metabolic Subtypes Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

New Blood Test Identifies Metabolic Subtypes Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

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NeuroPointDX announced the availability of the NPDX AA test, the first objective blood test that identifies metabolic subtypes associated with ASD in children as young as 18 months old.

Odds of Overweight/Obesity Up for Children With Autism

Odds of Overweight/Obesity Up for Children With Autism

Children with ASD have increased odds of overweight/obesity compared with general population controls after adjustment for child co-occurring conditions.

Does Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Increase Autism Risk in Offspring?

Does Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Increase Autism Risk in Offspring?

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Currently, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends pregnant women receive the Tdap vaccination to prevent pertussis infection.

Prenatal Insecticide Exposure in Mother May Be Linked to Risk for Autism in Children

Prenatal Insecticide Exposure in Mother May Be Linked to Risk for Autism in Children

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Levels of p,p'-DDE were higher in mothers of children with autism than in mothers of children in the control group.

Symptom Trajectories Vary According to Language Development in Autism

Symptom Trajectories Vary According to Language Development in Autism

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Understanding the course of autism symptoms over a period of years could help clinicians diagnose cases after early childhood.

Risk for Depression Up in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Risk for Depression Up in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder is associated with increased risk for depression in young adulthood.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Associated With Autism in Mothers and Children

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Associated With Autism in Mothers and Children

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The strong association between PCOS and autism raises the question of whether early treatments or surveillance might be considered for one condition given the presence of the other.

Prototype Google Glass for Social-Affective Learning May Benefit Children With Autism

Prototype Google Glass for Social-Affective Learning May Benefit Children With Autism

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Of the 14 families, 12 reported observing increased eye contact and greater social acuity in the children.

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

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The high risk for several neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders supports more extended use of genetic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry.

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder May Be at Greater Risk for Food Allergies

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder May Be at Greater Risk for Food Allergies

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At least 2 previous studies have reported a relationship between food sensitivities and autism spectrum disorder, while other research has focused primarily on respiratory and skin allergies.

Smartphone Technology Allows Diagnosis of Autism in ResearchKit Feasibility Study

Smartphone Technology Allows Diagnosis of Autism in ResearchKit Feasibility Study

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Although these tools are only for research at the moment, they lay the foundation for what may become accessible, affordable, and scalable tools for the early identification of autism and other childhood developmental disorders in the future.

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Early Autism Screening Tools: Getting to the Bottom of False Negatives

Early Autism Screening Tools: Getting to the Bottom of False Negatives

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The researchers emphasized the importance of continuing the path toward precise tools for early autism diagnosis that will enable prompt intervention.

Pivotal Response Treatment Plus NAO Robot Effective in Autism

Pivotal Response Treatment Plus NAO Robot Effective in Autism

Parent-mediated pivotal response treatment using a humanoid robot may be effective for reducing ASD-related symptoms in young children.

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

FDA Fast-Tracks Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorder

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There are currently no approved pharmacological treatments that address these core symptoms of ASD.

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

There is international consensus as to the importance of work experience and vocational training for helping individuals with ASD obtain employment.

CDC Report: Examining the Prevalence of Autism Among Children in the United States

CDC Report: Examining the Prevalence of Autism Among Children in the United States

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These data indicate an increased need for "behavioral, educational, residential, and occupational services" at various levels across the United States and emphasize the importance of research on the risk factors for ASD.

Electroconvulsive Therapy Effective in Children With Autism

Electroconvulsive Therapy Effective in Children With Autism

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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been used for refractory psychiatric conditions in the United States since 1938. Despite this, few practitioners are comfortable recommending ECT for minors.

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

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Parents using intervention strategies in addition to the interventionist working directly with the child can be very beneficial, as an interventionist only gets to see a child for a few hours a week.

Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorder and OCD: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorder and OCD: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

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One of the requirements for diagnosing OCD is that the individuals don't want to engage in their behaviors. However, youth with autism who have verbal skills often say that they feel content with their repetitive behaviors and have no interest in stopping them.

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

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These results challenge modern theories that disturbances in the endogenous opioid of patients with autism may affect pain reactivity.

Autism Does Not Affect Metabolic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

Autism Does Not Affect Metabolic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

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Awareness of ASD and its manifestations and comorbidities remain imperative in the treatment of T1D, as both conditions require long-term medical follow-up to continue improving diabetes care and metabolic control outcomes.

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

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The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.

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