autism spectrum disorders

Social Stigma Worsens Mental Health With Autism

Social Stigma Worsens Mental Health With Autism

Stress related to social stigma may contribute to why people with autism experience more mental health problems than the general population.

New Blood Test Identifies Metabolic Subtypes Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

New Blood Test Identifies Metabolic Subtypes Linked to Autism Spectrum Disorder

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NeuroPointDX announced the availability of the NPDX AA test, the first objective blood test that identifies metabolic subtypes associated with ASD in children as young as 18 months old.

Odds of Overweight/Obesity Up for Children With Autism

Odds of Overweight/Obesity Up for Children With Autism

Children with ASD have increased odds of overweight/obesity compared with general population controls after adjustment for child co-occurring conditions.

Does Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Increase Autism Risk in Offspring?

Does Prenatal Tdap Vaccination Increase Autism Risk in Offspring?

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Currently, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends pregnant women receive the Tdap vaccination to prevent pertussis infection.

Prenatal Insecticide Exposure in Mother May Be Linked to Risk for Autism in Children

Prenatal Insecticide Exposure in Mother May Be Linked to Risk for Autism in Children

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Levels of p,p'-DDE were higher in mothers of children with autism than in mothers of children in the control group.

Symptom Trajectories Vary According to Language Development in Autism

Symptom Trajectories Vary According to Language Development in Autism

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Understanding the course of autism symptoms over a period of years could help clinicians diagnose cases after early childhood.

Risk for Depression Up in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Risk for Depression Up in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism spectrum disorder is associated with increased risk for depression in young adulthood.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Associated With Autism in Mothers and Children

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Associated With Autism in Mothers and Children

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The strong association between PCOS and autism raises the question of whether early treatments or surveillance might be considered for one condition given the presence of the other.

Risk of autism in offspring linked to maternal pregestational diabetes and severe obesity

Maternal prepregnancy obesity without pregestational diabetes mellitus or gestational diabetes mellitus was associated with a slightly increased risk of having a child with a neurodevelopmental or psychiatric disorder.

Prototype Google Glass for Social-Affective Learning May Benefit Children With Autism

Prototype Google Glass for Social-Affective Learning May Benefit Children With Autism

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Of the 14 families, 12 reported observing increased eye contact and greater social acuity in the children.

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

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The high risk for several neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders supports more extended use of genetic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry.

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder May Be at Greater Risk for Food Allergies

Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder May Be at Greater Risk for Food Allergies

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At least 2 previous studies have reported a relationship between food sensitivities and autism spectrum disorder, while other research has focused primarily on respiratory and skin allergies.

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Early Autism Screening Tools: Getting to the Bottom of False Negatives

Early Autism Screening Tools: Getting to the Bottom of False Negatives

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The researchers emphasized the importance of continuing the path toward precise tools for early autism diagnosis that will enable prompt intervention.

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

There is international consensus as to the importance of work experience and vocational training for helping individuals with ASD obtain employment.

CDC Report: Examining the Prevalence of Autism Among Children in the United States

CDC Report: Examining the Prevalence of Autism Among Children in the United States

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These data indicate an increased need for "behavioral, educational, residential, and occupational services" at various levels across the United States and emphasize the importance of research on the risk factors for ASD.

Electroconvulsive Therapy Effective in Children With Autism

Electroconvulsive Therapy Effective in Children With Autism

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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been used for refractory psychiatric conditions in the United States since 1938. Despite this, few practitioners are comfortable recommending ECT for minors.

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

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Parents using intervention strategies in addition to the interventionist working directly with the child can be very beneficial, as an interventionist only gets to see a child for a few hours a week.

Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorder and OCD: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorder and OCD: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

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One of the requirements for diagnosing OCD is that the individuals don't want to engage in their behaviors. However, youth with autism who have verbal skills often say that they feel content with their repetitive behaviors and have no interest in stopping them.

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

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These results challenge modern theories that disturbances in the endogenous opioid of patients with autism may affect pain reactivity.

Autism Does Not Affect Metabolic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

Autism Does Not Affect Metabolic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

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Awareness of ASD and its manifestations and comorbidities remain imperative in the treatment of T1D, as both conditions require long-term medical follow-up to continue improving diabetes care and metabolic control outcomes.

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

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The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

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One of the biggest challenges faced by individuals with ASD is finding ways to be happy and successful in a neurotypical world.

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

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These data confirmed the increased risk for psychiatric disorders in women with PCOS, and indicated an increased risk for ADHD and ASD in their children.

Children With Autism, ADHD at Increased Risk for Anxiety, Mood Disorders

Children With Autism, ADHD at Increased Risk for Anxiety, Mood Disorders

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Recognizing the increased risk for mood disorders in children with ASD and ADHD may be useful for clinicians and parents in developing proper screening and treatment strategies.

Autism and Depth of Prenatal Ultrasonographic Penetration: Is There a Link?

Autism and Depth of Prenatal Ultrasonographic Penetration: Is There a Link?

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Greater depth of ultrasonography may be more likely to alter subependymal or germinal matrix cell migration rather than the more superficial cerebral cortical cells of the developing brain.

Cognitive Enhancement Therapy Beneficial for Neurocognitive Function in Autism

Cognitive Enhancement Therapy Beneficial for Neurocognitive Function in Autism

Cognitive enhancement therapy seems to be beneficial in neurocognitive function for adults with autism spectrum disorder.

Genetic Counseling in Autism: Risk of Recurrence Based on Sibling's Gender

Genetic Counseling in Autism: Risk of Recurrence Based on Sibling's Gender

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These findings may prove valuable in counseling families about the likelihood of disease recurrence in subsequent offspring.

Treating ASD With Theater: Interview with Expert Dr Blythe Corbett

Treating ASD With Theater: Interview with Expert Dr Blythe Corbett

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Psychiatrists should think beyond traditional models of therapy when looking to engage patients with ASD.

Study Elucidates Role of DIXDC1 Gene in Psychiatric Pathogenesis

Study Elucidates Role of DIXDC1 Gene in Psychiatric Pathogenesis

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Dixdc1 knockout mice demonstrated behaviors suggestive of depression, anxiety, and impaired social behavior.

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