Zaid Kasmikha

All articles by Zaid Kasmikha

Cardio renal syndrome

1. Description of the problem What every clinician needs to know Cardiorenal syndromes (CRS) have been subdivided into five syndromes representing clinical vignettes in which both the heart and the kidney are involved in bidirectional injury and dysfunction via a final common pathway of cell-to-cell death and accelerated apoptosis mediated by a variety of mechanisms…

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