Ryan Moran, Author at Psychiatry Advisor

Ryan Moran

All articles by Ryan Moran

Disorders of Potassium: Hypokalemia and Hyperkalemia

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has hypokalemia or hyperkalemia? What are the typical findings for this disease? Potassium is the predominant intracellular cation. Normal serum potassium levels are between 3.5 and 5.5 mEq/L. This is much less than intracellular levels that range between 140 and 150 mEq/L. The…

Disorders of Calcium: Hypocalcemia and Hypercalcemia

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia? What are the typical findings for this disease? Calcium is an important divalent cation required for many enzymatic and cellular functions. It is a critical component of bone ossification, and as one would expect, about 99% of total body…

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