Rackoff Paula

All articles by Rackoff Paula

Ankylosing Spondylitis and Osteoporosis

Are You Sure the Patient Has Ankylosing Spondylitis and Osteoporosis? Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that primarily affects the axial skeleton and inflammation at sites of bony insertions for tendons and ligaments (enthesitis). It is associated with a strong genetic predisposition with HLA-B27. Extra-skeletal involvement can include: uveitis, aortitis (rare), conduction rhythm…

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoporosis

Are You Sure the Patient Has Rheumatoid Arthritis? Revised American Rheumatology Association Criteria for the Classification of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): For classification purposes, a patient is said to have RA if he or she has satisfied at least 4 of the following 7 criteria. Criteria 1 through 4 must have been present for at least…

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