Individuals with a history of abuse experience higher levels of pain, anxiety, and depression.
Regular evaluation and assessment along with a personalized “step approach” is essential for effective pain management.
Genetic factors and the environment patients share with their partner or spouse may determine their risk of developing chronic pain and help explain the association between chronic pain and depression.
Clinicians should focus on treating patients’ pain and psychological conditions together.
Research identifies high comorbidity rates between these 2 distinct diseases with underlying inflammation dysfunction.
Early intervention strategies are needed to address potential substance use and misuse in adolescents with mental disorders.
Children and teens with chronic headache pain and suspected of having an underlying psychiatric condition should be screened for anxiety and depression.