M. Frank Rachel, Author at Psychiatry Advisor

M. Frank Rachel

All articles by M. Frank Rachel

Evaluation and Management of Multidirectional Glenohumeral Instability

The Problem Multidirectional instability (MDI) of the shoulder is a difficult problem consisting of symptomatic inferior and anterior/posterior hyperlaxity. The mainstay of treatment is conservative management consisting of postural and periscapular stabilization rehabilitation exercises. For those patients who fail a trial of conservative management, both arthroscopic and open techniques have been described. Clinical Presentation The…

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