With sleep and wakefulness being regulated by several neuronal populations, the study authors sought determine which neuronal pathways are crucial for the circadian regulation of sleep/wakefulness.
All articles by Jessica Nye, PhD
With little being known about the predictors or moderators of dTMS outcome for OCD, this study sought to examine if several theoretically relevant variables may predict and moderate treatment effects including OCD symptom severity, functional impairment, co-occurring depressive symptoms, age, gender, age of OCD onset, and family history of OCD.
The study authors sought to determine which components of the peripheral immune response correlated with diagnoses of Alzheimer or Parkinson Disease.
This study summarizes current literature for the effect of borderline personality disorder on the treatment response and management of patients affected by major depressive disorder.
Goal attainment can be facilitated by using an if-then planning self-regulation strategy. The study authors investigated whether there are individual differences in if-then planning.
With an increase in firearm purchases during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study looks at whether firearm purchases differ in terms of suicide risk from nonfirearm owners and firearm owners who did not purchase firearms during the pandemic.
Prkar2a deficiency led to decreased habenular PKA enzymatic activity and impaired dendritic localization of PKA catalytic subunits in MHb neurons. Re-expression of Prkar2a in the Hb rescued this phenotype confirming differential roles for Prkar2a in regulating the drives for palatable foods and voluntary exercise.
Investigators assessed whether depression, adjusted for preexisting gastrointestinal symptoms, is associated with subsequent inflammatory bowel disease.
This study aimed to evaluate changes in sleep during the COVID-19 outbreak, and used data-driven approaches to identify distinct profiles of changes in sleep-related behaviors. Demographic, behavioral and psychological factors associated with sleep changes were also investigated.
Mindfulness-based interventions have gained extensive support for their application in the treatment of anxiety, but their mechanisms remain largely unexplored. Excessive reactivity to uncertainty plays a central role in anxiety, and may represent a mechanism for the effect of mindfulness on anxiety.
Given that COVID-19 has placed a heavy burden on health care workers, this study was carried out to determine burnout levels and sleep quality of nurses during the pandemic.
The researchers in this study completed a controlled interrupted time series analysis of the impact of COVID-19 confinement using the purchase data from 23,833 British households.
Researchers reviewed COVID-19 literature to determine the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and adverse COVID-19 outcomes.
The adults recruited were randomized to 2 groups. A 4 week intervention of Oropharyngeal Stimulation was given to the subjects for 20 minutes for Group A. Group B conducted Tongue PNF.
To evaluate the mobile app, two groups of spider-fearful individuals played either the Spider App (experimental group) or a non-spider associated app (control group) twice a day for approximately 12 min for 7 days.
With global measures to prevent infection implemented to combat COVID-19, experts assume that the pandemic is affecting people with obsessive-compulsive disorder, especially those with washing compulsions.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the longitudinal association between depression and subsequent attainment, and its potential effect modifiers and mediators.
Using data from 69 million individuals, researchers assessed whether a diagnosis of COVID-19 compared with other health events was associated with increased rates of subsequent psychiatric diagnoses, and whether patients with a history of psychiatric illness are at a higher risk of being diagnosed with COVID-19.
Specific structural changes in the brain may indicate genetic risk for schizophrenia and suggest different neurobiological pathways to the disorder.
Looking at the patterns of association between age and loneliness, they often vary. This study examines age-related differences in risk and protective factors for loneliness.
There is a need for better understanding of factors that influence stress response as little progress has been made to effectively reduce stress responses. Evidence suggests that diet may be a factor in modifying the effects of stress.
While the COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with the onset of psychiatric disorders in adults, little is known about children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder.
Study authors examined the impact of substance use disorder on the risk of hospitalization, complications, and mortality among adult patients diagnosed with COVID-19.
This study looks at whether inflammatory pathways share a genetic background with individual depressive symptoms and if they may potentially causally contribute to them.
While the global pandemic is obviously stressful for everyone, the impact of factors related to the family unit and other protective psychosocial factors that could produce resilient or psychopathological results in college students has not been sufficiently assessed nor differentiated by gender.
Shorter periods of euthymia are associated with poorer functioning, thus it is crucial to identify predictors of relapse to facilitate treatment.
By understanding the time-varying association of pre-migration and post-migration stressors in the mental health of refugees, tailored health promotion services could be designed for different resettlement stages thus improving the efficiency of resource allocation.
Given the rising numbers of opioid use among women, researchers sought to provide a review of opioid use disorder in women and the implications for treatment.
Given the interactions of sleep with learning and memory, researchers hypothesized that increasing sleep duration following trauma exposure would restore overall function and improve trauma-induced fear-associated memory dysfunction.
This study examines whether the genetic variation near the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is associated with risk of Alzheimer disease independently of the ε2/ε3/ε4 genotype.
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