Elinor Lee, Author at Psychiatry Advisor

Elinor Lee

All articles by Elinor Lee

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

What every physician needs to know: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung syndrome characterized by an accumulation of surfactant within the alveoli, leading to pulmonary symptoms, increased infection risk, and in severe cases, hypoxic respiratory failure. The most common type is autoimmune PAP, which is associated with autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)…