Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Rates of ADHD Diagnosis, Treatment Increased for August-Born Children

Rates of ADHD Diagnosis, Treatment Increased for August-Born Children

In states with a Sept. 1 cutoff for kindergarten entry, the rates of ADHD diagnosis and treatment are higher for children born in August than those born in September.

Migraine Associated With Self-Reported ADHD Symptoms in University Students

Migraine Associated With Self-Reported ADHD Symptoms in University Students

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Migraine may be associated with self-reported attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder symptoms in university students.

Exposure to Maternal Diabetes Increases Risk for ADHD in Offspring

Exposure to Maternal Diabetes Increases Risk for ADHD in Offspring

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The 3 main types of diabetes during pregnancy were associated with offspring ADHD risk in a hierarchical order.

Impulsivity in Bipolar Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, ADHD

Impulsivity in Bipolar Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, ADHD

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Investigators examined the effect of early trauma on impulsivity and the feature of impulsivity in bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, and ADHD.

Methylphenidate for ADHD Treatment May Be Associated With Low BMI

Methylphenidate for ADHD Treatment May Be Associated With Low BMI

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The relationship between ADHD, MPH use, and growth appears complex, given that a consistent effect could not be observed across all ADHD conditions.

Certain Lots of Quillivant XR May Potentially Have Quality/Efficacy Issues

Certain Lots of Quillivant XR May Potentially Have Quality/Efficacy Issues

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Quillivant XR, a central nervous system stimulant, is indicated to treat ADHD in patients aged 6 years and older.

Anatomical Patterns Present in Childhood ADHD May Predict Phenotypic Variation

Anatomical Patterns Present in Childhood ADHD May Predict Phenotypic Variation

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The authors identified 4 anatomical patterns in participants with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder associated with head size, delayed development, symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and cognitive performance.

History of ADHD Associated With Increased Risk for Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum Disorders

History of ADHD Associated With Increased Risk for Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum Disorders

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Patients with ADHD may require careful monitoring to permit early detection and treatment of disorders of the basal ganglia or cerebellum.

ADHD Symptom Aggression Not Mediated by Clinical Anxiety

ADHD Symptom Aggression Not Mediated by Clinical Anxiety

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These results do not support existing hypotheses on the role of anxiety as either an exacerbating or protective factor for ADHD-related aggression.

Smaller Brain Regions Associated With ADHD, Conduct Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents

Smaller Brain Regions Associated With ADHD, Conduct Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents

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Researchers analyzed neuroimaging data from a group of 1093 adolescents from the IMAGEN project.

Cesarean Delivery, Early Childhood Antibiotic Use Not Associated With Risk for ADHD

Cesarean Delivery, Early Childhood Antibiotic Use Not Associated With Risk for ADHD

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This research rejects any association between increased risk for ADHD and changes in children's microbiota related to cesarean delivery or antibiotic use.

Improving Medication Adherence in ADHD Lowers Risk for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder in Adulthood

Improving Medication Adherence in ADHD Lowers Risk for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder in Adulthood

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Researchers found that children who were compliant with drug therapy had a significantly lower risk for oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder than those who were noncompliant.

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

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Clinicians may find these data useful in considering the mediating effects of family function and psychiatric comorbidities among patients with ADHD.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Increasing Among US Children and Adolescents

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Increasing Among US Children and Adolescents

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This increase may be the result of expanded continuing medical education regarding ADHD that has raised physician awareness, as well as modifications in diagnostic criteria.

Differences in Efficacy and Tolerability of ADHD Medications Across Age Groups

Differences in Efficacy and Tolerability of ADHD Medications Across Age Groups

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Guidelines on which ADHD medications should be preferred across different age groups are unclear, and the safety and benefits of these medications remain controversial.

Adult Smoking and Depression Are Contributing Factors to ADHD in Children and Adolescents

Adult Smoking and Depression Are Contributing Factors to ADHD in Children and Adolescents

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The authors argue that, given the findings of this study, the awareness of the detrimental effects of both smoking and depression upon children should be raised among parents.

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

From 1997-1998 to 2015-2016, there was an increase in the prevalence of ADHD among children.

FDA Rejects ADHD Drug NDA Citing Need for More Data

FDA Rejects ADHD Drug NDA Citing Need for More Data

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The FDA stated that the dasotraline NDA cannot be approved in its current form and is requiring additional data to further assess the efficacy and tolerability of the drug.

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

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Compared with controls, those with subthreshold ADHD experienced greater impairments in social functioning and had higher rates of requiring extra help in school.

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate should be considered as a first choice for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents.

ADHD modestly associated with higher frequency of digital media use among teens

In this prospective cohort trial, teens with significant ADHD symptoms were slightly more likely to be associated with a higher frequency of digital media use.

ADHD Medications Compared for Efficacy, Tolerability in Children and Adults

ADHD Medications Compared for Efficacy, Tolerability in Children and Adults

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The 7 treatments included in the study were amphetamines (including lisdexamfetamine), atomoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, guanfacine, methylphenidate, and modafinil.

Jornay PM Approved for the Treatment of ADHD

Jornay PM Approved for the Treatment of ADHD

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Jornay PM utilizes the proprietary Delexis drug delivery platform which consists of 2 functional film coatings: the first layer delays the initial drug release for up to 10 hours and the second layer helps control the release rate of the active ingredient throughout the day.

Digital Media Engagement Associated With ADHD Symptoms in Adolescents

Digital Media Engagement Associated With ADHD Symptoms in Adolescents

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These results indicate an association between adolescent engagement in digital media activities and subsequent ADHD symptoms.

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

There is a modest, but statistically significant, association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of ADHD among adolescents.

Younger Gestational Age Associated With Symptoms of ADHD in Children

Younger Gestational Age Associated With Symptoms of ADHD in Children

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These findings illustrate potential gains of reducing the number of preterm births and the importance of providing custom support to children born preterm to prevent neurodevelopmental problems.

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

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Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

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The high risk for several neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders supports more extended use of genetic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry.

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

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Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.

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