Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
This research rejects any association between increased risk for ADHD and changes in children's microbiota related to cesarean delivery or antibiotic use.
Improving Medication Adherence in ADHD Lowers Risk for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder in AdulthoodSeptember 21, 2018
Researchers found that children who were compliant with drug therapy had a significantly lower risk for oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder than those who were noncompliant.
Clinicians may find these data useful in considering the mediating effects of family function and psychiatric comorbidities among patients with ADHD.
Guidelines on which ADHD medications should be preferred across different age groups are unclear, and the safety and benefits of these medications remain controversial.
The authors argue that, given the findings of this study, the awareness of the detrimental effects of both smoking and depression upon children should be raised among parents.
From 1997-1998 to 2015-2016, there was an increase in the prevalence of ADHD among children.
The FDA stated that the dasotraline NDA cannot be approved in its current form and is requiring additional data to further assess the efficacy and tolerability of the drug.
Compared with controls, those with subthreshold ADHD experienced greater impairments in social functioning and had higher rates of requiring extra help in school.
Methylphenidate should be considered as a first choice for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents.
In this prospective cohort trial, teens with significant ADHD symptoms were slightly more likely to be associated with a higher frequency of digital media use.
The 7 treatments included in the study were amphetamines (including lisdexamfetamine), atomoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, guanfacine, methylphenidate, and modafinil.
Jornay PM utilizes the proprietary Delexis drug delivery platform which consists of 2 functional film coatings: the first layer delays the initial drug release for up to 10 hours and the second layer helps control the release rate of the active ingredient throughout the day.
These results indicate an association between adolescent engagement in digital media activities and subsequent ADHD symptoms.
There is a modest, but statistically significant, association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of ADHD among adolescents.
These findings illustrate potential gains of reducing the number of preterm births and the importance of providing custom support to children born preterm to prevent neurodevelopmental problems.
Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.
The high risk for several neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders supports more extended use of genetic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry.
Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.
Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.
While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.
There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.
Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.
Clinician awareness of this issue is essential in order to continue providing effective treatment while attempting to reduce abuse of these prescription drugs.
Researchers believe that the large increases in clinical ADHD diagnoses were unlikely to be representative of a real bump in prevalence.
These results may mitigate concerns by physicians regarding the pharmacological treatment of individuals with ADHD.
Antipsychotics have been shown to reduce tic severity, as has behavior therapy. However, the mechanisms behind the efficacy of behavior therapy have yet to be clarified by research.
After a median of 25 years of follow-up, 2.4% of those born to a parent with a type 1 diabetes diagnosis were diagnosed with ADHD, compared with only 1.5% of the matched controls.
There is an increase in ADHD medication prescriptions in reproductive-aged women.
Clinical differences may exist between the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments commonly used for the management of ADHD.
Children and teens who used stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder had lower bone mineral content and bone density than nonusers.
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