Generic Name and Formulations:
Fondaparinux sodium 2.5mg/0.5mL, 5mg/0.4mL. 7.5mg/0.6mL, 10mg/0.8mL; soln for SC inj; preservative free.
Indications for ARIXTRA:
Prophylaxis of DVT in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery, or hip or knee replacement, or abdominal surgery with risk of thromboembolic complications. With warfarin: Treatment of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) (initiate in hospital), or treatment of acute DVT.
Give by SC inj. Prophylaxis: Once hemostasis is achieved, give 1st dose no earlier than 6–8hrs post-op. 2.5mg once daily for 5–9 days. Hip or knee replacement: max 11 days. Hip fracture: give for up to 24 more days (max 32 days). Abdominal: max 10 days. Treatment: (<50kg): 5mg; (50–100kg): 7.5mg; (>100kg): 10mg; for all: give once daily for at least 5 days and until INR= 2–3; usually 5–9 days; max 26 days; start warfarin usually within 72hrs.
Severe renal impairment (CrCl <30mL/min). Active major bleeding. Bacterial endocarditis. Thrombocytopenia associated with (+) in vitro test for antiplatelet antibody in presence of fondaparinux. Also for prophylaxis: body weight <50kg.
See full labeling. Increased risk of spinal/epidural hematoma in anticoagulated patients receiving neuraxial anesthesia or undergoing spinal puncture (esp. post-op indwelling epidural use); monitor for signs/symptoms of neurological impairment. Increased risk of hemorrhage in those with bleeding disorders, acute ulcerative or angiodysplastic GI disease, hemorrhagic stroke, uncontrolled hypertension, diabetic retinopathy, recent brain, spinal, or eye surgery. Increased risk of bleeding in renal impairment and in those with low body weight (<50kg). Assess hepatic and renal function periodically; discontinue if severe renal impairment develops. Monitor closely for thrombocytopenia. Obtain CBCs, platelets, serum creatinine level, stool occult blood tests during therapy; discontinue if platelets <100,000 per mm3 or major bleeding occurs. Not interchangeable (unit-for-unit) with heparin or low molecular weight heparins. Latex allergy. Elderly. Neonates. Pregnancy. Labor & delivery. Nursing mothers.
Caution with drugs that affect hemostasis (eg, warfarin, platelet inhibitors, NSAIDs). Avoid drugs that increase risk of hemorrhage (eg, Vit. K antagonists); if co-admin necessary, monitor closely for bleeding.
Factor Xa inhibitor.
Bleeding, thrombocytopenia, local reactions (rash, pruritus, hematoma, pain), anemia, insomnia, increased wound drainage, hypokalemia, dizziness, hypotension, confusion, bullous eruption, post-op hemorrhage, purpura, elevated ALT/AST.
Prefilled syringes 2.5mg, 7.5mg, 10mg—2, 10; 5mg—10
Sign Up for Free e-newsletters
Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- Triiodothyronine in the Treatment of Bipolar Depression
- Antidepressants Increase Seizure Risk in Youth and Severely Depressed
- Intranasal Oxytocin Reduces Negative Effects, Improves Cognitive Function in Schizophrenia
- E-Cigarettes Associated With More Harms Than Benefits at Population Level
- Examining Rates of Long-Term Opioid Use in Youth With Psychiatric Disorders
- Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide
- Researchers Identify Novel Potential Biomarkers for Autism
- Agoraphobia: An Evolving Understanding of Definitions and Treatment
- Parental Pressure to Diet Linked With Long-term Harm in Adolescents
- Does Access to Medical Cannabis Reduce Risk for Opioid Abuse?
- Supported Employment vs Transitional Work in Veterans With PTSD
- Comparing Pharmacologic Treatments for Prevention of Rehospitalization in BP
- Preliminary Evidence Suggests Suicidal Thinking Is Self-Reinforcing
- Lower Fluoxetine Efficacy in Elderly Patients With Major Depressive Disorder
- Personal Health Information Found in Recycling