Alcohol-Use Disorder

USPSTF Recommends Screening Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

USPSTF Recommends Screening Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

The USPSTF recommends that primary care clinicians screen all adults, including pregnant women, for unhealthy alcohol use and provide brief behavioral counseling to reduce unhealthy alcohol use.

Depression and Alcohol Misuse Lower Odds of Achieving Viral Suppression in HIV

Depression and Alcohol Misuse Lower Odds of Achieving Viral Suppression in HIV

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Symptoms of depression and heavy alcohol use interact to lower the chances of achieving virologic suppression in people with HIV infection.

Alcohol Is Leading Risk Factor for Global Disease Burden

Alcohol Is Leading Risk Factor for Global Disease Burden

Globally, alcohol use is a leading risk factor for disease burden.

Healthcare Community Should Favor More Restrictive Alcohol Policies

Healthcare Community Should Favor More Restrictive Alcohol Policies

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The healthcare community, having eradicated a number of deadly diseases, should approach these alcohol-driven fatalities as a disease and launch a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained effort to eliminate roadway deaths.

How Medication-Assisted Treatment Affects Outcomes of Alcohol-Dependent Adults With Serious Mental Illness

How Medication-Assisted Treatment Affects Outcomes of Alcohol-Dependent Adults With Serious Mental Illness

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Medicine-assisted treatment demonstrated strong benefits following the treatment period, including significantly lower odds for mental health hospitalization and fewer emergency department/crisis visits.

Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Cognitive Function Revealed

Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Cognitive Function Revealed

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Participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study, which provided multiple observations, genetic information, and previous alcohol use.

Abstinence Rates for Substance Use Increasing Among Teens

Abstinence Rates for Substance Use Increasing Among Teens

There have been substantial increases in complete abstinence from substance use reported by high school students over the past 40 years.

Technology-Enhanced Intervention in the ED Appears Promising for Reducing Underage Drinking, Consequences

Technology-Enhanced Intervention in the ED Appears Promising for Reducing Underage Drinking, Consequences

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This intervention provides flexibility in the clinical setting, allowing for therapist delivery when staff is available and computer delivery when staff resources are not available.

Binge Drinking Tied to Poorer Bone Health in Adolescent Girls

Binge Drinking Tied to Poorer Bone Health in Adolescent Girls

Binge drinking in adolescence may prevent girls from reaching their peak bone mass.

USPSTF Advises PCPs to Screen Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

USPSTF Advises PCPs to Screen Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

Screening adults, including pregnant women, and providing brief counseling in primary care settings can reduce unhealthy alcohol use.

Higher Risk for Substance Abuse Among Reservation-Based American Indian Youth

Higher Risk for Substance Abuse Among Reservation-Based American Indian Youth

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Researchers emphasized the necessity of developing targeted interventions to address such health disparities among American Indian communities.

Court-Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment: Exploring the Ethics and Efficacy

Court-Mandated Substance Abuse Treatment: Exploring the Ethics and Efficacy

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While many treatments for substance use disorder are not evidence based, several evidence-based approaches have shown effectiveness in court-mandated treatment settings.

Recommended Risk Thresholds for Alcohol Consumption Should Be Lower Worldwide

Recommended Risk Thresholds for Alcohol Consumption Should Be Lower Worldwide

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Data support lowering limits for alcohol consumption compared with the limits in current guidelines.

Global Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Illicit Drug Use: A 2017 Status Report

Global Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Illicit Drug Use: A 2017 Status Report

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Researchers proposed that future projects investigate the geographical and temporal trends in substance use and its disease burden.

HIV Viral Suppression Rates in Psychiatric Inpatients With Comorbid Substance Use Disorders

HIV Viral Suppression Rates in Psychiatric Inpatients With Comorbid Substance Use Disorders

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A substantial proportion of these individuals diagnosed with HIV, psychiatric disorders, and substance use disorders are out of care and urgently require intervention.

Efficacy of Prazosin in Treating Alcohol Use Disorder

Efficacy of Prazosin in Treating Alcohol Use Disorder

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Participants in the prazosin group were more likely to experience dizziness on standing.

Significant variation in mortality trends in substance use disorders among US counties

Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.

Interventions in Middle School Can Reduce Alcohol Misuse in Mexican American Adolescents

Interventions in Middle School Can Reduce Alcohol Misuse in Mexican American Adolescents

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Because even moderate reductions in adolescent drinking and alcohol use disorders have the potential to reduce short- and long-term public health harms, these findings support broad implementation of the program.

Alcohol Use Disorder Registration Impacts Risk for Spouse

Alcohol Use Disorder Registration Impacts Risk for Spouse

Among married individuals, first alcohol use disorder registration in national medical registries is associated with an increased risk of first alcohol use disorder registration in the spouse.

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

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Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.

Alcohol Use Disorder a Major Risk Factor in Dementia Onset

Alcohol Use Disorder a Major Risk Factor in Dementia Onset

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These findings support the recognition of alcohol use disorders as a major risk factor for all dementia types.

Case Study: Onset of Amnestic Syndrome After Cocaine and Possible Fentanyl Use

Case Study: Onset of Amnestic Syndrome After Cocaine and Possible Fentanyl Use

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Case study: new-onset amnesia occuring after cocaine and possible fentanyl use.

Naltrexone More Effective for Alcohol Use Disorder in Nicotine Users

Naltrexone More Effective for Alcohol Use Disorder in Nicotine Users

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There has been much variability in the capacity for pharmacological treatments to help curb alcoholism, and the research community has remained interested in determining specific factors that may predict the efficacy of treatments such as naltrexone.

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders likely to be vastly underdiagnosed in US

A multisite, cross-sectional study found a large mismatch between previously diagnosed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the actual prevalence of cases identified.

Drinkers Often Unsuccessful at Reducing Alcohol Use Despite Motivation

Drinkers Often Unsuccessful at Reducing Alcohol Use Despite Motivation

Not many high-risk individuals who are motivated to reduce alcohol comsumption are successful after 6 months.

New APA Guideline Recommendation for Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder

New APA Guideline Recommendation for Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder

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The new guideline focuses on evidence-based pharmacologic treatments in alcohol use disorder and includes recommendations about naltrexone, acamprosate, disulfiram, topiramate, and gabapentin.

Effects of Depression, Alcohol Use on Retention in Antiretroviral Therapy

Effects of Depression, Alcohol Use on Retention in Antiretroviral Therapy

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Alcohol use disorder and depression were both associated with higher disengagement from antiretroviral therapy for patients with HIV.

Effects of Parents Supplying Alcohol to Adolescents

Effects of Parents Supplying Alcohol to Adolescents

Parents should be advised that this practice is associated with risk, both directly and indirectly through increased access to alcohol from other sources.

Varenicline Reduces Heavy Drinking, Cigarette Smoking in Men With Alcohol Use Disorder

Varenicline Reduces Heavy Drinking, Cigarette Smoking in Men With Alcohol Use Disorder

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Varenicline may have a role in the treatment of alcohol use disorder in men who smoke cigarettes.

Managing Comorbid Bipolar Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder: Clinical Challenges and Conundrums

Managing Comorbid Bipolar Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder: Clinical Challenges and Conundrums

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The frequent comorbidity of bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder presents a significant challenge for clinicians managing patients with these conditions.

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