ADHD

Methylphenidate for ADHD Treatment May Be Associated With Low BMI

Methylphenidate for ADHD Treatment May Be Associated With Low BMI

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The relationship between ADHD, MPH use, and growth appears complex, given that a consistent effect could not be observed across all ADHD conditions.

Certain Lots of Quillivant XR May Potentially Have Quality/Efficacy Issues

Certain Lots of Quillivant XR May Potentially Have Quality/Efficacy Issues

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Quillivant XR, a central nervous system stimulant, is indicated to treat ADHD in patients aged 6 years and older.

Anatomical Patterns Present in Childhood ADHD May Predict Phenotypic Variation

Anatomical Patterns Present in Childhood ADHD May Predict Phenotypic Variation

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The authors identified 4 anatomical patterns in participants with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder associated with head size, delayed development, symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and cognitive performance.

History of ADHD Associated With Increased Risk for Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum Disorders

History of ADHD Associated With Increased Risk for Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum Disorders

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Patients with ADHD may require careful monitoring to permit early detection and treatment of disorders of the basal ganglia or cerebellum.

ADHD Symptom Aggression Not Mediated by Clinical Anxiety

ADHD Symptom Aggression Not Mediated by Clinical Anxiety

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These results do not support existing hypotheses on the role of anxiety as either an exacerbating or protective factor for ADHD-related aggression.

Smaller Brain Regions Associated With ADHD, Conduct Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents

Smaller Brain Regions Associated With ADHD, Conduct Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents

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Researchers analyzed neuroimaging data from a group of 1093 adolescents from the IMAGEN project.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Increasing Among US Children and Adolescents

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Increasing Among US Children and Adolescents

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This increase may be the result of expanded continuing medical education regarding ADHD that has raised physician awareness, as well as modifications in diagnostic criteria.

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

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Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

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Medication continuity in youth with ADHD is affected by several potentially modifiable factors that could be productive targets of intervention for pediatricians.

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

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These findings offer preliminary evidence of the validity of the short UPPS-P-C to screen for impulsivity traits in both typically developing children and in those with ADHD.

Mindfulness, Psychoeducation Effective Treatments for Working Memory in Adult ADHD

Mindfulness, Psychoeducation Effective Treatments for Working Memory in Adult ADHD

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The results of the study point to effective alternatives to psychopharmacologic treatments with methylphenidate for patients who experience nonresponse, contraindications, or adverse events, or for patients who prefer nonpsychopharmacologic treatments.

Increased Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents, Young Adults With ADHD

Increased Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents, Young Adults With ADHD

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These findings can inform clinical practice in that type 2 diabetes should be considered in ADHD even in the absence of other known risk factors.

Decrease in medication use among US children and adolescents

While overall prescribing of medications decreased compared with the early 2000s, the use of ADHD medication, asthma medicine, and contraceptive use increased while use of antibiotics, antihistamines, and upper respiratory combination medications decreased.

After-School Activities Beneficial for Children With ADHD

After-School Activities Beneficial for Children With ADHD

For children with ADHD, participation in after-school activities is associated with reduced odds of moderate-to-severe ADHD.

Video Games and Exercise as Alternative Therapies for ADHD

Video Games and Exercise as Alternative Therapies for ADHD

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ADHD's many deficits cannot be ameliorated by pharmacotherapy alone. Researchers and clinicians are investigating computer interventions and physical activity that get to the root of the ADHD domain, such as inattention, memory, or time management.

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

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The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

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These data confirmed the increased risk for psychiatric disorders in women with PCOS, and indicated an increased risk for ADHD and ASD in their children.

Risk for Neurodevelopmental Disorders Increased in Siblings of ADHD Probands

Risk for Neurodevelopmental Disorders Increased in Siblings of ADHD Probands

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These results may be used to improve early identification of at-risk siblings based on a proband diagnosis of ADHD.

Children With Autism, ADHD at Increased Risk for Anxiety, Mood Disorders

Children With Autism, ADHD at Increased Risk for Anxiety, Mood Disorders

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Recognizing the increased risk for mood disorders in children with ASD and ADHD may be useful for clinicians and parents in developing proper screening and treatment strategies.

Sluggish Cognitive Tempo May Predict Methylphenidate Nonresponse in Children With ADHD

Sluggish Cognitive Tempo May Predict Methylphenidate Nonresponse in Children With ADHD

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If replicated, the novel findings in this study may have important implications for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo in ADHD.

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Higher Risk for Secondary ADHD

Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Higher Risk for Secondary ADHD

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Investigators sought to determine the risk for developing secondary ADHD 5 to 10 years after traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents.

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