ADHD

Improving Medication Adherence in ADHD Lowers Risk for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder in Adulthood

Improving Medication Adherence in ADHD Lowers Risk for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder in Adulthood

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Researchers found that children who were compliant with drug therapy had a significantly lower risk for oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder than those who were noncompliant.

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

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Clinicians may find these data useful in considering the mediating effects of family function and psychiatric comorbidities among patients with ADHD.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Increasing Among US Children and Adolescents

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Increasing Among US Children and Adolescents

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This increase may be the result of expanded continuing medical education regarding ADHD that has raised physician awareness, as well as modifications in diagnostic criteria.

Differences in Efficacy and Tolerability of ADHD Medications Across Age Groups

Differences in Efficacy and Tolerability of ADHD Medications Across Age Groups

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Guidelines on which ADHD medications should be preferred across different age groups are unclear, and the safety and benefits of these medications remain controversial.

Adult Smoking and Depression Are Contributing Factors to ADHD in Children and Adolescents

Adult Smoking and Depression Are Contributing Factors to ADHD in Children and Adolescents

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The authors argue that, given the findings of this study, the awareness of the detrimental effects of both smoking and depression upon children should be raised among parents.

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

From 1997-1998 to 2015-2016, there was an increase in the prevalence of ADHD among children.

FDA Rejects ADHD Drug NDA Citing Need for More Data

FDA Rejects ADHD Drug NDA Citing Need for More Data

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The FDA stated that the dasotraline NDA cannot be approved in its current form and is requiring additional data to further assess the efficacy and tolerability of the drug.

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

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Compared with controls, those with subthreshold ADHD experienced greater impairments in social functioning and had higher rates of requiring extra help in school.

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate should be considered as a first choice for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents.

ADHD modestly associated with higher frequency of digital media use among teens

In this prospective cohort trial, teens with significant ADHD symptoms were slightly more likely to be associated with a higher frequency of digital media use.

ADHD Medications Compared for Efficacy, Tolerability in Children and Adults

ADHD Medications Compared for Efficacy, Tolerability in Children and Adults

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The 7 treatments included in the study were amphetamines (including lisdexamfetamine), atomoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, guanfacine, methylphenidate, and modafinil.

Jornay PM Approved for the Treatment of ADHD

Jornay PM Approved for the Treatment of ADHD

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Jornay PM utilizes the proprietary Delexis drug delivery platform which consists of 2 functional film coatings: the first layer delays the initial drug release for up to 10 hours and the second layer helps control the release rate of the active ingredient throughout the day.

Digital Media Engagement Associated With ADHD Symptoms in Adolescents

Digital Media Engagement Associated With ADHD Symptoms in Adolescents

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These results indicate an association between adolescent engagement in digital media activities and subsequent ADHD symptoms.

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

There is a modest, but statistically significant, association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of ADHD among adolescents.

Younger Gestational Age Associated With Symptoms of ADHD in Children

Younger Gestational Age Associated With Symptoms of ADHD in Children

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These findings illustrate potential gains of reducing the number of preterm births and the importance of providing custom support to children born preterm to prevent neurodevelopmental problems.

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

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Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

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The high risk for several neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders supports more extended use of genetic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry.

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

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Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

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Medication continuity in youth with ADHD is affected by several potentially modifiable factors that could be productive targets of intervention for pediatricians.

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

ADHD Treatments

A chart outlining pharmacotherapies for ADHD, including information on form, strength, maximum dosages and administration.

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

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These findings offer preliminary evidence of the validity of the short UPPS-P-C to screen for impulsivity traits in both typically developing children and in those with ADHD.

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

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While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Mindfulness, Psychoeducation Effective Treatments for Working Memory in Adult ADHD

Mindfulness, Psychoeducation Effective Treatments for Working Memory in Adult ADHD

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The results of the study point to effective alternatives to psychopharmacologic treatments with methylphenidate for patients who experience nonresponse, contraindications, or adverse events, or for patients who prefer nonpsychopharmacologic treatments.

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

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Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.

Increased Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents, Young Adults With ADHD

Increased Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents, Young Adults With ADHD

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These findings can inform clinical practice in that type 2 diabetes should be considered in ADHD even in the absence of other known risk factors.

Decrease in medication use among US children and adolescents

While overall prescribing of medications decreased compared with the early 2000s, the use of ADHD medication, asthma medicine, and contraceptive use increased while use of antibiotics, antihistamines, and upper respiratory combination medications decreased.

After-School Activities Beneficial for Children With ADHD

After-School Activities Beneficial for Children With ADHD

For children with ADHD, participation in after-school activities is associated with reduced odds of moderate-to-severe ADHD.

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