Tough Smoking Laws May Lower Suicide Risk
the Psychiatry Advisor take:
Efforts by many states and municipalities to curb smoking by raising cigarette taxes may not only lead to a decline in tobacco usage, it also might be leading to a decline in the suicide rate.
Research has already shown that smokers are more likely to commit suicide, given the habit is popular among people with psychiatric disorders, who have higher suicide rates.
"Our analysis showed that each dollar increase in cigarette taxes was associated with a 10% decrease in suicide risk," said Richard Grucza, associate professor of psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. “Indoor smoking bans also were associated with risk reductions.”
Grucza and his colleagues examined suicide rates across the United States between 1990 and 2004. During this period, many states introduced aggressive anti-smoking laws while others did little or nothing.
Their research, published in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research, found that states with higher cigarette taxes and stricter rules limiting where people could smoke saw suicide rates decline up to 15% compared to the national average. And in states that did little or nothing to curb smoking, suicide rates there rose by up to 6%.
"If you're not a smoker, or not likely ever to become a smoker, then your suicide risk shouldn't be influenced by tobacco policies," Grucza said. "So the fact that we saw this influence among people who likely were smokers provides additional support for our idea that smoking itself is linked to suicide, rather than some other factor related to policy."
Study Suggests Tough Smoking Laws Might Lower Suicide Risk
Smoking may increase a person's risk for suicide, but high cigarette taxes and smoking restrictions in public places lower that risk, a new study suggests.
For the study, published in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Richard Grucza, associate professor of psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and his colleagues analyzed suicide rates across the United States between 1990 and 2004.
Sign Up for Free e-newsletters
Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- Adjunctive Therapies for Bipolar Disorder Show Promise, Need More Evidence
- Predicting Treatment-Emergent Mania to Tailor Pharmacotherapy in Bipolar Disorder
- Abnormalities of Cortical Thickness in Bipolar Disorder With Auditory Hallucinations
- Prevalence of ADHD Relatively Stable Over Time Despite Increase in Diagnoses
- Prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder Remains High In US Population
- The Way to the Head May Be Through the Gut: Probiotics for Depression
- Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide
- Agoraphobia: An Evolving Understanding of Definitions and Treatment
- Parental Pressure to Diet Linked With Long-term Harm in Adolescents
- Does Access to Medical Cannabis Reduce Risk for Opioid Abuse?
- Evidence of Methylphenidate Abuse: Characterizing Patterns of Use in Pediatric and Adult Populations
- Intranasal Oxytocin Reduces Negative Effects, Improves Cognitive Function in Schizophrenia
- Most Patients Comfortable With Clinicians Asking About Sexual Orientation
- Peer-to-Peer Depression Awareness Program May Be Beneficial
- Examining Rates of Long-term Opioid Use in Youth With Psychiatric Disorders