Addiction

Independent and Combined Tobacco and Alcohol Use Associated With Suicide Risk

Independent and Combined Tobacco and Alcohol Use Associated With Suicide Risk

By

Regardless of sex, current smokers with AUDIT scores ≥20 were at the highest risk for suicide in analyses, although men more frequently exhibited suicidal behaviors.

Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School Students

Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School Students

By

These findings demonstrate the importance of developing support systems within schools for gender-nonconforming students.

Daily Drinking Associated With Increased Mortality Risk

Daily Drinking Associated With Increased Mortality Risk

Daily drinking, even at low levels, may be detrimental to one's health.

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by "Pod Mods"

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by "Pod Mods"

"Pod mods," which are small, rechargeable devices that aerosolize liquid solutions containing nicotine encapsulated in cartridges, pose a danger to adolescent users.

Opioid Bill Gets Bipartisan Support

Opioid Bill Gets Bipartisan Support

In a rare bipartisan move, both the House and Senate have reached a compromise on legislation to address the opioid epidemic.

Managing Comorbid Opioid and Alcohol Use Disorder

Managing Comorbid Opioid and Alcohol Use Disorder

By

When alcohol and opioid addiction occur together, managing them concomitantly becomes challenging. Whereas some patients may not need medication for alcohol addiction, opioid abuse does require pharmacotherapy.

Pain, Depression, and Opioid Misuse May Be Associated With Drug Overdoses

Pain, Depression, and Opioid Misuse May Be Associated With Drug Overdoses

By

Pain conditions may largely be underrecognized contributors to the overdose epidemic.

Age of Alcohol Initiation Related to Psychiatric Symptoms for Girls

Age of Alcohol Initiation Related to Psychiatric Symptoms for Girls

By

Girls with an earlier age of alcohol initiation appear to be at a higher risk for PTSD, anxiety, and depression symptoms after an interpersonal life trauma.

Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

By

Future public health interventions developed for cigarette use must accommodate individuals with mental health and substance use disorders.

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

Calling the use of electronic cigarettes a burgeoning epidemic among teens, the FDA announced a crackdown on the sale of Juuls and other flavored e-cigarette devices to minors.

One in seven U.S. adults used marijuana in 2017

Adults aged 18 to 34 had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared with all other age groups. A small percentage of respondents reported using multiple different forms of marijuana per year.

Clinical guidelines may lead to better prescribing practices

Following clinical guidelines release, decreases were observed in the overall rate of opioid prescribing.

Prazosin May Be Effective as Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

Prazosin May Be Effective as Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

By

This research provides preliminary support for the use of prazosin in the treatment of alcohol use disorder.

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

By

Researchers sought to identify risk factors for recurrent suicide attempts, controlling for gender and addictive substance exposure.

Depression May Partially Mediate the Relationship Between PTSD and Opioid Misuse

Depression May Partially Mediate the Relationship Between PTSD and Opioid Misuse

By

Depression may partially mediate the association between post-traumatic stress disorder and opioid misuse.

Circadian Clock Genes Associated With Alcohol Dependence in Men

Circadian Clock Genes Associated With Alcohol Dependence in Men

By

Researchers confirmed the existence of a direct link between clock genes and 2 comorbid diseases, as well as the genetic predisposition for alcohol abuse.

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

From July 2016 to June 2017, bystanders were documented in 44% of opioid overdose deaths, but naloxone was rarely administered by a layperson.

FDA Approves New Treatment for Opioid Dependence

FDA Approves New Treatment for Opioid Dependence

Cassipa, a film designed to be placed under the tongue, has been approved to treat opioid dependence, the US FDA said in a news release.

Oxycontin's Maker Now Selling Drug to Curb Opioid Addiction

Oxycontin's Maker Now Selling Drug to Curb Opioid Addiction

Purdue Pharma, the maker of Oxycontin who some have blamed for the epidemic of opioid painkiller addictions, has patented a medicine aimed at curbing those disorders.

Does Robust Documentation Decrease Opioid Prescribing Rates?

Does Robust Documentation Decrease Opioid Prescribing Rates?

By

Accurate, transparent documentation is key in ensuring safe and appropriate opioid prescribing.

British Study Shows Cannabis Use Adversely Affects Individuals With Early Psychosis

British Study Shows Cannabis Use Adversely Affects Individuals With Early Psychosis

By

Experimental studies have shown that the primary psychoactive ingredient in cannabis can induce psychotic symptoms in otherwise healthy individuals.

Smoking Rates Remain High Among Those With Mental Health Conditions

Smoking Rates Remain High Among Those With Mental Health Conditions

By

Nationwide initiatives to decrease cigarette smoking prevalence have not accommodated individuals with mental health or substance use disorders.

Risk Factors for Prescription Opioid Misuse Include Suicide Ideation, Past Substance Abuse Disorders

Risk Factors for Prescription Opioid Misuse Include Suicide Ideation, Past Substance Abuse Disorders

By

These data underscore the impact of comorbid health conditions on opioid misuse disorders and support the use of screening for co-occurring health conditions for patients who misuse prescription opioids.

Half of Substance Use Initiation Occurs in the First 2 Decades of Life

Half of Substance Use Initiation Occurs in the First 2 Decades of Life

By

Among study participants who developed a lifetime use of nicotine, 50% had initiated use by age 15.3 years.

ED Plays Critical Role in Caring for Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

ED Plays Critical Role in Caring for Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

Emergency department providers need evidence-based strategies to identify and manage patients with opioid use disorder.

FDA Outlines Plan for New Analgesic Guidance to Combat Opioid Crisis

FDA Outlines Plan for New Analgesic Guidance to Combat Opioid Crisis

By

The new plan will break out the current guidance into 4 separate guidances.

14.6% of US Adults Used Marijuana in the Past Year

14.6% of US Adults Used Marijuana in the Past Year

Overall, 14.6% of US adults report marijuana use in the past year.

Alcohol Is Leading Risk Factor for Global Disease Burden

Alcohol Is Leading Risk Factor for Global Disease Burden

Globally, alcohol use is a leading risk factor for disease burden.

Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

Implementation of a mandatory PDMP does not necessarily reduce the overall rate of opioid prescribing or the mean number of pills prescribed for patients undergoing general surgical procedures.

DEA Proposal Will Significantly Cut Opioid Manufacturing in 2019

DEA Proposal Will Significantly Cut Opioid Manufacturing in 2019

By

Last year, the DEA proposed a 20% reduction in the manufacturing of controlled substances for 2018 compared to 2017.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters