Both modified cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pain education (EDU) interventions were associated with improved pain in patients with disadvantaged backgrounds.
Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.
Package inserts of opioid analgesics may not consistently provide information regarding safe drug storage and/or disposal.
A longer duration of extended-release naltrexone treatment in individuals with opioid dependence was associated with improved outcomes and reduced rates of relapse.
Because even moderate reductions in adolescent drinking and alcohol use disorders have the potential to reduce short- and long-term public health harms, these findings support broad implementation of the program.
The investigators found that antisocial (β=0.23) and borderline (β=0.20) personality disorders were strongly associated with cannabis use as well as with cannabis use disorder.
The findings of these analyses suggest that, to an extent, this relationship might be generalized to cannabis users as a whole, not just those diagnosed with a cannabis use disorder.
The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be.
Online marijuana searches grew by 98 percent as a proportion of all searches from 2005 to 2017.
If approved, Lucemyra will be the first non-opioid medication indicated to mitigate opioid withdrawal symptoms.
E-cigarettes are associated with more harm than good on a population level.
Most adolescent users of tobacco products do not identify as users.
Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.
Ketamine-dependent patients who exhibited psychosis demonstrated levels of spatial problem solving and verbal memory impairment similar to those of patients with schizophrenia.
Despite the recognition that early daily tobacco use likely increases the risk for later psychosis, investigation of the effect of covariates such as substance use, existing psychotic features, or parental/family factors was lacking in the literature.
Overprescription, overuse, and addiction to benzodiazepines is a growing threat in the United States.
These findings support the recognition of alcohol use disorders as a major risk factor for all dementia types.
Case study: new-onset amnesia occuring after cocaine and possible fentanyl use.
While results so far may seem to support a link between increased access to cannabis and a reduction in prescription opioid use, findings from a study published in 2018 found otherwise.
Toxic metals leak from E-cigarettes and are present in the aerosols inhaled by users.
All 3 opioid-dependence pharmacotherapies — methadone, buprenorphine, and oral naltrexone — were associated with reductions in inpatient substance abuse treatment.
There has been much variability in the capacity for pharmacological treatments to help curb alcoholism, and the research community has remained interested in determining specific factors that may predict the efficacy of treatments such as naltrexone.
A multisite, cross-sectional study found a large mismatch between previously diagnosed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the actual prevalence of cases identified.
Antidepressant medication adherence is linked with cessation of opioid use.
Not many high-risk individuals who are motivated to reduce alcohol comsumption are successful after 6 months.
Aberrant drug-related behavior was found to be reduced in patients receiving the web-based program in addition to standard care compared with standard care alone.
Both early-onset cannabis users and late-onset cannabis users had an increased risk for psychotic experiences at age 18.
Alcohol use disorder and depression were both associated with higher disengagement from antiretroviral therapy for patients with HIV.
Parents should be advised that this practice is associated with risk, both directly and indirectly through increased access to alcohol from other sources.
Prescription opioids kept in the household may increase the risk for opioid initiation in co-residents.
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Psychiatry Advisor Articles
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