Addiction

Notifications by PDMPs May Not Effectively Reduce Opioid Misuse

Notifications by PDMPs May Not Effectively Reduce Opioid Misuse

By

Unsolicited notices to prescribers as part of prescription drug monitoring programs may not effectively reduce opioid use, as patients may seek other prescribers.

Integrating Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Diseases

Integrating Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Diseases

By

All healthcare providers have a role in combating the opioid use disorder epidemic and its infectious disease consequences.

Opioid Use Disorder Prevalence at Delivery on the Rise in the US, According to CDC

Opioid Use Disorder Prevalence at Delivery on the Rise in the US, According to CDC

By

The prevalence of opioid use disorder rose in women delivering at hospitals across 28 US states and the District of Columbia between 1999 and 2014, with quadrupling at the national level during this period.

Marijuana's Uncertain Status: Closing the Gap Between State and Federal Policies

Marijuana's Uncertain Status: Closing the Gap Between State and Federal Policies

By

Senator Elizabeth Warren introduced a bipartisan bill in June 2018 (S.3032) that would exempt most marijuana-related activities from the Controlled Substances Act when they are allowed under state or tribal law.

Marijuana Use Associated With Poorer Depression Outcomes, Increased Suicidal Ideation

Marijuana Use Associated With Poorer Depression Outcomes, Increased Suicidal Ideation

By

These data suggest that marijuana use, particularly non-medical use, is associated with poorer depression and anxiety outcomes in psychiatric patients.

AMA Calls for Greater Electronic Cigarette Regulation

AMA Calls for Greater Electronic Cigarette Regulation

The AMA has adopted several policies to improve the regulation of tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes.

CDC: E-Cigarette Sales in the United States Climb as Prices Fall

CDC: E-Cigarette Sales in the United States Climb as Prices Fall

There was a large increase in sales of electronic cigarettes and related products in the United States in recent years as their prices fell.

Orbitofrontal Connectivity Associated With Mood, Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents Who Use Marijuana

Orbitofrontal Connectivity Associated With Mood, Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents Who Use Marijuana

By

Marijuana usage is increasing in adolescents, and the rate of comorbidity with mood and anxiety disorders is high. These findings may aid in identifying adolescents who are potentially at risk.

E-Cigarettes Don't Seem to Aid Smoking Cessation Efforts

E-Cigarettes Don't Seem to Aid Smoking Cessation Efforts

Electronic cigarette use is most common among current smokers.

How Medication-Assisted Treatment Affects Outcomes of Alcohol-Dependent Adults With Serious Mental Illness

How Medication-Assisted Treatment Affects Outcomes of Alcohol-Dependent Adults With Serious Mental Illness

By

Medicine-assisted treatment demonstrated strong benefits following the treatment period, including significantly lower odds for mental health hospitalization and fewer emergency department/crisis visits.

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Children often fill outpatient opioid prescriptions, with the most common indication for dental procedures.

FDA Warns Against Risks of Contaminated Synthetic Cannabis

FDA Warns Against Risks of Contaminated Synthetic Cannabis

Users of synthetic marijuana products and health care providers should be aware of the risk of bleeding associated with contamination of synthetic cannabinoid products with brodifacoum.

Many US Adults View Marijuana Use Positively

Many US Adults View Marijuana Use Positively

Most US adults believe that marijuana has at least 1 benefit.

Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Cognitive Function Revealed

Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Cognitive Function Revealed

By

Participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study, which provided multiple observations, genetic information, and previous alcohol use.

Abstinence Rates for Substance Use Increasing Among Teens

Abstinence Rates for Substance Use Increasing Among Teens

There have been substantial increases in complete abstinence from substance use reported by high school students over the past 40 years.

Drug treatment associated with a significant reduction in death risk following opioid overdose

Buprenorphine and methadone maintenance treatment was associated with reduced death in opioid users. No significant associations were found between naltrexone and all-cause mortality or opioid-related mortality.

Gender, MAOA Genotype, and History of Child Abuse Predict Tobacco and Cannabis Use

Gender, MAOA Genotype, and History of Child Abuse Predict Tobacco and Cannabis Use

By

It is possible that sex factors may be critical in differentiating the response to stress with respect to specific gene pathways.

Long-Acting Injectables Effective in Patients With Comorbid Psychosis, Substance Use Disorder

Long-Acting Injectables Effective in Patients With Comorbid Psychosis, Substance Use Disorder

By

As psychosis and substance use disorder comorbidity can make oral medication adherence difficult, long-acting injectable agents may be an effective therapeutic alternative in patients in this demographic.

Misleading Popular YouTube Videos Affect Attitudes About Tobacco

Misleading Popular YouTube Videos Affect Attitudes About Tobacco

Misleading portrayals of tobacco's health consequences in popular YouTube videos can increase positivity toward featured products including hookahs and e-cigarettes.

US Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

US Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

The US Surgeon General released an advisory urging increased availability of the opioid overdose-reversing drug naloxone earlier this year.

Risk for Overdose Highest During First Days of Opioid Plus Benzodiazepine Use

Risk for Overdose Highest During First Days of Opioid Plus Benzodiazepine Use

Concurrent benzodiazepine use is associated with increased risk for opioid-related overdose, with the risk highest on the first days of concurrent use.

Deaths After Nonfatal Opioid Overdose: Causes and Risk Factors

Deaths After Nonfatal Opioid Overdose: Causes and Risk Factors

By

Causes of death in the year after a nonfatal opioid overdose were often related to substance use disorders, as well as to a range of mental health and medical conditions.

Medications for Opioid Use Disorder May Reduce Mortality in Overdose Survivors

Medications for Opioid Use Disorder May Reduce Mortality in Overdose Survivors

A minority of opioid overdose survivors receive medications for opioid use disorder; buprenorphine and methadone maintenance treatment linked are linked to reduced mortality.

Rapid Decrease of Heroin Use During Opioid Substitution Treatment Associated With Treatment Success

Rapid Decrease of Heroin Use During Opioid Substitution Treatment Associated With Treatment Success

By

In patients receiving opioid substitution treatment for opioid use disorder (mainly involving heroin), those exhibiting a rapid decline in heroin use were found to be more likely to have successful treatment outcomes.

Cannabis Associated With Poorer Symptom Course in Anxiety, Mood Disorders

Cannabis Associated With Poorer Symptom Course in Anxiety, Mood Disorders

By

These data may be useful to clinicians in gaining insight on the potential risks of cannabis use among their patients with anxiety or mood disorders.

Technology-Enhanced Intervention in the ED Appears Promising for Reducing Underage Drinking, Consequences

Technology-Enhanced Intervention in the ED Appears Promising for Reducing Underage Drinking, Consequences

By

This intervention provides flexibility in the clinical setting, allowing for therapist delivery when staff is available and computer delivery when staff resources are not available.

Cannabis Use Prevalence Up Across Adult Age Groups

Cannabis Use Prevalence Up Across Adult Age Groups

Across adult age categories, there was an increase in the prevalence of daily cannabis use after 2007.

Cannabis Use in Adolescents Associated With Symptoms of Psychosis

Cannabis Use in Adolescents Associated With Symptoms of Psychosis

By

The association of cannabis use with symptoms of psychosis underscores the need for targeted cannabis use prevention.

Insurance Company Sets Goal of Reducing Opioid Overdoses by 25%

Insurance Company Sets Goal of Reducing Opioid Overdoses by 25%

By

Through their predictive analytics, Cigna can identify customers most likely to suffer from an overdose and can prompt interventions.

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

Youth should be protected from electronic cigarettes and other nicotine delivery devices.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters