Addiction Archive

Use of Telemedicine Low for Substance Use Disorder Treatment

Use of Telemedicine Low for Substance Use Disorder Treatment

The use of telemedicine for substance use disorder is relatively low in a commercially insured population.

Abstinence From Regular Cannabis Use Improves Memory Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Abstinence From Regular Cannabis Use Improves Memory Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Future studies need to determine whether improvement in cognition with abstinence is associated with improvement in academic and other functional outcomes.

Monthly Injections of Naltrexone, Opioid Antagonist, Superior to Oral Design

Monthly Injections of Naltrexone, Opioid Antagonist, Superior to Oral Design

Heroin addicts were more compliant with taking monthly injections of naltrexone rather than consuming it in a pill version.

Genetic Variations Between Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol Use Disorder

Genetic Variations Between Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol Use Disorder

A new study suggests genetic differences in people with heavy alcohol use and alcohol use disorder.

FDA: Kratom Products Have High Levels of Heavy Metals

FDA: Kratom Products Have High Levels of Heavy Metals

In addition to many other health risks, kratom products can have high levels of heavy metals.

FDA Warns Two Companies About Bogus Opioid Addiction Treatment

FDA Warns Two Companies About Bogus Opioid Addiction Treatment

Warning letters about products illegally marketed as treatments for opioid addiction, pain, and anxiety have been sent to 2 companies, the FDA said Tuesday.

Even With Standing Orders, Naloxone Access Varies

Even With Standing Orders, Naloxone Access Varies

There are great differences in access to naloxone even among states that have passed legislation to allow pharmacists to dispense the medication without a physician's prescription.

Opioid Misuse Varies With Sexual Orientation

Opioid Misuse Varies With Sexual Orientation

Opioid misuse varies with sexual orientation, with increased misuse among female bisexuals.

Prescription Digital Therapeutic reSET Now Available for Patients With SUD

Prescription Digital Therapeutic reSET Now Available for Patients With SUD

Sandoz and Pear Therapeutics announced the availability of reSET, the first prescription digital therapeutic for patients with substance use disorder.

Cannabis Use, Cannabis Use Disorder Linked to Psychotic, Depressive Symptoms

Cannabis Use, Cannabis Use Disorder Linked to Psychotic, Depressive Symptoms

Two studies indicate a link between cannabis use and mental health concerns, starting in adolescence and continuing into adulthood.

USPSTF Recommends Screening Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

USPSTF Recommends Screening Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

The USPSTF recommends that primary care clinicians screen all adults, including pregnant women, for unhealthy alcohol use and provide brief behavioral counseling to reduce unhealthy alcohol use.

Patterns of Non-Medical Prescription Opioid Use in Adolescents

Patterns of Non-Medical Prescription Opioid Use in Adolescents

The majority of adolescents taking prescription opioids for non-medical purposes were found to get these drugs from someone else.

FDA to Ban Most Flavored Electronic Cigarettes

FDA to Ban Most Flavored Electronic Cigarettes

As part of the US FDA's efforts to reduce teens' use of flavored electronic cigarettes, a ban on sales of most flavored e-cigarettes in retail stores and gas stations across the US is to be introduced.

Opioid Overdose Deaths Reach Record Number in United States

Opioid Overdose Deaths Reach Record Number in United States

The number of opioid overdose deaths in the United States reached a new record last year with 72,000 deaths, which works out to about 200 a day.

FDA Approves Powerful New Opioid Despite Criticisms

FDA Approves Powerful New Opioid Despite Criticisms

Ruling against the recommendation of one of its chief experts, the US Food and Drug Administration approved an extremely potent new opioid painkiller, Dsuvia.

These Tools May Help Providers and Policymakers to Address the Opioid Crisis

These Tools May Help Providers and Policymakers to Address the Opioid Crisis

The Stopping the Transmission of Opioids to the Next Generation tool allows clinicians treating women of childbearing age with opioid use disorder to estimate risks associated with pregnancies in this patient population.

Opioid Use Often Persists in Workers' Compensation Claimants

Opioid Use Often Persists in Workers' Compensation Claimants

Many patients in a workers' compensation cohort have persistent opioid use.

The Unintended Consequences of the CDC Opioid Guideline According to Pain Management Specialists

The Unintended Consequences of the CDC Opioid Guideline According to Pain Management Specialists

The guideline formulated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in an effort to curb opioid overdose-related deaths included a recommendation for steep reductions in opioid doses for patients taking high doses of the drug for chronic pain.

Red Cross Releases Online Course on How to Respond to an Opioid Overdose

Red Cross Releases Online Course on How to Respond to an Opioid Overdose

The training has information on how to use several products including a nasal atomizer, Narcan Nasal Spray and Evzio.

Nonopioid Lofexidine Safe and Effective for Managing Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome

Nonopioid Lofexidine Safe and Effective for Managing Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome

Lofexidine may expand the treatment options available for managing withdrawal when buprenorphine and methadone are unavailable or undesirable.

Bill to Fight US Opioid Crisis Signed Into Law

Bill to Fight US Opioid Crisis Signed Into Law

A bipartisan bill meant to combat the United States' opioid abuse epidemic was signed into law October 24 by President Donald Trump.

Adolescent, Young Adult Pod-Based E-Cigarette Use Up

Adolescent, Young Adult Pod-Based E-Cigarette Use Up

Adolescents are increasingly using e-cigarette products such as pod-based systems but have misperceptions and lack of knowledge about these products.

Recreational Marijuana Now Legal in Canada

Recreational Marijuana Now Legal in Canada

Recreational marijuana recently became legal in Canada, and while many welcome the move, others have serious concerns.

Model Identifies Adolescents at Risk for Smoking Initiation

Model Identifies Adolescents at Risk for Smoking Initiation

A novel prognostic tool can be used to accurately identify adolescents at risk for initiating cigarette smoking.

Daily Drinking Associated With Increased Mortality Risk

Daily Drinking Associated With Increased Mortality Risk

Daily drinking, even at low levels, may be detrimental to one's health.

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by "Pod Mods"

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by "Pod Mods"

"Pod mods," which are small, rechargeable devices that aerosolize liquid solutions containing nicotine encapsulated in cartridges, pose a danger to adolescent users.

Opioid Bill Gets Bipartisan Support

Opioid Bill Gets Bipartisan Support

In a rare bipartisan move, both the House and Senate have reached a compromise on legislation to address the opioid epidemic.

Pain, Depression, and Opioid Misuse May Be Associated With Drug Overdoses

Pain, Depression, and Opioid Misuse May Be Associated With Drug Overdoses

Pain conditions may largely be underrecognized contributors to the overdose epidemic.

Age of Alcohol Initiation Related to Psychiatric Symptoms for Girls

Age of Alcohol Initiation Related to Psychiatric Symptoms for Girls

Girls with an earlier age of alcohol initiation appear to be at a higher risk for PTSD, anxiety, and depression symptoms after an interpersonal life trauma.

Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

Future public health interventions developed for cigarette use must accommodate individuals with mental health and substance use disorders.

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

Calling the use of electronic cigarettes a burgeoning epidemic among teens, the FDA announced a crackdown on the sale of Juuls and other flavored e-cigarette devices to minors.

Prazosin May Be Effective as Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

Prazosin May Be Effective as Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

This research provides preliminary support for the use of prazosin in the treatment of alcohol use disorder.

Depression May Partially Mediate the Relationship Between PTSD and Opioid Misuse

Depression May Partially Mediate the Relationship Between PTSD and Opioid Misuse

Depression may partially mediate the association between post-traumatic stress disorder and opioid misuse.

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

From July 2016 to June 2017, bystanders were documented in 44% of opioid overdose deaths, but naloxone was rarely administered by a layperson.

FDA Approves New Treatment for Opioid Dependence

FDA Approves New Treatment for Opioid Dependence

Cassipa, a film designed to be placed under the tongue, has been approved to treat opioid dependence, the US FDA said in a news release.

Oxycontin's Maker Now Selling Drug to Curb Opioid Addiction

Oxycontin's Maker Now Selling Drug to Curb Opioid Addiction

Purdue Pharma, the maker of Oxycontin who some have blamed for the epidemic of opioid painkiller addictions, has patented a medicine aimed at curbing those disorders.

Does Robust Documentation Decrease Opioid Prescribing Rates?

Does Robust Documentation Decrease Opioid Prescribing Rates?

Accurate, transparent documentation is key in ensuring safe and appropriate opioid prescribing.

Smoking Rates Remain High Among Those With Mental Health Conditions

Smoking Rates Remain High Among Those With Mental Health Conditions

Nationwide initiatives to decrease cigarette smoking prevalence have not accommodated individuals with mental health or substance use disorders.

Risk Factors for Prescription Opioid Misuse Include Suicide Ideation, Past Substance Abuse Disorders

Risk Factors for Prescription Opioid Misuse Include Suicide Ideation, Past Substance Abuse Disorders

These data underscore the impact of comorbid health conditions on opioid misuse disorders and support the use of screening for co-occurring health conditions for patients who misuse prescription opioids.

Half of Substance Use Initiation Occurs in the First 2 Decades of Life

Half of Substance Use Initiation Occurs in the First 2 Decades of Life

Among study participants who developed a lifetime use of nicotine, 50% had initiated use by age 15.3 years.

ED Plays Critical Role in Caring for Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

ED Plays Critical Role in Caring for Patients With Opioid Use Disorder

Emergency department providers need evidence-based strategies to identify and manage patients with opioid use disorder.

FDA Outlines Plan for New Analgesic Guidance to Combat Opioid Crisis

FDA Outlines Plan for New Analgesic Guidance to Combat Opioid Crisis

The new plan will break out the current guidance into 4 separate guidances.

14.6% of US Adults Used Marijuana in the Past Year

14.6% of US Adults Used Marijuana in the Past Year

Overall, 14.6% of US adults report marijuana use in the past year.

Alcohol Is Leading Risk Factor for Global Disease Burden

Alcohol Is Leading Risk Factor for Global Disease Burden

Globally, alcohol use is a leading risk factor for disease burden.

Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

Prescription Drug Monitoring Program May Not Cut Opioid Use

Implementation of a mandatory PDMP does not necessarily reduce the overall rate of opioid prescribing or the mean number of pills prescribed for patients undergoing general surgical procedures.

DEA Proposal Will Significantly Cut Opioid Manufacturing in 2019

DEA Proposal Will Significantly Cut Opioid Manufacturing in 2019

Last year, the DEA proposed a 20% reduction in the manufacturing of controlled substances for 2018 compared to 2017.

Information Lacking on Effect of Prenatal Use of Marijuana

Information Lacking on Effect of Prenatal Use of Marijuana

More information is needed on marijuana use in pregnancy.

Patient Education Urged to Prevent Opioid OD After Sobriety

Patient Education Urged to Prevent Opioid OD After Sobriety

The American Medical Association encourages patient education to raise awareness of the risks associated with opioid use after a prolonged period of sobriety.

Odds of Death Up With Exposure to Pregabalin, Opioids

Odds of Death Up With Exposure to Pregabalin, Opioids

Concomitant exposure to pregabalin and opioids is associated with increased odds of opioid-related death.

Higher Risk for Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders in Psychiatry Interns

Higher Risk for Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders in Psychiatry Interns

Study investigators suggest that interns in psychiatry are the most vulnerable population among medical interns and should be targeted for prevention interventions.

Teen Smoke Exposure Tied to Increase in Related Symptoms

Teen Smoke Exposure Tied to Increase in Related Symptoms

Non-smoking adolescents with tobacco smoke exposure have increased risk for TSE-related symptoms.

Opioid Dependence More Common Before Spine Surgery

Opioid Dependence More Common Before Spine Surgery

Opioid dependence is more likely to occur in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis before surgery than afterward.

Health Professionals Have Role in Warning About Impaired Driving

Health Professionals Have Role in Warning About Impaired Driving

Physicians play an important role in educating individuals about the risks of impaired driving caused by marijuana or opioids.

The Opioid Crisis: District by District

The Opioid Crisis: District by District

Southern states have the 10 highest opioid prescribing rates in the country, while California, New York, and Virginia are among the bottom 10.

E-Cigarette Smoking Tied to Later Marijuana Use in Teens

E-Cigarette Smoking Tied to Later Marijuana Use in Teens

Teenagers' use of any tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes, is associated with subsequent marijuana use.

Set of Personality Traits May Predict Prescription Drug Use, Misuse in Young Adults

Set of Personality Traits May Predict Prescription Drug Use, Misuse in Young Adults

Personality traits such as anxiety sensitivity, hopelessness, sensation seeking, and impulsivity may be predictors of use and misuse of prescription drugs in young adults.

Opioid Administration, Prescribing in the ED on the Decline in Recent Years

Opioid Administration, Prescribing in the ED on the Decline in Recent Years

After a rise in the frequency of opioids prescribed in emergency departments from 2005 to 2011, a decline was observed from 2012 to 2015, particularly in the 18- to 64-year age group.

Healthcare Community Should Favor More Restrictive Alcohol Policies

Healthcare Community Should Favor More Restrictive Alcohol Policies

The healthcare community, having eradicated a number of deadly diseases, should approach these alcohol-driven fatalities as a disease and launch a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained effort to eliminate roadway deaths.

Notifications by PDMPs May Not Effectively Reduce Opioid Misuse

Notifications by PDMPs May Not Effectively Reduce Opioid Misuse

Unsolicited notices to prescribers as part of prescription drug monitoring programs may not effectively reduce opioid use, as patients may seek other prescribers.

Opioid Use Disorder Prevalence at Delivery on the Rise in the US, According to CDC

Opioid Use Disorder Prevalence at Delivery on the Rise in the US, According to CDC

The prevalence of opioid use disorder rose in women delivering at hospitals across 28 US states and the District of Columbia between 1999 and 2014, with quadrupling at the national level during this period.

Integrating Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Diseases

Integrating Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Diseases

All healthcare providers have a role in combating the opioid use disorder epidemic and its infectious disease consequences.

Marijuana's Uncertain Status: Closing the Gap Between State and Federal Policies

Marijuana's Uncertain Status: Closing the Gap Between State and Federal Policies

Senator Elizabeth Warren introduced a bipartisan bill in June 2018 (S.3032) that would exempt most marijuana-related activities from the Controlled Substances Act when they are allowed under state or tribal law.

AMA Calls for Greater Electronic Cigarette Regulation

AMA Calls for Greater Electronic Cigarette Regulation

The AMA has adopted several policies to improve the regulation of tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes.

CDC: E-Cigarette Sales in the United States Climb as Prices Fall

CDC: E-Cigarette Sales in the United States Climb as Prices Fall

There was a large increase in sales of electronic cigarettes and related products in the United States in recent years as their prices fell.

E-Cigarettes Don't Seem to Aid Smoking Cessation Efforts

E-Cigarettes Don't Seem to Aid Smoking Cessation Efforts

Electronic cigarette use is most common among current smokers.

How Medication-Assisted Treatment Affects Outcomes of Alcohol-Dependent Adults With Serious Mental Illness

How Medication-Assisted Treatment Affects Outcomes of Alcohol-Dependent Adults With Serious Mental Illness

Medicine-assisted treatment demonstrated strong benefits following the treatment period, including significantly lower odds for mental health hospitalization and fewer emergency department/crisis visits.

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions for Children Often Filled

Children often fill outpatient opioid prescriptions, with the most common indication for dental procedures.

FDA Warns Against Risks of Contaminated Synthetic Cannabis

FDA Warns Against Risks of Contaminated Synthetic Cannabis

Users of synthetic marijuana products and health care providers should be aware of the risk of bleeding associated with contamination of synthetic cannabinoid products with brodifacoum.

Many US Adults View Marijuana Use Positively

Many US Adults View Marijuana Use Positively

Most US adults believe that marijuana has at least 1 benefit.

Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Cognitive Function Revealed

Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Cognitive Function Revealed

Participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study, which provided multiple observations, genetic information, and previous alcohol use.

Abstinence Rates for Substance Use Increasing Among Teens

Abstinence Rates for Substance Use Increasing Among Teens

There have been substantial increases in complete abstinence from substance use reported by high school students over the past 40 years.

Therapy Focusing on Mindfulness Improves Outcomes for Women With Substance Use Disorder

Therapy Focusing on Mindfulness Improves Outcomes for Women With Substance Use Disorder

These findings are consistent with emerging neurocognitive models linking interoception to emotion regulation and related health outcomes, providing valuable input in improving substance use disorder treatment.

Gender, MAOA Genotype, and History of Child Abuse Predict Tobacco and Cannabis Use

Gender, MAOA Genotype, and History of Child Abuse Predict Tobacco and Cannabis Use

It is possible that sex factors may be critical in differentiating the response to stress with respect to specific gene pathways.

Misleading Popular YouTube Videos Affect Attitudes About Tobacco

Misleading Popular YouTube Videos Affect Attitudes About Tobacco

Misleading portrayals of tobacco's health consequences in popular YouTube videos can increase positivity toward featured products including hookahs and e-cigarettes.

US Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

US Surgeon General Urges More Americans to Carry Naloxone

The US Surgeon General released an advisory urging increased availability of the opioid overdose-reversing drug naloxone earlier this year.

Risk for Overdose Highest During First Days of Opioid Plus Benzodiazepine Use

Risk for Overdose Highest During First Days of Opioid Plus Benzodiazepine Use

Concurrent benzodiazepine use is associated with increased risk for opioid-related overdose, with the risk highest on the first days of concurrent use.

Deaths After Nonfatal Opioid Overdose: Causes and Risk Factors

Deaths After Nonfatal Opioid Overdose: Causes and Risk Factors

Causes of death in the year after a nonfatal opioid overdose were often related to substance use disorders, as well as to a range of mental health and medical conditions.

Medications for Opioid Use Disorder May Reduce Mortality in Overdose Survivors

Medications for Opioid Use Disorder May Reduce Mortality in Overdose Survivors

A minority of opioid overdose survivors receive medications for opioid use disorder; buprenorphine and methadone maintenance treatment linked are linked to reduced mortality.

Rapid Decrease of Heroin Use During Opioid Substitution Treatment Associated With Treatment Success

Rapid Decrease of Heroin Use During Opioid Substitution Treatment Associated With Treatment Success

In patients receiving opioid substitution treatment for opioid use disorder (mainly involving heroin), those exhibiting a rapid decline in heroin use were found to be more likely to have successful treatment outcomes.

Cannabis Associated With Poorer Symptom Course in Anxiety, Mood Disorders

Cannabis Associated With Poorer Symptom Course in Anxiety, Mood Disorders

These data may be useful to clinicians in gaining insight on the potential risks of cannabis use among their patients with anxiety or mood disorders.

Cannabis Use Prevalence Up Across Adult Age Groups

Cannabis Use Prevalence Up Across Adult Age Groups

Across adult age categories, there was an increase in the prevalence of daily cannabis use after 2007.

Cannabis Use in Adolescents Associated With Symptoms of Psychosis

Cannabis Use in Adolescents Associated With Symptoms of Psychosis

The association of cannabis use with symptoms of psychosis underscores the need for targeted cannabis use prevention.

E-Cigarettes May Help Some Quit Tobacco Smoking

E-Cigarettes May Help Some Quit Tobacco Smoking

Some individuals self-report that electronic cigarettes help them quit smoking conventional cigarettes.

Insurance Company Sets Goal of Reducing Opioid Overdoses by 25%

Insurance Company Sets Goal of Reducing Opioid Overdoses by 25%

Through their predictive analytics, Cigna can identify customers most likely to suffer from an overdose and can prompt interventions.

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

Youth should be protected from electronic cigarettes and other nicotine delivery devices.

Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder Associated With Reduced Risk for Opioid-Related Deaths

Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder Associated With Reduced Risk for Opioid-Related Deaths

Few of the individuals who experience an opioid-related overdose had received treatment for opioid use disorder.

Rate of Death Up in Year After Nonfatal Opioid Overdose

Rate of Death Up in Year After Nonfatal Opioid Overdose

There is a marked excess of deaths among US adults who experience a nonfatal opioid overdose.

NIH Initiative Aims to Address Opioid Misuse Over Long Term

NIH Initiative Aims to Address Opioid Misuse Over Long Term

A novel, innovative initiative is being developed to help end addiction over the long term.

Public Support Only Moderate for Opioid Harm Reduction Strategies

Public Support Only Moderate for Opioid Harm Reduction Strategies

Stigmatizing attitudes toward those who use opioids are associated with lower support for two evidence-based opioid harm reduction strategies.

Storage and Disposal Information on Opioid Package Inserts Insufficient

Storage and Disposal Information on Opioid Package Inserts Insufficient

Oxycodone and morphine are more likely to contain messaging on package inserts describing safe storage and disposal methods compared with other commonly used and misused opioid analgesics.

Binge Drinking Tied to Poorer Bone Health in Adolescent Girls

Binge Drinking Tied to Poorer Bone Health in Adolescent Girls

Binge drinking in adolescence may prevent girls from reaching their peak bone mass.

E-Cigarette Flavorings May Impair Vascular Function

E-Cigarette Flavorings May Impair Vascular Function

Flavoring additives used in electronic cigarettes may have adverse effects on blood vessels.

Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis Symptoms in Adolescents

Cannabis Use Linked to Psychosis Symptoms in Adolescents

Cannabis use is associated with psychosis symptoms during adolescence.

Factors Identified for Persistent Opioid Use After Pediatric Surgery

Factors Identified for Persistent Opioid Use After Pediatric Surgery

Higher daily average inpatient pain scores and higher postoperative opioid consumption are associated with a subsequent persistent opioid use.

USPSTF Advises PCPs to Screen Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

USPSTF Advises PCPs to Screen Adults for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

Screening adults, including pregnant women, and providing brief counseling in primary care settings can reduce unhealthy alcohol use.

Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

Nicotine preloading does not significantly increase subsequent smoking abstinence in adult daily smokers with tobacco dependence.

Illicit Opioid Trade Up With Restrictions on Hydrocodone

Illicit Opioid Trade Up With Restrictions on Hydrocodone

The US Drug Enforcement Administration's 2014 ruling to reschedule hydrocodone combination products coincided with an increase in illicit trading of opioids through online illicit markets.

Wearable Device Cleared for Use During Opioid Detoxification

Wearable Device Cleared for Use During Opioid Detoxification

Electrical pulses are sent through small needles that are inserted in the ear to combat the early stages of detoxification, leading to stabilization.

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP and other signatories also call on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products.

Financial Incentives May Up Rates of Smoker Abstinence

Financial Incentives May Up Rates of Smoker Abstinence

Financial incentives added to free cessation aids can improve the rate of sustained abstinence among smokers.

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