Suicide & Self-Harm


Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

These data highlight the necessity of more targeted interventions for patients with a history of high-risk behavior, such as self-harm or suicide ideation.

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

Patients with these cardiovascular diseases would benefit from early psychiatric help.

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

The researchers believe this study is the first to detect a statistically significant, unexpected inverse association between efavirenz use and depression.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

Suicide prevention needs to be a public health priority.

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

These models substantially outperform existing tools for suicide prevention, indicating a potential need for modification of currently available interventions.

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide rates have increased significantly in the US since 1999.

Suicide Risk in Black vs White Youths Significantly Mediated by Age

Suicide Risk in Black vs White Youths Significantly Mediated by Age

These results challenge the public perception that suicide rates are uniformly higher among white children compared with black children.

Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine May Pose Fewer Psychiatric Risks Than Other Antiepileptic Drugs

Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine May Pose Fewer Psychiatric Risks Than Other Antiepileptic Drugs

Carbamazepine, in particular, was associated with lower hazards for depression and anxiety in secondary analyses.

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.

Children's hospital visits for suicide ideation and attempts are increasing

The percentage of patients seen at children's hospitals for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts more than doubled between 2008 and 2015. The academic school year may play a role.

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Longer Breaks Between Deployments Decreased Suicide Risk in Soldiers

Longer Breaks Between Deployments Decreased Suicide Risk in Soldiers

Analyses revealed that the likelihood of suicide attempts during or after second deployment were twice as high in soldiers whose first deployment occurred within their initial 12 months of service.

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

A number of factors including chronic pain co-occurring with posttraumatic stress disorder and pain interference may predict suicidal ideation and violent impulses in US veterans with chronic pain.

Significant variation in mortality trends in substance use disorders among US counties

Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.

Stricter state firearm laws associated with lower rates of firearm suicide and homicide

Strong state firearm laws were associated with lower firearm suicide and homicide rates and overall suicide rates regardless of surrounding state laws. States with weak firearm laws only had lower rates of firearm homicide if they were surrounded by states with strong laws.

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

If approved, esketamine has the potential to be the first treatment for patients with major depressive disorder at imminent risk for suicide.

Child Irritability Correlated With Suicide Risk, Especially in Girls

Child Irritability Correlated With Suicide Risk, Especially in Girls

Children who were described as both highly depressed/anxious and highly irritable were 2 times as likely to report suicidal thinking and attempts compared with children who exhibited neither depression nor irritability.

Late-Life Indicators of Suicidal Behavior Identified in Older Adults

Late-Life Indicators of Suicidal Behavior Identified in Older Adults

Investigators sought to identify distinct pathways toward suicidal behaviors in older adults with major depression.

Preliminary Evidence Suggests Suicidal Thinking Is Self-Reinforcing

Preliminary Evidence Suggests Suicidal Thinking Is Self-Reinforcing

Suicidal thinking may influence affect in a reinforcing manner, partially explaining its persistent nature in subsets of patients.

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Adolescents have an increased risk of suicide after nonfatal self-harm.

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.

Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Rates of Adverse Mental Health Outcomes

Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Rates of Adverse Mental Health Outcomes

Adverse mental health outcome rates are higher in adolescent cancer survivors.

Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide

Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide

The majority of patients who commit suicide visit a healthcare provider within months of their death, representing an important opportunity to intercede and connect them with mental health resources.

Risk for Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm Increased After Bariatric Surgery

Risk for Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm Increased After Bariatric Surgery

These results indicate the need for thorough preoperative psychiatric history assessment in patients considering bariatric surgery, as well as postoperative surveillance.

Preventing Suicide in Prison Inmates

Preventing Suicide in Prison Inmates

Suicide in prisons is multifactorial, with contributing factors that include medical and mental health issues as well as those involving family, lack of purposeful activity, and conditions of the specific prison environment, as well as the stress of adjusting to incarceration.

Childhood Abuse, Neglect Linked With Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

Childhood Abuse, Neglect Linked With Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

Screening for childhood mistreatment can assess the risk for nonsuicidal self-injury.

Temperature, Seasonal Changes Associated With Suicide Attempts in Young People

Temperature, Seasonal Changes Associated With Suicide Attempts in Young People

Suicide attempts were shown to increase in the summer and during periods of warmer temperatures in people age 15 to 25.

Antiepileptic Drugs Not Linked to Suicide-Related Behavior

Antiepileptic Drugs Not Linked to Suicide-Related Behavior

Suicide-related behavior was not found to be linked with epilepsy status or AEDs.

Disagreement Over Connection Between Suicide Risk May and Household Firearm Possession

Disagreement Over Connection Between Suicide Risk May and Household Firearm Possession

Many adults in the US do not believe that guns in the house increase the risk of suicide.

Lithium Reduces Risk of Suicide in Patients With Mood Disorders

Lithium Reduces Risk of Suicide in Patients With Mood Disorders

Lithium is the only medication to demonstrate an antisuicidal effect over and above its action on mood episodes in bipolar disorder.

Lithium Remains Underused for Mood Disorders in US Clinical Practice

Lithium Remains Underused for Mood Disorders in US Clinical Practice

The use of lithium is underused for treating mood disorders.

Suicidal Behavior, Thoughts Associated With Perfectionist Tendencies

Suicidal Behavior, Thoughts Associated With Perfectionist Tendencies

Perfectionist tendencies are positively associated with suicide attempts and ideation.

Rising Numbers of Suicide Attempts in Younger Adults

Rising Numbers of Suicide Attempts in Younger Adults

The number of suicide attempts has risen in younger adults with less formal education and with mental illness.

Psychotic Experiences Associated With Subsequent Suicidal Thoughts

Psychotic Experiences Associated With Subsequent Suicidal Thoughts

Research has shown psychotic experiences to be associated with subsequent suicidal thoughts and behaviors, particularly in children younger than 12.

Frequent Cannabis Use Associated With Increased Likelihood of MDD

Frequent Cannabis Use Associated With Increased Likelihood of MDD

Frequent cannabis use was shown to be associated with an increased risk of major depressive disorder and suicidal ideation.

FDA Grants Fast Track Status to Oral Treatment for Acute Suicidal Ideation

FDA Grants Fast Track Status to Oral Treatment for Acute Suicidal Ideation

NRX-100 followed by NRX-101 has been granted Fast Track status by the Food and Drug Administration.

Higher Suicide Risk in Young Adults With Chronic Illness

Higher Suicide Risk in Young Adults With Chronic Illness

Young adults with diseases such as asthma, are 4 times more likely to attempt suicide.

Psychiatric Evaluations: Questions on Suicide Need to Be Rephrased

Psychiatric Evaluations: Questions on Suicide Need to Be Rephrased

Suicidal ideation in patients is often missed by psychiatrists who use questions biased toward confirming patients are not suicidal.

Subsequent Suicide Attempts May Be Reduced by Emergency Department Interventions

Subsequent Suicide Attempts May Be Reduced by Emergency Department Interventions

Emergency departments may reduce subsequent suicide attempts and risk, according to multiple university studies.

'13 Reasons Why' Raises Suicide Awareness, But Also Suicide Ideation

'13 Reasons Why' Raises Suicide Awareness, But Also Suicide Ideation

The Netflix show 13 Reasons Why, brought up concerns that viewers may be inspired to act on suicidal thoughts.

Depression Treatment May Benefit from Use of Ketamine

Depression Treatment May Benefit from Use of Ketamine

Ketamine can provide acute benefits for treatment-resistant depression, bipolar depression, and major depressive disorder with suicidal ideation.

Suicidal Thoughts, Self-Harm Hospitalizations Among Youth Have Doubled

Suicidal Thoughts, Self-Harm Hospitalizations Among Youth Have Doubled

Teens suffering from depression are more likely to say they are "stressed" or "anxious" or "down."

Brief Suicide Screening Identifies At-Risk Adolescents in Urgent Care

Brief Suicide Screening Identifies At-Risk Adolescents in Urgent Care

A brief screening tool can identify patients at risk for suicide without significantly interrupting the flow of acute care.

Suicide Attempts, Sleep Disturbance Associated With Internet Addiction

Suicide Attempts, Sleep Disturbance Associated With Internet Addiction

Suicide attempts and sleep in adults are associated with Internet addiction.

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: Proper Identification and Treatment

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: Proper Identification and Treatment

Self-injury treatment strategies can be challenging because some patients are ambivalent about receiving help.

Borderline Personality Disorder Psychotherapy Treatments Prove Effective

Borderline Personality Disorder Psychotherapy Treatments Prove Effective

Borderline personality disorder symptoms, self-harm, and suicide were effectively reduced by psychotherapy treatment.

Suicide Rates Reduced by Handgun Control

Suicide Rates Reduced by Handgun Control

States with universal background checks experienced a decrease in suicides between 2013 and 2014.

Rate of Repeated Suicide Attempts Decreases With Early Follow-Up

Rate of Repeated Suicide Attempts Decreases With Early Follow-Up

Prevention of repeated suicide attempts was most effective with prompt recontact of patients.

Spousal Suicide Linked to Higher Risk for Mental, Physical Problems

Spousal Suicide Linked to Higher Risk for Mental, Physical Problems

The suicide of a spouse can lead to an increased risk for mental disorders and certain medical conditions.

Suicidal Ideation in Bipolar Depression: A Potential New Treatment

Suicidal Ideation in Bipolar Depression: A Potential New Treatment

A new agent would be the first oral treatment for suicidal behavior in patients with bipolar depression.

Depression, Self-Harm Risk May Increase With BPH Medication

Depression, Self-Harm Risk May Increase With BPH Medication

Adult males who used 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors exhibited an increased risk of self-harm did increase.

Suicidal Teenagers' Hospitalization Risk Reduced by Crisis Intervention

Suicidal Teenagers' Hospitalization Risk Reduced by Crisis Intervention

Family-based crisis intervention for suicidal teenagers led to higher levels of satisfaction and greater feelings of family empowerment.

Suicide Rate Rising Faster in Less Urban Areas

Suicide Rate Rising Faster in Less Urban Areas

The highest suicide rates were among 35- to 64-year-olds, and people 75 and older.

Schizophrenia Associated With Years of Life Lost

Schizophrenia Associated With Years of Life Lost

Schizophrenia was associated with 13 to 15 years of potential life lost.

Suicide Risk Highest in Older Men

Suicide Risk Highest in Older Men

Older men with multiple health comorbidities have the highest suicide risk.

Suicide Prevention and Intervention: Cross-Cultural Perspectives

Suicide Prevention and Intervention: Cross-Cultural Perspectives

Factors such as shame and stigma impede the dialogue about mental illness across cultures.

Suicidal Ideation, Behavior Higher Among Those Seeking HIV Testing

Suicidal Ideation, Behavior Higher Among Those Seeking HIV Testing

Individuals who seek HIV testing could potentially constitute a group at higher risk for suicide than the general population.

Anxiety, Hopelessness With Huntington's Risk Most Predictive of Suicidal Ideation

Anxiety, Hopelessness With Huntington's Risk Most Predictive of Suicidal Ideation

Behavioral symptoms strongly linked to suicidal ideation included depression, irritability, aggression, and impulsivity.

Pilots Suffer Depression, Suicidal Thoughts at Fairly High Rates

Pilots Suffer Depression, Suicidal Thoughts at Fairly High Rates

Hundreds of active pilots manage depressive symptoms without the possibility of treatment due to fear of negative career impact.

Medical Students at High Risk for Depression, Suicidal Ideation

Medical Students at High Risk for Depression, Suicidal Ideation

High levels of stress and responsibility lead to greater prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in medical students.

Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Demonstrate Higher Risk of Suicide

Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Demonstrate Higher Risk of Suicide

The prevalence of acute coronary syndrome was significantly higher among those who committed suicide than with healthy individuals.

Overdoses, Suicides Now Leading Causes of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Overdoses, Suicides Now Leading Causes of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Self-harm has been the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado between 2004 and 2012.

PET Imaging Serotonin Biomarker May Predict Suicide Risk

PET Imaging Serotonin Biomarker May Predict Suicide Risk

There is a clear need for methods to help identify individuals at risk of suicide, and certain biomarkers could aid in such efforts.

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

Incidence rate ratios were more increased for parental diagnoses of antisocial personality, cannabis use, and parental suicide attempt.

Tools for Suicide Risk Identification at Discharge May Be on Horizon

Tools for Suicide Risk Identification at Discharge May Be on Horizon

Those admitted to a hospital with a psychiatric diagnosis were 63% likely to die by suicide.

Association Between Poor Physical Health and Suicide Among Elderly Men

Association Between Poor Physical Health and Suicide Among Elderly Men

The extent or severity of physical ailments and functional impairment needs to be carefully examined in order to successfully prevent suicide in late life.

Study Identifies Psychological Processes Underlying Sleep-Suicide Link

Study Identifies Psychological Processes Underlying Sleep-Suicide Link

Suicide prevention strategies should include the provision of nighttime services.

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016

Is This Patient Suicidal? Tips for Effective Assessment

Is This Patient Suicidal? Tips for Effective Assessment

Many suicidal people experience difficulty describing their internal states, making assessment more challenging and demanding a high level of skill.

New Suicide Prevention Opportunities Identified

New Suicide Prevention Opportunities Identified

More than 80% of males and 87% of females who died from a subsequent suicide attempt did so within 12 months of their first attempt.

Hospitalization for Serious Infections Linked to Suicide Risk

Hospitalization for Serious Infections Linked to Suicide Risk

This nationwide population-based cohort study is currently the largest study to examine infections as a predictor of death by suicide.

Locked Wards May Not Prevent Inpatient Suicide, Absconding

Locked Wards May Not Prevent Inpatient Suicide, Absconding

Treatment on open wards was linked to lower odds of suicide attempts and to absconding with and without return.

Smoking Reduction Linked to Reduced Suicidality in Patients With Psychotic Conditions

Smoking Reduction Linked to Reduced Suicidality in Patients With Psychotic Conditions

At 12 months, researchers found a significant association between smoking reduction and suicidality.

Improvements Needed In Suicide Prevention Hotlines

Improvements Needed In Suicide Prevention Hotlines

Researchers found variation in the quality of responses to callers.

Veteran Suicides Fuel Widespread Demands for Answers

Veteran Suicides Fuel Widespread Demands for Answers

As the Congress, VA, CDC and the Obama Administration address the issue, recent neuroimaging studies point to effective diagnostic tools available for PTSD and TBI — two common conditions among suicide victims.

Arthritis Raises Suicide Risk

Arthritis Raises Suicide Risk

The findings could have important clinical implications in the treatment of patients with arthritis.

CDC Report: Jobs With the Highest Suicide Rates

CDC Report: Jobs With the Highest Suicide Rates

Events that happen in childhood and adolescence can predispose individuals to suicidal behavior.

Church Attendance Lowers Suicide Rates in a Subgroup of Women

Church Attendance Lowers Suicide Rates in a Subgroup of Women

Identifying environmental factors that reduce the risk of suicidal behavior is crucial.

AAP Urges Pediatricians to Screen Teens for Suicide Risk Factors

AAP Urges Pediatricians to Screen Teens for Suicide Risk Factors

Identifying environmental factors that put teens at risk for suicidal behavior is crucial.

Suicide Prevention in Veterans

Suicide Prevention in Veterans

Meeting the Needs of a Vulnerable Population

Discussing Suicide With Maria Oquendo, MD, APA President-Elect

Discussing Suicide With Maria Oquendo, MD, APA President-Elect

Maria Oquendo, MD, president-elect of the American Psychiatric Association, discusses her goals for the association.

Childhood Trauma, Not Impulsivity, Linked With Suicide Attempts

Childhood Trauma, Not Impulsivity, Linked With Suicide Attempts

These findings contradict previous data that impulsivity is a risk factor for suicide attempts.

Coping With Patient Suicide Among Psychiatry Trainees and Clinicians

Coping With Patient Suicide Among Psychiatry Trainees and Clinicians

Strategies are needed to help physicians cope with patient suicide.

Campus Suicide Crisis: A Need for Prevention

Campus Suicide Crisis: A Need for Prevention

The lifetime prevalence rate for serious suicidal ideation on campuses is on the rise.

CDC Reports 24% Increase in US Suicide Rates

CDC Reports 24% Increase in US Suicide Rates

What might be behind rising US suicide rates?

No Increase Seen in Pediatric Suicide Risk With Atomoxetine vs Stimulants

No Increase Seen in Pediatric Suicide Risk With Atomoxetine vs Stimulants

Atomoxetine was not found to be associated with increased suicide risk compared with stimulant use in children and adolescents.

Adolescents Especially Vulnerable to Suicide Clusters

Adolescents Especially Vulnerable to Suicide Clusters

A potential hurdle for clinicians and communities following adolescent suicides is to promote preventability while simultaneously reducing feelings of guilt.

Frequency of Suicidal Ideation Predicts Suicide Attempts But Not Deaths

Frequency of Suicidal Ideation Predicts Suicide Attempts But Not Deaths

Persistent suicidal ideation was identified in up to 40% of participants with first-episode psychosis.

Suicidal Patients Rarely Asked About Firearm Access in ER

Suicidal Patients Rarely Asked About Firearm Access in ER

These findings point to missed chances for intervention.

Treating Patients Who Have Experienced Stillbirth

Treating Patients Who Have Experienced Stillbirth

Stillbirth is associated with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety and other manifestations of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Strong Link Found Between Postpartum Depression and Suicide Risk

Strong Link Found Between Postpartum Depression and Suicide Risk

Study is the first to compare suicide risk of new mothers with postpartum disorder to other categories of women.

Novel Therapy Leads to Significant Reduction in Suicide Re-Attempts

Novel Therapy Leads to Significant Reduction in Suicide Re-Attempts

The Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program is a low-cost psychiatric intervention for patients in a hospital after an attempt.

Antidepressants May Double Risk of Suicide, Aggression In Adolescents

Antidepressants May Double Risk of Suicide, Aggression In Adolescents

The odds ratios for children and adolescents were 2.39 for suicidality, 2.79 for aggression, and 2.15 for akathisia.

Suicide Risk Increased 3-Fold After Concussion

Suicide Risk Increased 3-Fold After Concussion

The long-term risk of suicide is increased, particularly after concussions on weekends.

Suicide Risk May Be Increased In Those Impacted By Suicide

Suicide Risk May Be Increased In Those Impacted By Suicide

Those bereaved by suicide were 65% more likely to attempt suicide than those bereaved by natural causes.

Why Do Older White Men Have A Higher Suicide Risk?

Why Do Older White Men Have A Higher Suicide Risk?

An inability to cope with the normal challenges of aging as well as dominant cultural scripts of masculinity, aging, and suicide may be responsible.

The Impact of Physical Pain on Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors

The Impact of Physical Pain on Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors

A meta-analysis quantifies the association between chronic pain and the spectrum of suicidal behaviors.

Younger Military Veterans Have Higher Suicide Risk

Younger Military Veterans Have Higher Suicide Risk

Generational values and recruitment of higher risk military personnel may help explain the U.S. military's higher suicide rates.

Parental Death In Childhood Raises Suicide Risk

Parental Death In Childhood Raises Suicide Risk

Suicide risk may be strongly influenced by events that happen early in life.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters