Suicide & Self-Harm
Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults
These data highlight the necessity of more targeted interventions for patients with a history of high-risk behavior, such as self-harm or suicide ideation.
Patients with these cardiovascular diseases would benefit from early psychiatric help.
The researchers believe this study is the first to detect a statistically significant, unexpected inverse association between efavirenz use and depression.
The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.
Suicide prevention needs to be a public health priority.
These models substantially outperform existing tools for suicide prevention, indicating a potential need for modification of currently available interventions.
Suicide rates have increased significantly in the US since 1999.
These results challenge the public perception that suicide rates are uniformly higher among white children compared with black children.
Carbamazepine, in particular, was associated with lower hazards for depression and anxiety in secondary analyses.
From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.
The percentage of patients seen at children's hospitals for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts more than doubled between 2008 and 2015. The academic school year may play a role.
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.
Analyses revealed that the likelihood of suicide attempts during or after second deployment were twice as high in soldiers whose first deployment occurred within their initial 12 months of service.
A number of factors including chronic pain co-occurring with posttraumatic stress disorder and pain interference may predict suicidal ideation and violent impulses in US veterans with chronic pain.
Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.
Strong state firearm laws were associated with lower firearm suicide and homicide rates and overall suicide rates regardless of surrounding state laws. States with weak firearm laws only had lower rates of firearm homicide if they were surrounded by states with strong laws.
If approved, esketamine has the potential to be the first treatment for patients with major depressive disorder at imminent risk for suicide.
Children who were described as both highly depressed/anxious and highly irritable were 2 times as likely to report suicidal thinking and attempts compared with children who exhibited neither depression nor irritability.
Investigators sought to identify distinct pathways toward suicidal behaviors in older adults with major depression.
Suicidal thinking may influence affect in a reinforcing manner, partially explaining its persistent nature in subsets of patients.
Adolescents have an increased risk of suicide after nonfatal self-harm.
Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.
Adverse mental health outcome rates are higher in adolescent cancer survivors.
The majority of patients who commit suicide visit a healthcare provider within months of their death, representing an important opportunity to intercede and connect them with mental health resources.
These results indicate the need for thorough preoperative psychiatric history assessment in patients considering bariatric surgery, as well as postoperative surveillance.
Suicide in prisons is multifactorial, with contributing factors that include medical and mental health issues as well as those involving family, lack of purposeful activity, and conditions of the specific prison environment, as well as the stress of adjusting to incarceration.
Screening for childhood mistreatment can assess the risk for nonsuicidal self-injury.
Suicide attempts were shown to increase in the summer and during periods of warmer temperatures in people age 15 to 25.
Suicide-related behavior was not found to be linked with epilepsy status or AEDs.
Many adults in the US do not believe that guns in the house increase the risk of suicide.
Lithium is the only medication to demonstrate an antisuicidal effect over and above its action on mood episodes in bipolar disorder.
The use of lithium is underused for treating mood disorders.
Perfectionist tendencies are positively associated with suicide attempts and ideation.
The number of suicide attempts has risen in younger adults with less formal education and with mental illness.
Research has shown psychotic experiences to be associated with subsequent suicidal thoughts and behaviors, particularly in children younger than 12.
Frequent cannabis use was shown to be associated with an increased risk of major depressive disorder and suicidal ideation.
NRX-100 followed by NRX-101 has been granted Fast Track status by the Food and Drug Administration.
Young adults with diseases such as asthma, are 4 times more likely to attempt suicide.
Suicidal ideation in patients is often missed by psychiatrists who use questions biased toward confirming patients are not suicidal.
Emergency departments may reduce subsequent suicide attempts and risk, according to multiple university studies.
The Netflix show 13 Reasons Why, brought up concerns that viewers may be inspired to act on suicidal thoughts.
Ketamine can provide acute benefits for treatment-resistant depression, bipolar depression, and major depressive disorder with suicidal ideation.
Teens suffering from depression are more likely to say they are "stressed" or "anxious" or "down."
A brief screening tool can identify patients at risk for suicide without significantly interrupting the flow of acute care.
Suicide attempts and sleep in adults are associated with Internet addiction.
Self-injury treatment strategies can be challenging because some patients are ambivalent about receiving help.
Borderline personality disorder symptoms, self-harm, and suicide were effectively reduced by psychotherapy treatment.
States with universal background checks experienced a decrease in suicides between 2013 and 2014.
Prevention of repeated suicide attempts was most effective with prompt recontact of patients.
The suicide of a spouse can lead to an increased risk for mental disorders and certain medical conditions.
A new agent would be the first oral treatment for suicidal behavior in patients with bipolar depression.
Adult males who used 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors exhibited an increased risk of self-harm did increase.
Family-based crisis intervention for suicidal teenagers led to higher levels of satisfaction and greater feelings of family empowerment.
The highest suicide rates were among 35- to 64-year-olds, and people 75 and older.
Schizophrenia was associated with 13 to 15 years of potential life lost.
Older men with multiple health comorbidities have the highest suicide risk.
Factors such as shame and stigma impede the dialogue about mental illness across cultures.
Individuals who seek HIV testing could potentially constitute a group at higher risk for suicide than the general population.
Behavioral symptoms strongly linked to suicidal ideation included depression, irritability, aggression, and impulsivity.
Hundreds of active pilots manage depressive symptoms without the possibility of treatment due to fear of negative career impact.
High levels of stress and responsibility lead to greater prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in medical students.
The prevalence of acute coronary syndrome was significantly higher among those who committed suicide than with healthy individuals.
Self-harm has been the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado between 2004 and 2012.
There is a clear need for methods to help identify individuals at risk of suicide, and certain biomarkers could aid in such efforts.
Incidence rate ratios were more increased for parental diagnoses of antisocial personality, cannabis use, and parental suicide attempt.
Those admitted to a hospital with a psychiatric diagnosis were 63% likely to die by suicide.
The extent or severity of physical ailments and functional impairment needs to be carefully examined in order to successfully prevent suicide in late life.
Suicide prevention strategies should include the provision of nighttime services.
National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016
Many suicidal people experience difficulty describing their internal states, making assessment more challenging and demanding a high level of skill.
More than 80% of males and 87% of females who died from a subsequent suicide attempt did so within 12 months of their first attempt.
This nationwide population-based cohort study is currently the largest study to examine infections as a predictor of death by suicide.
Treatment on open wards was linked to lower odds of suicide attempts and to absconding with and without return.
At 12 months, researchers found a significant association between smoking reduction and suicidality.
Researchers found variation in the quality of responses to callers.
As the Congress, VA, CDC and the Obama Administration address the issue, recent neuroimaging studies point to effective diagnostic tools available for PTSD and TBI — two common conditions among suicide victims.
The findings could have important clinical implications in the treatment of patients with arthritis.
Events that happen in childhood and adolescence can predispose individuals to suicidal behavior.
Identifying environmental factors that reduce the risk of suicidal behavior is crucial.
Identifying environmental factors that put teens at risk for suicidal behavior is crucial.
Meeting the Needs of a Vulnerable Population
Maria Oquendo, MD, president-elect of the American Psychiatric Association, discusses her goals for the association.
These findings contradict previous data that impulsivity is a risk factor for suicide attempts.
Strategies are needed to help physicians cope with patient suicide.
The lifetime prevalence rate for serious suicidal ideation on campuses is on the rise.
What might be behind rising US suicide rates?
Atomoxetine was not found to be associated with increased suicide risk compared with stimulant use in children and adolescents.
A potential hurdle for clinicians and communities following adolescent suicides is to promote preventability while simultaneously reducing feelings of guilt.
Persistent suicidal ideation was identified in up to 40% of participants with first-episode psychosis.
These findings point to missed chances for intervention.
Stillbirth is associated with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety and other manifestations of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Study is the first to compare suicide risk of new mothers with postpartum disorder to other categories of women.
The Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program is a low-cost psychiatric intervention for patients in a hospital after an attempt.
The odds ratios for children and adolescents were 2.39 for suicidality, 2.79 for aggression, and 2.15 for akathisia.
The long-term risk of suicide is increased, particularly after concussions on weekends.
Those bereaved by suicide were 65% more likely to attempt suicide than those bereaved by natural causes.
An inability to cope with the normal challenges of aging as well as dominant cultural scripts of masculinity, aging, and suicide may be responsible.
A meta-analysis quantifies the association between chronic pain and the spectrum of suicidal behaviors.
Generational values and recruitment of higher risk military personnel may help explain the U.S. military's higher suicide rates.
Suicide risk may be strongly influenced by events that happen early in life.
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