Suicide & Self-Harm


Self-Harm, Suicidality Among Adolescents Associated With Poor Outcomes, Recurrent Clinical Care

Self-Harm, Suicidality Among Adolescents Associated With Poor Outcomes, Recurrent Clinical Care

Youth with self-harm should be a prioritized group for assessment and targeted treatment.

Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School Students

Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School Students

These findings demonstrate the importance of developing support systems within schools for gender-nonconforming students.

Correctional Psychiatry: Challenges and Rewards

Correctional Psychiatry: Challenges and Rewards

Approximately 15% of incarcerated people have serious mental illness, although that number can vary depending on the type of illness.

Those Left Behind: Working With Suicide-Bereaved Families

Those Left Behind: Working With Suicide-Bereaved Families

Rumination is common in individuals experiencing suicide bereavement and is unique compared with the responses to bereavement for other reasons.

Stress, Minority Status Associated With Higher Risk for Mental Health Diagnoses in College Students

Stress, Minority Status Associated With Higher Risk for Mental Health Diagnoses in College Students

This research highlights the urgency of allocating proper psychiatric resources to college students, particularly those who belong to minority groups.

Transgender Boys, Nonbinary Adolescents Face Highest Suicide Risk by Gender

Transgender Boys, Nonbinary Adolescents Face Highest Suicide Risk by Gender

Although the disproportionate suicide rate among transgender youth may be daunting, family acceptance and support are associated with reduced disparities in depression between transgender and cisgender children.

The Relationship Between Highpoint Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts

The Relationship Between Highpoint Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts

These findings point to the need to continue and expand clinical understanding of the variables contributing to suicidal behavior and the role of suicidal ideation.

Suicide Attempt Risk Among LGB Populations Higher Than Previously Estimated

Suicide Attempt Risk Among LGB Populations Higher Than Previously Estimated

Study results showed that when accounting for information bias in the context of socially stigmatized exposure and outcome, the estimated lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts is increased among sexual minorities.

Outpatient Engagement May Lower Suicide Attempts in Patients With Fibromyalgia

Outpatient Engagement May Lower Suicide Attempts in Patients With Fibromyalgia

Researchers identified risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in patients with fibromyalgia.

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

Clinicians may find these data useful in considering the mediating effects of family function and psychiatric comorbidities among patients with ADHD.

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

Researchers sought to identify risk factors for recurrent suicide attempts, controlling for gender and addictive substance exposure.

Ketamine Infusions Reduce Suicidal Ideation in Depression: Characterizing Different Responses

Ketamine Infusions Reduce Suicidal Ideation in Depression: Characterizing Different Responses

Researchers found 3 distinct subgroups of patients in relation to suicidal ideation and effects of ketamine, with one group's suicidal ideation completely eliminated and the other group's improvement independent of depressed mood.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Alter Suicidal Ideation in Anxiety Disorders

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Alter Suicidal Ideation in Anxiety Disorders

Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety-related disorders was associated with improvements in suicide ideation rather than exacerbation.

Self-Injury Surpasses Diabetes as Cause of Death in United States

Self-Injury Surpasses Diabetes as Cause of Death in United States

In the United States, self-injury mortality exceeded diabetes as a cause of death in 2015, with the gap expanding in 2016.

Parental Religiosity May Lower Risk for Suicidal Ideation in Offspring

Parental Religiosity May Lower Risk for Suicidal Ideation in Offspring

This study suggests that parental spirituality may affect offspring mental health, particularly regarding suicidal behaviors.

Predictors of Suicide Attempt and the Effect of Treatment-Seeking Behavior

Predictors of Suicide Attempt and the Effect of Treatment-Seeking Behavior

Clinicians assessing individuals with major depressive episodes are urged to inquire about prior suicide attempts, recurrent thoughts of death, quality of life, and the severity of depressive symptomatology.

Traumatic brain injury associated with higher rate of suicide

In this retrospective study, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) was associated with a doubling in deaths by suicide, especially within the 6 months post-TBI.

Most commonly used HIV drug worldwide not associated with increased risk for suicide in Uganda

Regarding both depression and suicide, no baseline differences were observed between patients exposed to efavirenz and nevirapine compared with those never exposed.

TBI Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

TBI Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

Individuals with medical contact for traumatic brain injury have increased risk for suicide.

First-Episode Drug-Naive Patients With Schizophrenia More Likely to Attempt Suicide

First-Episode Drug-Naive Patients With Schizophrenia More Likely to Attempt Suicide

Researchers found a suicide attempt rate of 12.0% in first-episode, drug-naive inpatients.

App-Supported Inpatient Intervention to Prevent Postdischarge Suicide Attempts

App-Supported Inpatient Intervention to Prevent Postdischarge Suicide Attempts

The rate of suicide attempts in participants assigned to intervention plus treatment as usual was half of that in participants in the treatment as usual-alone group.

Neural Pattern Classifier Distinguishes Between Acute Suicidal Acts and Current Suicidal Thoughts

Neural Pattern Classifier Distinguishes Between Acute Suicidal Acts and Current Suicidal Thoughts

The use of intrinsic brain activity to differentiate acute suicidal acts from current suicidal thoughts is a promising step toward the development of an objective measure of imminent suicide risk.

A Practical Approach to Suicide Prevention After Emergency Department Visit

A Practical Approach to Suicide Prevention After Emergency Department Visit

Implementing the Safety Planning Intervention in EDs along with a follow-up telephone call may be an effective brief suicide prevention intervention.

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

Although emotional abuse and neglect may not be as easily detected as other forms of maltreatment, professionals must be aware of their long-term effect on nonsuicidal self-injury likelihood.

Safety Planning Intervention With Follow-Up Reduces Postdischarge Suicidal Behavior

Safety Planning Intervention With Follow-Up Reduces Postdischarge Suicidal Behavior

The investigators argue that safety planning and active outreach, a set of low-burden strategies, are valuable elements in an effective suicide prevention program.

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

These data highlight the necessity of more targeted interventions for patients with a history of high-risk behavior, such as self-harm or suicide ideation.

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

Patients with these cardiovascular diseases would benefit from early psychiatric help.

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

The researchers believe this study is the first to detect a statistically significant, unexpected inverse association between efavirenz use and depression.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

Suicide prevention needs to be a public health priority.

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

These models substantially outperform existing tools for suicide prevention, indicating a potential need for modification of currently available interventions.

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide rates have increased significantly in the US since 1999.

Suicide Risk in Black vs White Youths Significantly Mediated by Age

Suicide Risk in Black vs White Youths Significantly Mediated by Age

These results challenge the public perception that suicide rates are uniformly higher among white children compared with black children.

Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine May Pose Fewer Psychiatric Risks Than Other Antiepileptic Drugs

Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine May Pose Fewer Psychiatric Risks Than Other Antiepileptic Drugs

Carbamazepine, in particular, was associated with lower hazards for depression and anxiety in secondary analyses.

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.

Children's hospital visits for suicide ideation and attempts are increasing

The percentage of patients seen at children's hospitals for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts more than doubled between 2008 and 2015. The academic school year may play a role.

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Longer Breaks Between Deployments Decreased Suicide Risk in Soldiers

Longer Breaks Between Deployments Decreased Suicide Risk in Soldiers

Analyses revealed that the likelihood of suicide attempts during or after second deployment were twice as high in soldiers whose first deployment occurred within their initial 12 months of service.

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

A number of factors including chronic pain co-occurring with posttraumatic stress disorder and pain interference may predict suicidal ideation and violent impulses in US veterans with chronic pain.

Significant variation in mortality trends in substance use disorders among US counties

Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.

Stricter state firearm laws associated with lower rates of firearm suicide and homicide

Strong state firearm laws were associated with lower firearm suicide and homicide rates and overall suicide rates regardless of surrounding state laws. States with weak firearm laws only had lower rates of firearm homicide if they were surrounded by states with strong laws.

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

If approved, esketamine has the potential to be the first treatment for patients with major depressive disorder at imminent risk for suicide.

Child Irritability Correlated With Suicide Risk, Especially in Girls

Child Irritability Correlated With Suicide Risk, Especially in Girls

Children who were described as both highly depressed/anxious and highly irritable were 2 times as likely to report suicidal thinking and attempts compared with children who exhibited neither depression nor irritability.

Late-Life Indicators of Suicidal Behavior Identified in Older Adults

Late-Life Indicators of Suicidal Behavior Identified in Older Adults

Investigators sought to identify distinct pathways toward suicidal behaviors in older adults with major depression.

Preliminary Evidence Suggests Suicidal Thinking Is Self-Reinforcing

Preliminary Evidence Suggests Suicidal Thinking Is Self-Reinforcing

Suicidal thinking may influence affect in a reinforcing manner, partially explaining its persistent nature in subsets of patients.

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Adolescents have an increased risk of suicide after nonfatal self-harm.

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.

Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Rates of Adverse Mental Health Outcomes

Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Rates of Adverse Mental Health Outcomes

Adverse mental health outcome rates are higher in adolescent cancer survivors.

Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide

Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide

The majority of patients who commit suicide visit a healthcare provider within months of their death, representing an important opportunity to intercede and connect them with mental health resources.

Risk for Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm Increased After Bariatric Surgery

Risk for Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm Increased After Bariatric Surgery

These results indicate the need for thorough preoperative psychiatric history assessment in patients considering bariatric surgery, as well as postoperative surveillance.

Preventing Suicide in Prison Inmates

Preventing Suicide in Prison Inmates

Suicide in prisons is multifactorial, with contributing factors that include medical and mental health issues as well as those involving family, lack of purposeful activity, and conditions of the specific prison environment, as well as the stress of adjusting to incarceration.

Childhood Abuse, Neglect Linked With Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

Childhood Abuse, Neglect Linked With Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

Screening for childhood mistreatment can assess the risk for nonsuicidal self-injury.

Temperature, Seasonal Changes Associated With Suicide Attempts in Young People

Temperature, Seasonal Changes Associated With Suicide Attempts in Young People

Suicide attempts were shown to increase in the summer and during periods of warmer temperatures in people age 15 to 25.

Antiepileptic Drugs Not Linked to Suicide-Related Behavior

Antiepileptic Drugs Not Linked to Suicide-Related Behavior

Suicide-related behavior was not found to be linked with epilepsy status or AEDs.

Disagreement Over Connection Between Suicide Risk May and Household Firearm Possession

Disagreement Over Connection Between Suicide Risk May and Household Firearm Possession

Many adults in the US do not believe that guns in the house increase the risk of suicide.

Lithium Reduces Risk of Suicide in Patients With Mood Disorders

Lithium Reduces Risk of Suicide in Patients With Mood Disorders

Lithium is the only medication to demonstrate an antisuicidal effect over and above its action on mood episodes in bipolar disorder.

Lithium Remains Underused for Mood Disorders in US Clinical Practice

Lithium Remains Underused for Mood Disorders in US Clinical Practice

The use of lithium is underused for treating mood disorders.

Suicidal Behavior, Thoughts Associated With Perfectionist Tendencies

Suicidal Behavior, Thoughts Associated With Perfectionist Tendencies

Perfectionist tendencies are positively associated with suicide attempts and ideation.

Rising Numbers of Suicide Attempts in Younger Adults

Rising Numbers of Suicide Attempts in Younger Adults

The number of suicide attempts has risen in younger adults with less formal education and with mental illness.

Psychotic Experiences Associated With Subsequent Suicidal Thoughts

Psychotic Experiences Associated With Subsequent Suicidal Thoughts

Research has shown psychotic experiences to be associated with subsequent suicidal thoughts and behaviors, particularly in children younger than 12.

Frequent Cannabis Use Associated With Increased Likelihood of MDD

Frequent Cannabis Use Associated With Increased Likelihood of MDD

Frequent cannabis use was shown to be associated with an increased risk of major depressive disorder and suicidal ideation.

FDA Grants Fast Track Status to Oral Treatment for Acute Suicidal Ideation

FDA Grants Fast Track Status to Oral Treatment for Acute Suicidal Ideation

NRX-100 followed by NRX-101 has been granted Fast Track status by the Food and Drug Administration.

Higher Suicide Risk in Young Adults With Chronic Illness

Higher Suicide Risk in Young Adults With Chronic Illness

Young adults with diseases such as asthma, are 4 times more likely to attempt suicide.

Psychiatric Evaluations: Questions on Suicide Need to Be Rephrased

Psychiatric Evaluations: Questions on Suicide Need to Be Rephrased

Suicidal ideation in patients is often missed by psychiatrists who use questions biased toward confirming patients are not suicidal.

Subsequent Suicide Attempts May Be Reduced by Emergency Department Interventions

Subsequent Suicide Attempts May Be Reduced by Emergency Department Interventions

Emergency departments may reduce subsequent suicide attempts and risk, according to multiple university studies.

'13 Reasons Why' Raises Suicide Awareness, But Also Suicide Ideation

'13 Reasons Why' Raises Suicide Awareness, But Also Suicide Ideation

The Netflix show 13 Reasons Why, brought up concerns that viewers may be inspired to act on suicidal thoughts.

Depression Treatment May Benefit from Use of Ketamine

Depression Treatment May Benefit from Use of Ketamine

Ketamine can provide acute benefits for treatment-resistant depression, bipolar depression, and major depressive disorder with suicidal ideation.

Suicidal Thoughts, Self-Harm Hospitalizations Among Youth Have Doubled

Suicidal Thoughts, Self-Harm Hospitalizations Among Youth Have Doubled

Teens suffering from depression are more likely to say they are "stressed" or "anxious" or "down."

Brief Suicide Screening Identifies At-Risk Adolescents in Urgent Care

Brief Suicide Screening Identifies At-Risk Adolescents in Urgent Care

A brief screening tool can identify patients at risk for suicide without significantly interrupting the flow of acute care.

Suicide Attempts, Sleep Disturbance Associated With Internet Addiction

Suicide Attempts, Sleep Disturbance Associated With Internet Addiction

Suicide attempts and sleep in adults are associated with Internet addiction.

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: Proper Identification and Treatment

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: Proper Identification and Treatment

Self-injury treatment strategies can be challenging because some patients are ambivalent about receiving help.

Borderline Personality Disorder Psychotherapy Treatments Prove Effective

Borderline Personality Disorder Psychotherapy Treatments Prove Effective

Borderline personality disorder symptoms, self-harm, and suicide were effectively reduced by psychotherapy treatment.

Suicide Rates Reduced by Handgun Control

Suicide Rates Reduced by Handgun Control

States with universal background checks experienced a decrease in suicides between 2013 and 2014.

Rate of Repeated Suicide Attempts Decreases With Early Follow-Up

Rate of Repeated Suicide Attempts Decreases With Early Follow-Up

Prevention of repeated suicide attempts was most effective with prompt recontact of patients.

Spousal Suicide Linked to Higher Risk for Mental, Physical Problems

Spousal Suicide Linked to Higher Risk for Mental, Physical Problems

The suicide of a spouse can lead to an increased risk for mental disorders and certain medical conditions.

Suicidal Ideation in Bipolar Depression: A Potential New Treatment

Suicidal Ideation in Bipolar Depression: A Potential New Treatment

A new agent would be the first oral treatment for suicidal behavior in patients with bipolar depression.

Depression, Self-Harm Risk May Increase With BPH Medication

Depression, Self-Harm Risk May Increase With BPH Medication

Adult males who used 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors exhibited an increased risk of self-harm did increase.

Suicidal Teenagers' Hospitalization Risk Reduced by Crisis Intervention

Suicidal Teenagers' Hospitalization Risk Reduced by Crisis Intervention

Family-based crisis intervention for suicidal teenagers led to higher levels of satisfaction and greater feelings of family empowerment.

Suicide Rate Rising Faster in Less Urban Areas

Suicide Rate Rising Faster in Less Urban Areas

The highest suicide rates were among 35- to 64-year-olds, and people 75 and older.

Schizophrenia Associated With Years of Life Lost

Schizophrenia Associated With Years of Life Lost

Schizophrenia was associated with 13 to 15 years of potential life lost.

Suicide Risk Highest in Older Men

Suicide Risk Highest in Older Men

Older men with multiple health comorbidities have the highest suicide risk.

Suicide Prevention and Intervention: Cross-Cultural Perspectives

Suicide Prevention and Intervention: Cross-Cultural Perspectives

Factors such as shame and stigma impede the dialogue about mental illness across cultures.

Suicidal Ideation, Behavior Higher Among Those Seeking HIV Testing

Suicidal Ideation, Behavior Higher Among Those Seeking HIV Testing

Individuals who seek HIV testing could potentially constitute a group at higher risk for suicide than the general population.

Anxiety, Hopelessness With Huntington's Risk Most Predictive of Suicidal Ideation

Anxiety, Hopelessness With Huntington's Risk Most Predictive of Suicidal Ideation

Behavioral symptoms strongly linked to suicidal ideation included depression, irritability, aggression, and impulsivity.

Pilots Suffer Depression, Suicidal Thoughts at Fairly High Rates

Pilots Suffer Depression, Suicidal Thoughts at Fairly High Rates

Hundreds of active pilots manage depressive symptoms without the possibility of treatment due to fear of negative career impact.

Medical Students at High Risk for Depression, Suicidal Ideation

Medical Students at High Risk for Depression, Suicidal Ideation

High levels of stress and responsibility lead to greater prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in medical students.

Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Demonstrate Higher Risk of Suicide

Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients Demonstrate Higher Risk of Suicide

The prevalence of acute coronary syndrome was significantly higher among those who committed suicide than with healthy individuals.

Overdoses, Suicides Now Leading Causes of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Overdoses, Suicides Now Leading Causes of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Self-harm has been the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado between 2004 and 2012.

PET Imaging Serotonin Biomarker May Predict Suicide Risk

PET Imaging Serotonin Biomarker May Predict Suicide Risk

There is a clear need for methods to help identify individuals at risk of suicide, and certain biomarkers could aid in such efforts.

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

Incidence rate ratios were more increased for parental diagnoses of antisocial personality, cannabis use, and parental suicide attempt.

Tools for Suicide Risk Identification at Discharge May Be on Horizon

Tools for Suicide Risk Identification at Discharge May Be on Horizon

Those admitted to a hospital with a psychiatric diagnosis were 63% likely to die by suicide.

Association Between Poor Physical Health and Suicide Among Elderly Men

Association Between Poor Physical Health and Suicide Among Elderly Men

The extent or severity of physical ailments and functional impairment needs to be carefully examined in order to successfully prevent suicide in late life.

Study Identifies Psychological Processes Underlying Sleep-Suicide Link

Study Identifies Psychological Processes Underlying Sleep-Suicide Link

Suicide prevention strategies should include the provision of nighttime services.

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016

Is This Patient Suicidal? Tips for Effective Assessment

Is This Patient Suicidal? Tips for Effective Assessment

Many suicidal people experience difficulty describing their internal states, making assessment more challenging and demanding a high level of skill.

New Suicide Prevention Opportunities Identified

New Suicide Prevention Opportunities Identified

More than 80% of males and 87% of females who died from a subsequent suicide attempt did so within 12 months of their first attempt.

Hospitalization for Serious Infections Linked to Suicide Risk

Hospitalization for Serious Infections Linked to Suicide Risk

This nationwide population-based cohort study is currently the largest study to examine infections as a predictor of death by suicide.

Locked Wards May Not Prevent Inpatient Suicide, Absconding

Locked Wards May Not Prevent Inpatient Suicide, Absconding

Treatment on open wards was linked to lower odds of suicide attempts and to absconding with and without return.

Smoking Reduction Linked to Reduced Suicidality in Patients With Psychotic Conditions

Smoking Reduction Linked to Reduced Suicidality in Patients With Psychotic Conditions

At 12 months, researchers found a significant association between smoking reduction and suicidality.

Improvements Needed In Suicide Prevention Hotlines

Improvements Needed In Suicide Prevention Hotlines

Researchers found variation in the quality of responses to callers.

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