Suicide & Self-Harm

Parental Belief in Religion Lowers Suicide Risk in Children

Parental Belief in Religion Lowers Suicide Risk in Children

Religious attendance was associated with a lower risk for suicidal behavior in girls, but not boys.

First-Episode Drug-Naive Patients With Schizophrenia More Likely to Attempt Suicide

First-Episode Drug-Naive Patients With Schizophrenia More Likely to Attempt Suicide

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Researchers found a suicide attempt rate of 12.0% in first-episode, drug-naive inpatients.

App-Supported Inpatient Intervention to Prevent Postdischarge Suicide Attempts

App-Supported Inpatient Intervention to Prevent Postdischarge Suicide Attempts

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The rate of suicide attempts in participants assigned to intervention plus treatment as usual was half of that in participants in the treatment as usual-alone group.

Neural Pattern Classifier Distinguishes Between Acute Suicidal Acts and Current Suicidal Thoughts

Neural Pattern Classifier Distinguishes Between Acute Suicidal Acts and Current Suicidal Thoughts

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The use of intrinsic brain activity to differentiate acute suicidal acts from current suicidal thoughts is a promising step toward the development of an objective measure of imminent suicide risk.

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

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Although emotional abuse and neglect may not be as easily detected as other forms of maltreatment, professionals must be aware of their long-term effect on nonsuicidal self-injury likelihood.

Safety Planning Intervention With Follow-Up Reduces Postdischarge Suicidal Behavior

Safety Planning Intervention With Follow-Up Reduces Postdischarge Suicidal Behavior

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The investigators argue that safety planning and active outreach, a set of low-burden strategies, are valuable elements in an effective suicide prevention program.

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young Adults

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These data highlight the necessity of more targeted interventions for patients with a history of high-risk behavior, such as self-harm or suicide ideation.

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

Increased Suicide Risk in Cardiovascular Disease With Highest Rates in Younger Patients

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Patients with these cardiovascular diseases would benefit from early psychiatric help.

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

No Evidence Found That Efavirenz Use Increases Depression in HIV Antiretroviral Therapy

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The researchers believe this study is the first to detect a statistically significant, unexpected inverse association between efavirenz use and depression.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

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The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

APA: Suicide Prevention Should Be a Public Health Priority

Suicide prevention needs to be a public health priority.

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

Models Derived From Electronic Health Records Effective in Predicting Suicide Risk

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These models substantially outperform existing tools for suicide prevention, indicating a potential need for modification of currently available interventions.

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide Rates on the Rise in Nearly Every State, Says New CDC Report

Suicide rates have increased significantly in the US since 1999.

Suicide Risk in Black vs White Youths Significantly Mediated by Age

Suicide Risk in Black vs White Youths Significantly Mediated by Age

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These results challenge the public perception that suicide rates are uniformly higher among white children compared with black children.

Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine May Pose Fewer Psychiatric Risks Than Other Antiepileptic Drugs

Carbamazepine, Lamotrigine May Pose Fewer Psychiatric Risks Than Other Antiepileptic Drugs

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Carbamazepine, in particular, was associated with lower hazards for depression and anxiety in secondary analyses.

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.

Children's hospital visits for suicide ideation and attempts are increasing

The percentage of patients seen at children's hospitals for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts more than doubled between 2008 and 2015. The academic school year may play a role.

 Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

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Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Longer Breaks Between Deployments Decreased Suicide Risk in Soldiers

Longer Breaks Between Deployments Decreased Suicide Risk in Soldiers

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Analyses revealed that the likelihood of suicide attempts during or after second deployment were twice as high in soldiers whose first deployment occurred within their initial 12 months of service.

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

Predicting Suicidal Ideation in Veterans With Chronic Pain

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A number of factors including chronic pain co-occurring with posttraumatic stress disorder and pain interference may predict suicidal ideation and violent impulses in US veterans with chronic pain.

Stricter state firearm laws associated with lower rates of firearm suicide and homicide

Strong state firearm laws were associated with lower firearm suicide and homicide rates and overall suicide rates regardless of surrounding state laws. States with weak firearm laws only had lower rates of firearm homicide if they were surrounded by states with strong laws.

Significant variation in mortality trends in substance use disorders among US counties

Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

Esketamine Evaluated in MDD Patients at Imminent Risk for Suicide

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If approved, esketamine has the potential to be the first treatment for patients with major depressive disorder at imminent risk for suicide.

Child Irritability Correlated With Suicide Risk, Especially in Girls

Child Irritability Correlated With Suicide Risk, Especially in Girls

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Children who were described as both highly depressed/anxious and highly irritable were 2 times as likely to report suicidal thinking and attempts compared with children who exhibited neither depression nor irritability.

Late-Life Indicators of Suicidal Behavior Identified in Older Adults

Late-Life Indicators of Suicidal Behavior Identified in Older Adults

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Investigators sought to identify distinct pathways toward suicidal behaviors in older adults with major depression.

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Adolescents have an increased risk of suicide after nonfatal self-harm.

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

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Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.

Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Rates of Adverse Mental Health Outcomes

Adolescent Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Rates of Adverse Mental Health Outcomes

Adverse mental health outcome rates are higher in adolescent cancer survivors.

Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide

Suicide-Screening Toolkit Can Help Identify Youths at High Risk for Suicide

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The majority of patients who commit suicide visit a healthcare provider within months of their death, representing an important opportunity to intercede and connect them with mental health resources.

Risk for Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm Increased After Bariatric Surgery

Risk for Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm Increased After Bariatric Surgery

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These results indicate the need for thorough preoperative psychiatric history assessment in patients considering bariatric surgery, as well as postoperative surveillance.

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