Suicide & Self-Harm
While all the sexual minority groups had an increased risk for suicide attempt compared with heterosexuals, transgender youths were at the highest risk.
Investigators examine risk factors associated with suicide attempt in patients with status migrainosus
Most older adults who self-harm are not referred to mental health services.
Regardless of sex, current smokers with AUDIT scores ≥20 were at the highest risk for suicide in analyses, although men more frequently exhibited suicidal behaviors.
Youth who engage in self-harm should be a prioritized group for assessment and targeted treatment.
Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School StudentsOctober 15, 2018
These findings demonstrate the importance of developing support systems within schools for gender-nonconforming students.
Approximately 15% of incarcerated people have serious mental illness, although that number can vary depending on the type of illness.
Rumination is common in individuals experiencing suicide bereavement and is unique compared with the responses to bereavement for other reasons.
This research highlights the urgency of allocating proper psychiatric resources to college students, particularly those who belong to minority groups.
Although the disproportionate suicide rate among transgender youth may be daunting, family acceptance and support are associated with reduced disparities in depression between transgender and cisgender children.
Study results showed that when accounting for information bias in the context of socially stigmatized exposure and outcome, the estimated lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts is increased among sexual minorities.
Researchers identified risk factors for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in patients with fibromyalgia.
Clinicians may find these data useful in considering the mediating effects of family function and psychiatric comorbidities among patients with ADHD.
Researchers sought to identify risk factors for recurrent suicide attempts, controlling for gender and addictive substance exposure.
Researchers found 3 distinct subgroups of patients in relation to suicidal ideation and effects of ketamine, with one group's suicidal ideation completely eliminated and the other group's improvement independent of depressed mood.
Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety-related disorders was associated with improvements in suicide ideation rather than exacerbation.
In the United States, self-injury mortality exceeded diabetes as a cause of death in 2015, with the gap expanding in 2016.
This study suggests that parental spirituality may affect offspring mental health, particularly regarding suicidal behaviors.
Clinicians assessing individuals with major depressive episodes are urged to inquire about prior suicide attempts, recurrent thoughts of death, quality of life, and the severity of depressive symptomatology.
Regarding both depression and suicide, no baseline differences were observed between patients exposed to efavirenz and nevirapine compared with those never exposed.
In this retrospective study, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) was associated with a doubling in deaths by suicide, especially within the 6 months post-TBI.
Individuals with medical contact for traumatic brain injury have increased risk for suicide.
Researchers found a suicide attempt rate of 12.0% in first-episode, drug-naive inpatients.
The rate of suicide attempts in participants assigned to intervention plus treatment as usual was half of that in participants in the treatment as usual-alone group.
The use of intrinsic brain activity to differentiate acute suicidal acts from current suicidal thoughts is a promising step toward the development of an objective measure of imminent suicide risk.
Although emotional abuse and neglect may not be as easily detected as other forms of maltreatment, professionals must be aware of their long-term effect on nonsuicidal self-injury likelihood.
The investigators argue that safety planning and active outreach, a set of low-burden strategies, are valuable elements in an effective suicide prevention program.
Prior Suicide Attempts Associated With Poorer Clinical, Functional Outcomes in Adolescents, Young AdultsJuly 12, 2018
These data highlight the necessity of more targeted interventions for patients with a history of high-risk behavior, such as self-harm or suicide ideation.
Patients with these cardiovascular diseases would benefit from early psychiatric help.
The researchers believe this study is the first to detect a statistically significant, unexpected inverse association between efavirenz use and depression.
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