Generic Name and Formulations:
Lipid content 0.2g/mL (mixture of soybean oil, medium-chain triglycerides, olive- and fish-oil); emulsion for IV infusion; contains aluminum.
Fresenius Kabi USA
Indications for SMOFLIPID:
To provide a source of calories and essential fatty acids in adults requiring parenteral nutrition when oral or enteral nutrition is not possible, insufficient, or contraindicated.
Individualize. Dose based on patient’s energy requirements, age, clinical status, body wt, tolerance, ability to eliminate and metabolize lipids, and additional energy given orally/enterally. Administer by IV infusion via a peripheral or central vein. Usual dose: 1–2g/kg/day; max 2.5g/kg/day. Initiate rate at 0.5mL/min for the first 15–30mins; increase gradually to required rate after 30mins; max 0.5mL/kg/hr. Max daily dose: 60% of total energy requirements. Usual infusion duration: 12–24 hours based on patient’s clinical status. If serum triglycerides (>400mg/dL): initiate at a lower dose and increase in smaller increments; check levels before each adjustment.
Fish, egg, soybean, or peanut allergy. Severe hyperlipidemia or severe disorders of lipid metabolism characterized by hypertriglyceridemia (serum triglyceride >1000mg/dL).
Risk of deaths in preterm and low birth weight infants: see full labeling. Correct severe fluid and electrolyte disorders prior to initiating. Measure serum triglycerides at baseline, with each dose increase, and regularly during therapy. Discontinue and treat if hypersensitivity reactions occur. Monitor for signs/symptoms of infection and essential fatty acid deficiency (EFAD). Severely undernourished: avoid overfeeding. Risk of Parenteral Nutrition Associated Liver Disease (PNALD); consider discontinuation or dose reduction if abnormal LFTs occur. Monitor fluids, electrolytes, blood glucose, liver and kidney function, CBCs, platelets, coagulation parameters throughout treatment. Hepatic impairment. Pregnancy. Nursing mothers.
Vitamin K content may antagonize anticoagulants (eg, coumarin, warfarin); monitor. High lipid levels in plasma may interfere with blood tests (eg, hemoglobin, triglycerides, bilirubin, LDH, oxygen saturation).
Nausea, vomiting, hyperglycemia, flatulence, pyrexia, abdominal pain, hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension, sepsis, dyspepsia, UTI, anemia, device-related infections; refeeding syndrome, PNALD, aluminum toxicity (esp. preterm infants, renal impairment); rare: fat overload syndrome.
Emulsion (100mL, 250mL)—10; (500mL)—12
Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- ADHD, Comorbid Bipolar Disorder Share Similar Neurocognitive Profiles
- Anxiety Prevention Interventions: How Effective Are They?
- Antidepressant Use and Dementia Risk in the Elderly
- No Evidence of Personality Changes Prior to Developing Cognitive Impairment, Dementia
- Sleep Apnea Implant Device Receives FDA Approval
- Suicidal Behavior, Thoughts Associated With Perfectionist Tendencies
- Physicians Spend Nearly 6 Hours on EHR Tasks Per Day
- CBT, Acceptance Commitment Therapy Helpful for Those With Chronic Pain
- Depression Reduced by Social Belonging, Feelings of Inclusion
- Sleep Disturbance May Be Causal Factor in Psychotic Experiences
- Duration of Untreated Depression Predicts Depression Severity
- Asenapine Prevents Recurrence of Mood Events in Bipolar Disorder
- Cognitive Dysfunction a Sign of Prodromal Parkinson Disease
- ACOG Update: Marijuana Use Discouraged During Pregnancy, Breastfeeding
- Bipolar Depression Benefits From Midday Bright Light Therapy