Sleep-Wake Disorders

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Provides Pain Relief Independent of Improvements in Depression

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Provides Pain Relief Independent of Improvements in Depression

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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the right secondary somatosensory motor cortex produces relief from chronic neuropathic orofacial pain.

Lack of Sleep Costs US Economy $411 Billion Annually

Lack of Sleep Costs US Economy $411 Billion Annually

Even changing sleep habits by 1 hour can make a big difference.

Delayed Sleep Onset May Affect Insulin Resistance in Women

Delayed Sleep Onset May Affect Insulin Resistance in Women

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The study supports previous findings that hyperarousal of the inflammatory system may contribute to insulin resistance.

Drug Therapy Guidance Lacking for Sleep Disorders in Dementia

Drug Therapy Guidance Lacking for Sleep Disorders in Dementia

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A Cochrane systematic review found a clear lack of evidence for pharmacologic guidance of sleep problems in dementia.

Sleep Duration May Affect Risk of Atrial Fibrillation

Sleep Duration May Affect Risk of Atrial Fibrillation

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Every decrease in standard deviation of the amount of REM sleep was correlated with a 23% increased risk of atrial fibrillation.

Unique Chemical Signature in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Identified

Unique Chemical Signature in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Identified

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This study provides the first comprehensive, quantitative demonstration of the metabolomic deficiencies in chronic fatigue syndrome.

Insomnia Associated With Increased Risk of Depression in Meta-Analysis

Insomnia Associated With Increased Risk of Depression in Meta-Analysis

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Overall, 26 of the 34 studies suggested a positive relationship between insomnia and depression.

Assessing Beliefs and Treating Insomnia and Chronic Pain

Assessing Beliefs and Treating Insomnia and Chronic Pain

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The Pain-Related Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (PBAS) scale offers a tool to assess the interaction between sleep, insomnia and chronic pain.

Effect of Surgical Menopause on Insomnia Symptoms

Effect of Surgical Menopause on Insomnia Symptoms

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After 10 years follow-up, researchers found that women who experienced surgical menopause were more likely to suffer worse insomnia symptoms.

Home-based CBT Improves Sleep During Pregnancy

Home-based CBT Improves Sleep During Pregnancy

Sleep duration was significantly longer and there was less sleep disruption for pregnant women in the sleep enhancement training group compared with that of women in control groups.

Study Identifies Psychological Processes Underlying Sleep-Suicide Link

Study Identifies Psychological Processes Underlying Sleep-Suicide Link

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Suicide prevention strategies should include the provision of nighttime services.

Telephone-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is Beneficial for Insomnia in Menopause

Telephone-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is Beneficial for Insomnia in Menopause

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Telephone-based CBT significantly improves symptoms of insomnia in menopausal women.

ACP Recommends CBT Treatment for Chronic Insomnia Disorder

ACP Recommends CBT Treatment for Chronic Insomnia Disorder

American College of Physician researchers have released 2 recommendations for treatment of chronic insomnia disorder.

Young Adults with Sleep Problems May Have Higher Risk of Chronic Pain

Young Adults with Sleep Problems May Have Higher Risk of Chronic Pain

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Young adults with sleep problems may be at higher risk for developing chronic pain or worsening pain severity.

Investigating the Relationship Between Inflammation and Sleep Quality

Investigating the Relationship Between Inflammation and Sleep Quality

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The association between sleep disturbance and inflammation provides support for the possible etiopathogenic role of chronobiological disturbances.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Increases Risk of Depressive Disorders

Ankylosing Spondylitis Increases Risk of Depressive Disorders

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Research has found that patients with AS have an increased risk of developing certain depressive disorders following their diagnosis.

Sleep Apnea Negatively Influences Neurocognitive Function in Children

Sleep Apnea Negatively Influences Neurocognitive Function in Children

Those with higher apnea-hypopnea index more impaired than those with lower AHI.

Clonazepam Fails as Sleep Disorder Treatment

Clonazepam Fails as Sleep Disorder Treatment

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Researchers suggest that there are more effective or adjunctive interventions to resolve symptoms of RBD.

Ambien Tied To Car Accidents in Elderly, Women

Ambien Tied To Car Accidents in Elderly, Women

Significantly higher rates of motor vehicle collisions in women and adults aged 80 years and older.

Lead Exposure Contributes to Sleep Problems in Children

Lead Exposure Contributes to Sleep Problems in Children

Children who had high blood lead levels reported insomnia and use of sleeping pills much higher than those with low lead levels.

Sleep Interruption Worse For Mood Than Less Sleep

Sleep Interruption Worse For Mood Than Less Sleep

Interrupted sleep affects different aspects of positive mood, leading to diminished energy levels, as well as less feelings of sympathy.

Sleep Disruptions May Promote Alzheimer's Memory Loss

Sleep Disruptions May Promote Alzheimer's Memory Loss

Jet lag type sleep disturbances led to a decrease in glutathione, an antioxidant that prevents damage to parts of the cell, in the brain cells of mice.

Night Eating Syndrome: Diagnostic and Treatment Considerations

Night Eating Syndrome: Diagnostic and Treatment Considerations

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Reducing stress, having a regular eating schedule and bright light therapy are among the ways to treat the disorder.

Social Media At Bedtime Harms Sleep, Mood For Teens

Social Media At Bedtime Harms Sleep, Mood For Teens

Teens who spent a lot of time before bed on social media experienced more sleep problems, which can lead to depressed mood.

CPAP Therapy Reduces Depression in Sleep Apnea

CPAP Therapy Reduces Depression in Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea may be misdiagnosed as depression.

Treating Sleep Disorders in Parkinson's Disease Patients

Treating Sleep Disorders in Parkinson's Disease Patients

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Over 60% of people with Parkinson's disease will have REM sleep behavior disorder, endangering them and their partners during the night.

Is Narcolepsy Med Modafinil Also A 'Smart' Drug?

Is Narcolepsy Med Modafinil Also A 'Smart' Drug?

Modafinil (Provigil) may actually improve attention, learning and memory.

Opioid, Sedative Co-prescribing Still Common

Opioid, Sedative Co-prescribing Still Common

Although rates of opioid prescribing reached a plateau from 2006 to 2010, the co-prescribing of opioids and sedative hypnotics did not decrease over a nine-year period despite guidelines that advise against co-prescribing of these medications.

Starting with Lower Doses of Sleep Meds May Not Be Better

Starting with Lower Doses of Sleep Meds May Not Be Better

The results are in contrast to current "low and slow" treatment strategies for insomnia.

Side Sleeping Best for Clearing Brain of Beta Amyloid

Side Sleeping Best for Clearing Brain of Beta Amyloid

Sleeping on one's side may be the best position for removal of waste from the brain, based on study in rodents.

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