Psychiatry

Brain Structure Alterations Observed in Children With PTSD

Brain Structure Alterations Observed in Children With PTSD

Researchers used MRI to detect variations in neural connections among earthquake survivors.

Peer Review Process in Scientific Journals: Open, Single-blind, or Double-blind?

Peer Review Process in Scientific Journals: Open, Single-blind, or Double-blind?

Reviewers more likely to recommend acceptance when prestigious names and institutions were visible.

One Season of Youth Football Alters Brain Structure

One Season of Youth Football Alters Brain Structure

It is not yet clear whether changes in the brain that were observed during one season of competitive youth football are lasting or meaningful.

Steps to Protect Your Computer From Hackers

Steps to Protect Your Computer From Hackers

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Medical practices can take a number of steps to make it more difficult to hack into their computer files.

Genomic Medicine and the Future of Health Care

Genomic Medicine and the Future of Health Care

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Embracing all the myriad variations of the human genome should, in theory, lead to rewards that all can share.

Traumatic Injury Not a Significant Driver for Continued Opioid Use

Traumatic Injury Not a Significant Driver for Continued Opioid Use

Researchers found only 1 percent of patients prescribed medication still took opioids one year after hospital discharge.

Open-Label Placebo Treatment Reduces Chronic Pain

Open-Label Placebo Treatment Reduces Chronic Pain

Even when knowing they were taking a placebo, patients still obtained relief from pain.

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

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Acute exposure to ethanol led to antidepressant and anxiolytic behaviors in rodents for up to 24 hours.

Mindfulness Meditation Alters Emotional Processing

Mindfulness Meditation Alters Emotional Processing

Brief mindfulness meditation reduces difference between late positive potential response to negative high arousing, neutral stimuli.

Strategies for Managing Physician Burnout

Strategies for Managing Physician Burnout

Effective strategies for managing physician burnout include mindfulness and stress-management training, as well as shorter workdays.

HIV and Psychiatric Illness Comorbidity

HIV and Psychiatric Illness Comorbidity

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Both men and women with HIV were more likely to experience comorbid psychiatric conditions than their peers without an HIV diagnosis.

Depression May Accelerate Brain Aging

Depression May Accelerate Brain Aging

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Greater age-related decreases in volume of the putamen were observed in participants diagnosed with major depressive disorder compared with those of healthy controls.

Probability of Dementia Higher in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy

Probability of Dementia Higher in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy

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The longer the duration of ADT, the greater the risk of dementia.

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Researchers find heavy users have lower bone density than cigarette smokers.

Researchers Report Antidepressant Bupropion Crosses Placenta

Researchers Report Antidepressant Bupropion Crosses Placenta

Effects of fetal exposure are yet to be determined.

Update on Anorexia Treatment and Research

Update on Anorexia Treatment and Research

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It's the deadliest mental illness. What's being done about it?

CDC Guidelines on Opioids: Reaction from the American Academy of Pain Management

CDC Guidelines on Opioids: Reaction from the American Academy of Pain Management

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Dr Twillman, Executive Director for the American Academy of Pain Management, emphasizes the fact that CDC guidelines on opioids are expert- and not evidence-based.

Brief OCD Screener Effective for Use in Children of Various Ages

Brief OCD Screener Effective for Use in Children of Various Ages

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Analysis revealed that the brief OCD screener predicted OCD with an accuracy rate of higher than 90%.

NIH Announces New Investment In BRAIN Initiative

NIH Announces New Investment In BRAIN Initiative

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The NIH is awarding more than 100 new grants to over 170 researchers at 60 institutions that will total more than $70 million.

Effectiveness of Psychoeducational Intervention for Individuals Experiencing Fear of Cancer Recurrence

Effectiveness of Psychoeducational Intervention for Individuals Experiencing Fear of Cancer Recurrence

Researchers conducted a randomized controlled trial to examine the efficacy of a psychoeducational intervention to reduce fear of cancer recurrence.

Non-opioid Drugs and Methods for Pain Control

Non-opioid Drugs and Methods for Pain Control

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Treating acute pain before it develops into chronic pain may be the key to preventing chronic pain from arising in the first place.

The Comorbidity of Depression in Type 2 Diabetes

The Comorbidity of Depression in Type 2 Diabetes

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It has been reported previously that symptoms of depression are associated with nonadherence to diabetes self-care.

Various Perinatal Factors Increase OCD Risk

Various Perinatal Factors Increase OCD Risk

Despite intense research efforts and recent advances in understanding the condition, the exact etiology of OCD remains largely undefined.

Global Burden of Disease Study 2015: Drug Abuse and Alzheimer Disease

Global Burden of Disease Study 2015: Drug Abuse and Alzheimer Disease

In America, deaths associated with opioid use increased more than five-fold over the past 25 years.

Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia

Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia

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Researchers conducted an fMRI study of decision-making under conditions of risk and ambiguity in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Low Levels of Vitamin D in Patients With Bipolar Disorder

Low Levels of Vitamin D in Patients With Bipolar Disorder

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Approximately 2.5% of people worldwide are estimated to have bipolar spectrum disorders, which are a significant cause of neuropsychiatric disability.

Alcohol Use Disorder Drug Shows Promise

Alcohol Use Disorder Drug Shows Promise

CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Anorexia Nervosa and the Compulsive Exercise Test

Anorexia Nervosa and the Compulsive Exercise Test

Exercise time per day is associated with a higher Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) global score in adults with anorexia.

Haloperidol in the Emergency Department Setting

Haloperidol in the Emergency Department Setting

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Dr. Scott Zeller suggests it is time to move away from emergency intramuscular haloperidol.

Association Between Poor Physical Health and Suicide Among Elderly Men

Association Between Poor Physical Health and Suicide Among Elderly Men

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The extent or severity of physical ailments and functional impairment needs to be carefully examined in order to successfully prevent suicide in late life.

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