Psychiatric Disorders

Gender Differences in Alcohol Use Disappearing

Gender Differences in Alcohol Use Disappearing

Females are also closing the gender gap with regard to health problems associated with alcohol consumption.

Brain Structure Alterations Observed in Children With PTSD

Brain Structure Alterations Observed in Children With PTSD

Researchers used MRI to detect variations in neural connections among earthquake survivors.

Cytokine Levels May Predict SSRI Response in Children and Adolescents

Cytokine Levels May Predict SSRI Response in Children and Adolescents

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Elevated cytokine levels could help to identify children who are unlikely to respond to treatment with fluoxetine.

Arbaclofen May Benefit Some Patients With Autism

Arbaclofen May Benefit Some Patients With Autism

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Study results suggest continued study of arbaclofen for autism spectrum disorder.

Traumatic Injury Not a Significant Driver for Continued Opioid Use

Traumatic Injury Not a Significant Driver for Continued Opioid Use

Researchers found only 1 percent of patients prescribed medication still took opioids one year after hospital discharge.

Open-Label Placebo Treatment Reduces Chronic Pain

Open-Label Placebo Treatment Reduces Chronic Pain

Even when knowing they were taking a placebo, patients still obtained relief from pain.

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

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Acute exposure to ethanol led to antidepressant and anxiolytic behaviors in rodents for up to 24 hours.

Smokeless Tobacco Use Associated With Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality

Smokeless Tobacco Use Associated With Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality

Compared with men who never used tobacco, those who used snus but did not smoke had a 24% higher risk of death from prostate cancer.

HIV and Psychiatric Illness Comorbidity

HIV and Psychiatric Illness Comorbidity

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Both men and women with HIV were more likely to experience comorbid psychiatric conditions than their peers without an HIV diagnosis.

Depression May Accelerate Brain Aging

Depression May Accelerate Brain Aging

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Greater age-related decreases in volume of the putamen were observed in participants diagnosed with major depressive disorder compared with those of healthy controls.

Probability of Dementia Higher in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy

Probability of Dementia Higher in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy

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The longer the duration of ADT, the greater the risk of dementia.

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Researchers find heavy users have lower bone density than cigarette smokers.

Researchers Report Antidepressant Bupropion Crosses Placenta

Researchers Report Antidepressant Bupropion Crosses Placenta

Effects of fetal exposure are yet to be determined.

Effect of Surgical Menopause on Insomnia Symptoms

Effect of Surgical Menopause on Insomnia Symptoms

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After 10 years follow-up, researchers found that women who experienced surgical menopause were more likely to suffer worse insomnia symptoms.

Evaluating the Relationship Between Epilepsy Surgery and Psychiatric Disorders

Evaluating the Relationship Between Epilepsy Surgery and Psychiatric Disorders

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Surgery for drug-resistant epilepsy improved psychiatric outcomes and functioning.

Update on Anorexia Treatment and Research

Update on Anorexia Treatment and Research

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It's the deadliest mental illness. What's being done about it?

America's Mental Health System Update

America's Mental Health System Update

Patients with a diagnosed psychiatric problem are at increased odds of being in the emergency department for more than 24 hours.

Tools for Suicide Risk Identification at Discharge May Be on Horizon

Tools for Suicide Risk Identification at Discharge May Be on Horizon

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Those admitted to a hospital with a psychiatric diagnosis were 63% likely to die by suicide.

Home-based CBT Improves Sleep During Pregnancy

Home-based CBT Improves Sleep During Pregnancy

Sleep duration was significantly longer and there was less sleep disruption for pregnant women in the sleep enhancement training group compared with that of women in control groups.

Brief OCD Screener Effective for Use in Children of Various Ages

Brief OCD Screener Effective for Use in Children of Various Ages

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Analysis revealed that the brief OCD screener predicted OCD with an accuracy rate of higher than 90%.

Fear and Anxiety: Implications for Treatment

Fear and Anxiety: Implications for Treatment

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Individuals with bilateral damage to the amygdala can still feel fear.

Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Neurocognitive Status

Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Neurocognitive Status

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The American Heart Association issues a scientific statement on the possible link between chronic arterial hypertension and cognitive impairment.

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

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Autism is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder that is approximately 4 times more prevalent in males than females.

Non-opioid Drugs and Methods for Pain Control

Non-opioid Drugs and Methods for Pain Control

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Treating acute pain before it develops into chronic pain may be the key to preventing chronic pain from arising in the first place.

Inhaled Levodopa for 'Off' Periods in Parkinson Disease

Inhaled Levodopa for 'Off' Periods in Parkinson Disease

Levodopa pill can wear off, but a powdered version can help patients during off periods.

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

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Children and teens who used stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder had lower bone mineral content and bone density than nonusers.

Cigarette Smoking Predicts Development of Depression

Cigarette Smoking Predicts Development of Depression

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Cigarette smoking prevalence among persons with severe mental illness is approximately 3 times greater than the rate observed in the general population.

Gene Expression Patterns in Polygenic Schizophrenia Risk

Gene Expression Patterns in Polygenic Schizophrenia Risk

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Data indicate that 693 genes are differentially expressed between individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and typical, healthy controls.

Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia

Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia

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Researchers conducted an fMRI study of decision-making under conditions of risk and ambiguity in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Relationship Between Depression and Stable Angina Outcomes

Relationship Between Depression and Stable Angina Outcomes

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The strongest predictor of depression in patients with chronic stable angina was an episode of depression within the past 10 years.

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