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PROLEUKIN
Bladder, kidney, and other urologic cancers
Melanoma and other skin cancers
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Drug Name:

PROLEUKIN Rx

Generic Name and Formulations:
Aldesleukin 22 million IU/vial; pwd for IV infusion after reconstitution and dilution; contains mannitol; preservative-free.

Company:
Prometheus Labs, Inc.

Therapeutic Use:

Indications for PROLEUKIN:

Metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

Adult:

≥18yrs: 600,000 IU/kg (0.037mg/kg) every 8 hours by IV infusion over 15 minutes for a max of 14 doses, followed by 9 days rest, then repeat for another 14 doses (max 28 doses/course), as tolerated. Retreatment and dose adjustments: see literature.

Children:

<18yrs: not established.

Contraindications:

Abnormal thallium stress test or pulmonary function tests. Organ allografts. Previous drug related toxicity (eg, sustained ventricular tachycardia [≥5 beats], uncontrolled or unresponsive arrhythmias, chest pain with ECG changes consistent with angina, or MI, cardiac tamponade, intubation >72hrs, renal failure requiring dialysis >72hrs, coma or toxic psychosis >48hrs, repetitive or difficult seizures, bowel ischemia or perforation, GI bleeding requiring surgery).

Warnings/Precautions:

See literature. History of cardiac or pulmonary disease. Renal, hepatic, or CNS impairment. Seizure disorder. Bacterial infections (treat prior to starting therapy; esp. patients with indwelling central lines). Withhold dose if organ perfusion is not maintained, urine output is reduced, systolic BP <90mmHg, CHF, cardiac ischemia or arrhythmias occur; or if moderate-to-severe lethargy or somnolence (continuing may result in coma) develops. Evaluate and treat CNS metastases; obtain negative scan before starting treatment. Do thallium stress test; monitor vital signs, weight, fluid intake and output daily. Correct hypovolemia or fluid accumulations if occur. Obtain CBCs, differential and platelets, blood chemistries (electrolytes, renal and hepatic function tests), chest X-rays, serum creatinine (should be ≤1.5mg/dL before starting therapy), pulmonary function tests, arterial blood gases. Monitor for capillary leak syndrome, mental status changes, thyroid changes, diabetes onset. Elderly. Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers: not recommended.

Interactions:

Psychotropics may increase CNS toxicity. Increased toxicity with other nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic, myelotoxic, or cardiotoxic drugs. Hypersensitivity reactions with other antineoplastics. Myocardial injury and rhabdomyolysis risk increased with interferon-alfa. Antagonized by glucocorticoids (avoid). β-blockers and other antihypertensives may potentiate hypotension. Delayed reactions to iodinated contrast media. May increase risk of allograft rejection.

Pharmacological Class:

Interleukin-2, recombinant.

Adverse Reactions:

Hypotension, GI upset, oliguria, flu-like syndrome, respiratory disorders (eg, dyspnea), CNS effects (eg, confusion, somnolence), rash, metabolic and nutritional disorders (eg, bilirubinemia, increased creatinine), hyperglycemia, thyroid disorder, thrombocytopenia, anemia, impaired neutrophil function, capillary leak syndrome, cardiotoxicity, exacerbation of autoimmune and inflammatory disease, eosinophilia, possible antibody formation; others.

Metabolism:

Renal.

Elimination:

Renal.

Generic Availability:

NO

How Supplied:

Single-use vials—1

Indications for PROLEUKIN:

Metastatic melanoma.

Adult:

≥18yrs: 600,000 IU/kg (0.037mg/kg) every 8 hours by IV infusion over 15 minutes for a max of 14 doses, followed by 9 days rest, then repeat for another 14 doses (max 28 doses/course), as tolerated. Retreatment and dose adjustments: see literature.

Children:

<18yrs: not established.

Contraindications:

Abnormal thallium stress test or pulmonary function tests. Organ allografts. Previous drug related toxicity (eg, sustained ventricular tachycardia [≥5 beats], uncontrolled or unresponsive arrhythmias, chest pain with ECG changes consistent with angina, or MI, cardiac tamponade, intubation >72hrs, renal failure requiring dialysis >72hrs, coma or toxic psychosis >48hrs, repetitive or difficult seizures, bowel ischemia or perforation, GI bleeding requiring surgery).

Warnings/Precautions:

See literature. History of cardiac or pulmonary disease. Renal, hepatic, or CNS impairment. Seizure disorder. Bacterial infections (treat prior to starting therapy; esp. patients with indwelling central lines). Withhold dose if organ perfusion is not maintained, urine output is reduced, systolic BP <90mmHg, CHF, cardiac ischemia or arrhythmias occur; or if moderate-to-severe lethargy or somnolence (continuing may result in coma) develops. Evaluate and treat CNS metastases; obtain negative scan before starting treatment. Do thallium stress test; monitor vital signs, weight, fluid intake and output daily. Correct hypovolemia or fluid accumulations if occur. Obtain CBCs, differential and platelets, blood chemistries (electrolytes, renal and hepatic function tests), chest X-rays, serum creatinine (should be ≤1.5mg/dL before starting therapy), pulmonary function tests, arterial blood gases. Monitor for capillary leak syndrome, mental status changes, thyroid changes, diabetes onset. Elderly. Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers: not recommended.

Interactions:

Psychotropics may increase CNS toxicity. Increased toxicity with other nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic, myelotoxic, or cardiotoxic drugs. Hypersensitivity reactions with other antineoplastics. Myocardial injury and rhabdomyolysis risk increased with interferon-alfa. Antagonized by glucocorticoids (avoid). β-blockers and other antihypertensives may potentiate hypotension. Delayed reactions to iodinated contrast media. May increase risk of allograft rejection.

Pharmacological Class:

Interleukin-2, recombinant.

Adverse Reactions:

Hypotension, GI upset, oliguria, flu-like syndrome, respiratory disorders (eg, dyspnea), CNS effects (eg, confusion, somnolence), rash, metabolic and nutritional disorders (eg, bilirubinemia, increased creatinine), hyperglycemia, thyroid disorder, thrombocytopenia, anemia, impaired neutrophil function, capillary leak syndrome, cardiotoxicity, exacerbation of autoimmune and inflammatory disease, eosinophilia, possible antibody formation; others.

Metabolism:

Renal.

Elimination:

Renal.

Generic Availability:

NO

How Supplied:

Single-use vials—1

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