Personality Disorders

OCD Associated With Socioeconomic Factors and Mental Health Comorbidities

OCD Associated With Socioeconomic Factors and Mental Health Comorbidities

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A lower socioeconomic status, childhood maltreatment, and the presence of comorbid mental health conditions were associated with diagnosed OCD in the studied Canadian population.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Ethical Questions and Surgical Contraindications

Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Ethical Questions and Surgical Contraindications

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The potential consequences of providing cosmetic treatment to a patient with BDD can extend beyond ethical concerns.

Cognitive Therapy Plus Exposure and Response Prevention Effective in OCD

Cognitive Therapy Plus Exposure and Response Prevention Effective in OCD

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The treatment led to significantly greater symptom relief and belief reduction compared with exposure and response prevention.

Perimenstrual Symptom Exacerbation Observed in Borderline Personality Disorder

Perimenstrual Symptom Exacerbation Observed in Borderline Personality Disorder

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These data highlight potential risk periods for emotional symptom worsening in borderline personality disorder.

Concise Questionnaire Found Consistent, Reliable at Monitoring OCD

Concise Questionnaire Found Consistent, Reliable at Monitoring OCD

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The Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-9 may also potentially be used outside of intensive care settings, such as in longitudinal research.

Effectiveness of Inpatient Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder

Effectiveness of Inpatient Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder

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The prevalence of borderline personality disorder is estimated to between 15% and 20% in inpatient settings.

Lamotrigine Similar to Placebo in Treating Borderline Personality Disorder

Lamotrigine Similar to Placebo in Treating Borderline Personality Disorder

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The authors discouraged physicians from the prescription of lamotrigine, despite the "considerable pressure" that may be created by its recommendation in certain textbooks.

Politically Focused Thoughts, Behaviors Tied to Psychopathology

Politically Focused Thoughts, Behaviors Tied to Psychopathology

Politically focused intrusive thoughts and associated ritualistic behaviors are associated with measures of psychopathology and disability.

Interventions to Improve Social Outcomes in Offenders With Personality Disorders

Interventions to Improve Social Outcomes in Offenders With Personality Disorders

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It is unknown whether training in emotional, social, and practical skills generalize to the "real world" setting once offenders are released.

Borderline Personality Disorder: Not Just an Adult Condition

Borderline Personality Disorder: Not Just an Adult Condition

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Over the past 10 years, a strong research base has been mounting supporting the concept of a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder in teens.

Re-evaluation of Fear Processing in Psychopathy: New Evidence and Application to Other Psychiatric Disorders

Re-evaluation of Fear Processing in Psychopathy: New Evidence and Application to Other Psychiatric Disorders

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This is the first meta-analysis to examine subjective emotion experience in psychopathy.

Do Personality Disorders Increase Obesity Risk?

Do Personality Disorders Increase Obesity Risk?

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Assessment of comorbid personality disorder could be key to successful weight loss strategies.

Therapists' Fear of Borderline Personality Disorder Persists

Therapists' Fear of Borderline Personality Disorder Persists

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Many clinicians are apprehensive about the risk associated with symptoms of BPD, such as self-harm and suicidal behavior.

Bullied Preemies At Greater Risk for Mental Illness as Adults

Bullied Preemies At Greater Risk for Mental Illness as Adults

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Preemies may possess elevated levels of characteristics that put them at risk for peer victimization, including more anxiety and depression.

Women, Chronic Psychiatric Patients Seek Out Assisted Suicide the Most

Women, Chronic Psychiatric Patients Seek Out Assisted Suicide the Most

Patients are usually women; most have chronic, severe conditions with histories of suicide.

Internet-Based CBT Best for Body Dysmorphia

Internet-Based CBT Best for Body Dysmorphia

Superior to online supportive therapy for symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder.

Psychiatric Disorders Have Increased in Declining Smoker Population

Psychiatric Disorders Have Increased in Declining Smoker Population

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Nicotine-dependent smokers who began smoking in the 1980s were more likely than older smokers to have a psychiatric condition, such as bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder, or ADHD.

Psychotherapy Impacts Neural Circuits in Personality Disorder

Psychotherapy Impacts Neural Circuits in Personality Disorder

Transference-focused psychotherapy is associated with alterations in frontolimbic circuitry in borderline personality disorder.

Effective Therapies for Trichotillomania

Effective Therapies for Trichotillomania

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Researchers found significant improvements in hair-pulling symptoms with both "decoupling" and progressive muscle relaxation.

OCD Patients Who Fail on Meds Helped By Exposure Therapy

OCD Patients Who Fail on Meds Helped By Exposure Therapy

By the end of the exposure and response prevention therapy treatment, more than half of the patients with OCD were considered excellent responders.

A Primer on Intermittent Explosive Disorder

A Primer on Intermittent Explosive Disorder

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IED has comorbidities, including mood disorders, lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders, personality disorders, and substance abuse.

Bad Spiritual Beliefs Can Negatively Impact Mental Health

Bad Spiritual Beliefs Can Negatively Impact Mental Health

Those in the negative spirituality group reported significantly worse pain as well as worse physical and mental health.

Bisexual Women Have High Rates of Eating Disorders

Bisexual Women Have High Rates of Eating Disorders

Homosexual and bisexual men had higher rates of eating disorders than straight men.

Borderline Personality Disorder Linked to Lowered Empathy

Borderline Personality Disorder Linked to Lowered Empathy

Functional MRI scans show those who have borderline personality disorder traits have less activity in areas of the brain involved in empathy.

Mental Health 'Labels' Can Negatively Impact Treatment of Patients

Mental Health 'Labels' Can Negatively Impact Treatment of Patients

In an experiment, researchers found that clinicians assumed behaviors that were not present in diagnosing a patient.

Ending 'Victim' Narrative Could Thwart Extremist Group Recruitment

Ending 'Victim' Narrative Could Thwart Extremist Group Recruitment

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Extremist organizations attract vulnerable members by emphasizing victimization and sense of identity.

Morbidity of Borderline Personality Disorder Underestimated

Morbidity of Borderline Personality Disorder Underestimated

Morbidity and suicidality associated with borderline personality disorder rivals that of bipolar disorder, yet former is not as well researched.

Almost 10% of Americans With Anger Issues Have Guns

Almost 10% of Americans With Anger Issues Have Guns

Quick-to-anger gun owners also have elevated risk of personality disorders, alcohol abuse, anxiety and PTSD, the researchers said.

Stigmatizing Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder

Stigmatizing Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder

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Many clinicians believe that BPD patients are often treatment resistant and overly demanding.

Boredom, Frustration Can Lead to Repetitive, Body-Focused Behaviors

Boredom, Frustration Can Lead to Repetitive, Body-Focused Behaviors

Boredom, frustration and impatience can promote skin-picking, nail-biting and hair-pulling in some people.

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