Opioid Use Disorder
Dose escalation may be a proxy for loss of control or undetected abuse known to be associated with depression.
The most common condition linked to long-term opioid use was depression while suicide-attempts and self-injury were the least common conditions
Researchers found only 1 percent of patients prescribed medication still took opioids one year after hospital discharge.
Treating acute pain before it develops into chronic pain may be the key to preventing chronic pain from arising in the first place.
Both medical and non-medical use of prescription opioid medications is associated with a higher risk for transitioning to heroin use.
One topic of criticism is the relative dearth of scientific evidence regarding the efficacy of 12-step programs.
Policy makers have prioritized increasing buprenorphine access to fight the opioid epidemic, but lack adequate information about how to do so effectively.
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