Opioid Use Disorder
Opioid addiction without receiving medical treatment among 25 years old and younger Americans has severely increased.
Following C-section, women were prescribed roughly twice as many pills as they used.
Patients who frequently relapse into overuse following withdrawal have a worse clinical and psychological profile than patients who relapse less frequently.
Post-surgery pain is a continuum with no clear delineation.
A prescription weight-loss drug reduced the urge to use opiates like oxycodone.
Interventions may need to educate practitioners about how to handle difficult conversations with patients about opioids.
The opioid crisis in Pennsylvania has led to voluntary guidelines emphasizing medication-assisted treatment.
Benzodiazepine safety has not been confirmed beyond short-term use.
Prescribing opioids for 3 days or less may lower chances of addiction, researchers say.
Few adolescents receive methadone or buprenorphine for opioid addiction.
Updated guidelines focus on safe and effective opioid prescribing practices.
Patients addicted to opioids treated in a hospital emergency department do better when they receive medication to reduce opioid cravings.
Dose escalation may be a proxy for loss of control or undetected abuse known to be associated with depression.
The most common condition linked to long-term opioid use was depression while suicide-attempts and self-injury were the least common conditions
Researchers found only 1 percent of patients prescribed medication still took opioids one year after hospital discharge.
Treating acute pain before it develops into chronic pain may be the key to preventing chronic pain from arising in the first place.
Both medical and non-medical use of prescription opioid medications is associated with a higher risk for transitioning to heroin use.
One topic of criticism is the relative dearth of scientific evidence regarding the efficacy of 12-step programs.
Policy makers have prioritized increasing buprenorphine access to fight the opioid epidemic, but lack adequate information about how to do so effectively.
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