Opioid-Related Disorder

Talk therapy, modified for literacy level, helps ease chronic pain for disadvantaged populations

Both modified cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pain education (EDU) interventions were associated with improved pain in patients with disadvantaged backgrounds.

Significant variation in mortality trends in substance use disorders among US counties

Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.

Little Packaging Information on Storage, Disposal of Opioid Pain-Relievers

Little Packaging Information on Storage, Disposal of Opioid Pain-Relievers

Package inserts of opioid analgesics may not consistently provide information regarding safe drug storage and/or disposal.

Treatment Duration of Extended-Release Naltrexone for Opioid Dependence and Outcomes

Treatment Duration of Extended-Release Naltrexone for Opioid Dependence and Outcomes

A longer duration of extended-release naltrexone treatment in individuals with opioid dependence was associated with improved outcomes and reduced rates of relapse.

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Mortality Rates for Substance Use Disorders, Intentional Injuries Vary Widely By County

Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.

Does Access to Medical Cannabis Reduce Risk for Opioid Abuse?

Does Access to Medical Cannabis Reduce Risk for Opioid Abuse?

While results so far may seem to support a link between increased access to cannabis and a reduction in prescription opioid use, findings from a study published in 2018 found otherwise.

Pharmacotherapy Improves Criminal Justice Outcomes in Opioid Dependence With Mental Illness

Pharmacotherapy Improves Criminal Justice Outcomes in Opioid Dependence With Mental Illness

All 3 opioid-dependence pharmacotherapies — methadone, buprenorphine, and oral naltrexone — were associated with reductions in inpatient substance abuse treatment.

Antidepressant Adherence Associated With Cessation of Long-term Prescription Opioid Use

Antidepressant Adherence Associated With Cessation of Long-term Prescription Opioid Use

Antidepressant medication adherence is linked with cessation of opioid use.

Presence of Prescription Opioids May Increase Risk of Initiation in Household Members

Presence of Prescription Opioids May Increase Risk of Initiation in Household Members

Prescription opioids kept in the household may increase the risk for opioid initiation in co-residents.

Risk for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Methadone vs Buprenorphine During Pregnancy

Risk for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Methadone vs Buprenorphine During Pregnancy

Methadone exposure in utero was shown to have an increased risk of neonatal abstinence syndrome compared with buprenorphine.

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